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Helophis schoutedeni (DE WITTE, 1942)

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Natricinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Common NamesSchouteden's Sun Snake 
SynonymPelophis schoutedeni DE WITTE 1922: 318
Helophis schoutedeni — DE WITTE 1942: 113 (nom. nov.)
Helophis schoutedeni — BROADLEY 1998
Helophis schoutedeni — NAGY et al. 2014
Helophis schoutedeni — WALLACH et al. 2014: 324 
DistributionW/C Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire), SE Congo (Brazzaville) (K. Jackson, pers. comm.)

Type locality: “Kwamouth (district du Moyen-Congo) [et ...] Tondu, sur Ie Lac Tumba (district de l’Equateur)” (DRC) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesSyntypes: MRAC = RMCA 2468, a 446 mm specimen (H. Schouteden, 24 Feb. 1924), and 2469, a 540 mm specimen (H. Schouteden, 23 May 1921). 
CommentSynonymy: Pelophis is preoccupied by Pelophis Fitzinger, 1843 [type species: Brachyorrhos (now Enhydris) alternans Reuss, 1834].

Similar species: Hydraethiops sp.; The assignment of this species to Natricinae is based on morphological data as no DNA could be collected yet (NAGY et al. 2013).

Type species: Pelophis schoutedeni DE WITTE 1922: 318 is the type species of the genus Helophis DE WITTE & LAURENT 1942. 
Etymologynamed after the collector of the types, Dr. Henri Schouteden. 
  • Broadley, D.G. 1998. The reptilian fauna of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa). In: Schmidt, K.P. and Noble, G.K., Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo... [reprint of the 1919 and 1923 papers]. SSAR Facsimile reprints in Herpetology, 780 pp.
  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
  • NAGY, ZOLTÁN T.; VÁCLAV GVOŽDÍK, DANNY MEIRTE, MARCEL COLLET, OLIVIER S.G. PAUWELS 2014. New data on the morphology and distribution of the enigmatic Schouteden’s sun snake, Helophis schoutedeni (de Witte, 1922) from the Congo Basin. Zootaxa 3755 (1): 096–100 - get paper here
  • Trape, J.F. & R. ROUX-ESTÈVE 1995. Les serpents du Congo: liste commentée et clé de détermination. Journal of African Zoology 109 (1): 31-50
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Witte, G. F. de 1922. Description d'un ophidien nouveau récolté au Congo par le Dr. Schouteden. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr., Tervuren 10: 318-319
  • Witte, G. F. de & R. LAURENT 1942. Contribution à la Faune Herpétologique du Congo belge. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 36 (2): 101-115
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