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Hemidactylus anamallensis (GÜNTHER, 1875)

IUCN Red List - Hemidactylus anamallensis - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesAnamalay gecko 
SynonymGecko anamallensis GÜNTHER 1875: 226
Hoplodactylus anamallensis GÜNTHER 1875 (fide BAUER & RUSSELL 1995)
Hoplodactylus anamallensis — BOULENGER 1885: 175
Dravidogecko anamallensis — SMITH 1935: 82
Dravidogecko anamallensis — WERMUTH 1965: 27
Dravidogecko anamallensis — KLUGE 1993
Hemidactylus anamallensis — BAUER & RUSSELL 1995
Dravidogecko anamallensis — RÖSLER 2000: 78
Hemidactylus anamallensis — GIRI et al. 2008
Dravidogecko anamallensis — BANSAI & KARANTH 2013 
DistributionS India (Anaimalay, Palni, Tinnevelly, Kerala)

Type locality: Anamalay Hills, Southern India.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesType: BMNH 1946.8.23.61 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentSynonymy: BAUER & RUSSELL 1995 placed Dravidogecko in the synonymy of Hemidactylus. BANSAI & KARANTH 2013 suggested to resurrect Dravidogecko because it forms a clearly separate clade within Hemidactylus. 
References
  • Bansal R, Karanth KP 2013. Phylogenetic Analysis and Molecular Dating Suggest That Hemidactylus anamallensis Is Not a Member of the Hemidactylus Radiation and Has an Ancient Late Cretaceous Origin. PLoS ONE 8(5): e60615. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0060615 - get paper here
  • Bansal, Rohini; K. Praveen Karanth 2010. Molecular phylogeny of Hemidactylus geckos (Squamata: Gekkonidae) of the Indian subcontinent reveals a unique Indian radiation and an Indian origin of Asian house geckos. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57 (1): 459-465 - get paper here
  • Bauer, AARON M. & ANTHONY PATRICK RUSSELL 1995. The systematic relationships of Dravidogecko anamallensis (Günther 1875). Asiatic Herpetological Research 6: 30-35. - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Todd R. Jackman, Eli Greenbaum, Varad B. Giri, Anslem de Silva 2010. South Asia supports a major endemic radiation of Hemidactylus geckos. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57 (1): 343-352 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Giri, Varad B.; Bauer, Aaron M. 2008. A new ground-dwelling Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Maharashtra, with a key to the Hemidactylus of India. Zootaxa 1700: 21-34 - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1875. Second report on collections of Indian Reptiles obtained bv the British Museum. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1875: 224-234 - get paper here
  • Mahony, Stephen 2009. A New Species of Gecko of the Genus Hemidactylus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) from Andhra Pradesh, India. Russ. J. Herpetol. 16 (1): 27-34 - get paper here
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
 
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