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Hemidactylus endophis CARRANZA & ARNOLD, 2012

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Common Names 
SynonymHemidactylus endophis CARRANZA & ARNOLD 2012 
DistributionN Oman

Type locality: “Muscat” (see also type info) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1976.1323, male, lodged in the gullet of a Platyceps rhodorachis (BMNH labeled as “Muscat”, collected by A.S.G. Jayakar, in 1887, fide Carranza, cited in Roll et al. 2017 (MorphoBank M101997–M102030). 
CommentThis species was found inside a Platyceps rhodorachis.

Diagnosis Hemidactylus endophis can be distinguished from all currently described Arabian members of Hemidactylus based on the following combination of characters: A medium-sized Hemidactylus (only known specimen 59 mm SVL); large tubercles on dorsum relatively weakly keeled, arranged in 16 regular rows at mid-body, largest on lower flanks; scaling on belly coarse (about 26–28 in transverse row at mid-belly), coarse bluntly pointed and imbricate scales in front of vent similar to those on belly; adhesive pads on digits not especially broad, about half as wide as long on 4th toe of pes; lamellae under the 1st toe of pes 6, lamellae under the 4th toe 9; 7 femoral pores under each thigh (14 in total), broadly separated medially by 6 scales. 
EtymologyEtymology From the classical Greek prefix endŏ- meaning inside, and ŏphis, a snake. 
  • Carranza S, Xipell M, Tarroso P, Gardner A, Arnold EN, Robinson MD, et al. 2018. Diversity, distribution and conservation of the terrestrial reptiles of Oman (Sauropsida, Squamata). PLoS ONE 13(2): e0190389 - get paper here
  • Carranza, S., Arnold, E. Nicholas 2012. A review of the geckos of the genus Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Oman based on morphology, mitochondrial and nuclear data, with descriptions of eight new species. Zootaxa 3378: 1–95 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 2015. Bemerkungen über einige Geckos der Zoologischen Staatssammlung München. Gekkota, Suppl. (2): 3-54
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