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Hemidactylus craspedotus MOCQUARD, 1890

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Mocquard's House Gecko, Frilled Gecko, Frilly House Gecko
G: Gesäumter Haftzeher 
SynonymHemidactylus craspedotus MOCQUARD 1890: 144
Mimetozoon floweri BOULENGER 1896
Mimetozoon craspedotus — SHELFORD 1901: 49
Mimetozoon craspedotus — DE ROOIJ 1915: 36
Platyurus craspedotus — TAYLOR 1963: 768
Cosymbotus craspedotus — KLUGE 1993
Cosymbotus craspedotus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 216
Hemidactylus craspedotus — ZUG et al. 2007
Hemidactylus craspedotus — BAUER et al. 2010
Hemidactylus craspedotus — GRISMER & QUAH 2019 
DistributionW Malaysia (Penang, Perak; Pulau Pangkor, Selangor, Kepong: HR 32: 57, Pulau Tioman),
S Thailand (Nakhon Si Thammarat, Pattani, Trang),
Indonesia (Sumatra, N Borneo, Natuna islands), Singapore

Type locality: “nord de Bornéo” [Sabah]  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 1889.0297 
DiagnosisDescription (genus Mimetozoon): Digits webbed for two-thirds, strongly dilated, with two rows of lamellae beneath; the distal phalanges clawed, slender and compressed, rising from within the extremity of the dilated part. Limbs, sides of head, body and tail with a large dermal expansion, covered above with imbricate tetragonal scales. Body covered with juxtaposed granular scales and tubercles. Pupil vertical. Males with femoral pores.

Description (craspedotus): Snout narrow, pointed, longer than the distance between the eye and the ear-opening, one time and a half the diameter of the orbit; forehead concave; ear-opening small, oval, horizontal. Head-scales small, largest on the snout. Rostral rectangular, twice as broad as high, with median cleft; nostril bordered by the rostral, the first labial and three nasals. Eleven to twelve upper and eight to ten lower labials; mental very large, triangular; two pair of chin-shields, the inner larger and forming a suture. Body depressed; from axilla to groin a membrane borders the flanks, another the neck from behind the corner of the mouth to the fore limb; body covered above with very small granules, intermixed with small unequal round tubercles, irregularly distributed. Along the flanks a longitudinal series of tubercles, another, consisting of 7 or 9 tubercles along the neck. Ventral scales small, cycloid, imbricate. Male with 16 or 17 femoral pores on each side, separated in the middle. Tail much depressed, bordered on each side by a broad fold with sharp denticulated lateral edge, covered above with granules, anteriorly with transverse series of tubercles, below with enlarged plates. Limbs depressed, bordered on both sides by a membrane; digits short, strongly dilated, two-thirds webbed, all well developed; 5 lamellae under the inner, 8 or 9 under the fourth digit.

Coloration: Grey-brown above, mottled with brown, with quadrangular paired, brown spots; a dark streak on each side of the head, passing through the eye; tail with brown cross bars. Lower parts yellowish-grey, speckled with blackish towards the sides; lower anterior part of tail red.

Size: Length of head and body 59 mm.; tail 64 mm. 
CommentSynonymy: Note that Cosymbotus platyurus has been renamed Hemidactylus platyurus by CARRANZA & ARNOLD. 
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Todd R. Jackman, Eli Greenbaum, Varad B. Giri, Anslem de Silva 2010. South Asia supports a major endemic radiation of Hemidactylus geckos. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57 (1): 343-352 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Varad B. Giri, Eli Greenbaum, Todd R. Jackman, Mahesh S. Dharne and Yogesh S. Shouche 2008. On the Systematics of the Gekkonid Genus Teratolepis Günther, 1869: Another One Bites the Dust. Hamadryad 32 (2): 90-104 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1897. On a new gecko from Penang. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1896: 767—768 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Das , I. 2004. Lizards of Borneo. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Borneo
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp. - get paper here
  • Goldberg, Stephen R., Charles R. Bursey, L. Lee Grismer and Jeanette Arrelola. 2014. Hemidactylus craspedotus (frilly house gecko) endoparasites. Herpetological Review 45 (1): 128-129 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; & EVAN S. H. QUAH 2019. An updated and annotated checklist of the lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, and their adjacent archipelagos. Zootaxa 4545 (2): 230–248 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Amphibians and reptiles of the Seribuat Archipelago. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 239 pp.
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and their adjacent archipelagos. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 728 pp. [review in Herp. Rev. 43: 155] - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L., McGuire, J.A.; Sosa, R. & Kaiser, H. 2002. Revised checklist and comments on the terrestrial herpetofauna of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia. Herpetological Review 33 (1): 26-29 - get paper here
  • Herlambang, A. E., Riyanto, A., Munir, M., Hamidy, A., Kimura, K., Eto, K., & Mumpuni, M. 2022. AFTER 16 YEARS: AN UPDATE CHECKLIST OF HERPETOFAUNA ON THE NATUNA ISLANDS, INDONESIA. TREUBIA, 49(2), 67-84
  • Honda M., Hikida T., Araya, K.; Ota H., Nabhitabhata J. & Hoi-Sen, Y. 1997. Cosymbotus craspedotus (Frilly Gecko) and C. platyurus (Flat-tailed gecko). Gliding behavior. Herpetological Review 28 (1): 42-43 - get paper here
  • Lim K K P. 1991. First record of Cosymbotes craspedotus (Mocquard) (Reptilia: Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Singapore island. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 39 (2): 307- 308 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Mocquard, F. 1890. Diagnoses d'espèces nouvelles de reptiles et de batraciens des iles Bornèo et Palawan. Le Naturaliste, Paris: 144-145. - get paper here
  • Onn, Chan Kin; J. van Rooijen, L. Lee Grismer, Daicus Belabut,, Mohd. Abdul Muin Md. Akil, Hamidi Jamaludin, Rick Gregory, and Norhayati Ahmad 2010. FIRST REPORT ON THE HERPETOFAUNA OF PULAU PANGKOR, PERAK, MALAYSIA. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (2): 139 – 146 - get paper here
  • Shelford, R. 1901. A list of the reptiles of Borneo. Journal of the Straits Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society (35-36): 43- - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Sumarli, Alex X.; L. Lee Grismer, Shahrul Anuar, Mohd Abdul Muin and Evan S.H. Quah 2015. First report on the amphibians and reptiles of a remote mountain, Gunung Tebu in northeastern Peninsular Malaysia. Check List 11 (4): 1679 - get paper here
  • Taylor, E.H. 1963. The lizards of Thailand. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 44: 687-1077. - get paper here
  • Teo, R.C.H. & N.J. Thomas 2019. Updated Inventory of Amphibians, Reptiles and Mammals of the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 71(Suppl. 1):145-183; doi: 10.26492/gbs71(suppl.1).2019-06 - get paper here
  • Teo, R.C.H. & Rajathurai, S. 1997. Mammals, reptiles and amphibians in the Nature Reserves of Singapore - diversity, abundance and distribution. Proc. Nature Reserves Survey Seminar. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 49: 353-425
  • Zug, G.R., Vindum, J.V. & Koo, M.S. 2007. Burmese Hemidactylus (Reptilia, Squamata, Gekkonidae): taxonomic notes in tropical Asian Hemidactylus. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 58: 387–405
  • Zwanzig, Bernd-Michael & Wolfgang Grossmann 2013. Halbfingergeckos: Hemidactylus. Die verkannte Gattung. Terraria-Elaphe 2013 (2): 14-27 - get paper here
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