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Hemidactylus frenatus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1836

IUCN Red List - Hemidactylus frenatus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Sauria (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Chichak, Common House Gecko, South Asian House Gecko, Bridled house gecko
G: Gewöhnlicher Halbfingergecko, Asiatischer Hausgecko 
SynonymHemidactylus javanicus FITZINGER 1826 (nomen nudum)
Hemidactylus frenatus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 366
Hemidactylus (Pnoepus) Bojeri FITZINGER 1843
Hemidactylus vittatus GRAY 1845
Hemidactylus punctatus JERDON 1853
Hemidactylus fraenatus BLEEKER 1857
Hemidactylus inornatus HALLOWELL 1861
Hemidactylus pumilus HALLOWELL 1861: 502
Gecko caracal TYTLER 1865: 547
Gecko chaus TYTLER 1865: 547
Hemidactylus longiceps COPE 1869: 320
Hemidactylus hexaspis COPE 1869: 320
Hemidactylus papuensis [MACLEAY] 1877
Hemidactylus tristis SAUVAGE 1879: 49
Hemidactylus frenatus — BOULENGER 1885: 120
Hemidactylus nigriventris LIDTH DE JEUDE 1905
Hemidactylus bowringii - STEJNEGER 1907: 172
Hemidactylus fragilis CALABRESI 1915
Hemidactylus frenatus — DE ROOIJ 1915: 28
Hemidactylus nigriventris — DE ROOIJ 1915: 31
Hemidactylus vandermeer-mohri BRONGERSMA 1928
Hemidactylus mabouia - BARBOUR & LOVERIDGE 1929 (partim)
Hemidactylus okinawensis OKADA 1936
Hemidactylus vandermeermohri WERMUTH 1965
Hemidactylus auritus POEPPIG (in OBST) 1977
Pnoepus papuensis - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 14
Pnoepus frenatus - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Pnoepus bojeri - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Pnoepus vittatus - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Pnoepus punctatus - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Pnoepus inornatus - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Pnoepus pumilus - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Pnoepus caracal - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Pnoepus fragilis - WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Hemidactylus fragilis — LANZA 1990
Hemidactylus frenatus — LANZA 1990
Hemidactylus frenatus — LINER 1994
Hemidactylus frenatus — GLAW & VENCES 1994: 277
Hemidactylus frenatus — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 235
Hemidactylus frenatus — COX et al. 1998: 84
Hemidactylus frenatus — COGGER 2000: 246
Pnoepus frenatus - WELLS 2002
Hemidactylys cf. frenatus — ANDREONE et al. 2003
Hemidactylus cf. frenatus — JESTRZEMSKI et al. 2013 
DistributionWorldwide in tropical and subtropical regions.

Asia: Philippines (Palawan, Panay, Calamian Islands, Luzon, Mindoro, Bohol, Masbate etc.), Japan (Ryukyu, Bonin), Singapore,
Polynesia, Micronesia (Caroline Islands: Pohnpei, Mortlock Islands, Chuuk etc.), Melanesia, Solomon Islands [McCoy 2000], New Guinea, Timor-Leste,
Taiwan, China (Hong Kong, Guangdong, Hainan, S Yunnan, Guangxi), India (Assam, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Mizoram, Kerala), Pakistan, Andaman Islands, Nicobar Islands, Bangladesh, Bhutan,
Nepal, Sri Lanka, Maldives, Malaysia (incl. Pulau Tioman, Johor: Pulau Besar), Burma (= Myanmar), Vietnam (Binh Thuan etc.), Thailand, Cambodia, Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo, Java, Bali, Lombok, Sulawesi, Ambon, Komodo, Flores, Halmahera), Nauru, Vanuatu

Africa: Somalia (Lanza 1990), Kenya

Madagascar, Mauritius, Reunion, Rodrigues, Comoro Islands (Mayotte), Nossi Be = Nosy Bé (probably), Nosy Mitsio, Seychelles, Chagos Archipelago

Australia (Cook Island, CKI, North Territory, Queensland, West Australia), Western Samoa, New Caledonia, Fiji (introduced)

Oceania: Tonga Islands

Americas: Introduced to Mexico (Yucatan, Jalisco, Guerrero, Oaxaca, San Luis Potosí, Sinaloa, Chiapas, Colima, Morelos, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Tabasco, Quintana Roo, Veracruz, Tamaulipas, Querétaro, Nayarit, Puebla), Belize, Guatemala, Panama, Honduras [HR 31: 53; Isla de Utila: HR 32: 57], Costa Rica, Nicaragua, El Salvador (HR 33: 65); introduced to Venezuela, Ecuador, Colombia

Introduced to Mariana Islands (Guam) and New Caledonia.
Introduced to USA (Hawaii, Florida)

fragilis: Somalia (LANZA 1983)

Type locality: Java (designated by LOVERIDGE 1947) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes: MNHN
Holotype: unknown (fide SANG et al. 2009) 
CommentDistribution: Not listed for Honduras and Belize by KÖHLER (2000). DUMÉRIL & BIBRON (1836) give as type locality a whole range of places including South Africa, Mauritius, Madagascar, etc. In the Pacific H. frenatus and H. garnotii are sympatric only in Hawaii, the Marquesas, and New Caledonia. H. frenatus may have displaced H. garnotii in several instances (BAUER & VINDUM 1990).
The arrival of H. frenatus in the Mascarene islands decimated a radiation of six species of Nactus geckos, three now being entirely extinct and the remainder limited to relict populations on the offshore islets of Mauritius (Arnold, 2000; Cole et al., 2005).

Total length max. 140 mm.

Original description in Amarasinghe et al. 2009. Sometimes Schlegel is cited as the describer. However, the real authors are Duméril & Bibron, 1836 who ascribed the name to Schlegel and stated that this was the name under which the species was listed in the Leiden museum. This apparently is true, but Schlegel is not responsible for the description as published in D&B III:366 (M. Hoogmoed, pers. comm., 2 Sep 2014). 
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