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Hemidactylus murrayi GLEADOW, 1887

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Murray’s House Gecko
G: Murrays Halbfingergecko, Murrays Hausgecko 
SynonymHemidacylus [sic] murrayi GLEADOW 1887
Hemidactylus murrayi — MAHONY 2011 (inc. sed.)
Hemidactylus murrayi — LAJMI et al. 2016 
DistributionW India, Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia (and Borneo)

Type locality: Pimpri, Gujarat, India  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: lost or unknown (Mahony 2011, Mirza & Raju 2017); not in BMNH or ZSI; not mentioned in original description. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Digits quite free; free distal joints of digits long ; dorsal tubercles strongly keeled; not more than 8 lamellae under the inner toe and 11 under the median toe; 5(4—6) lamellae under the inner, and 8 (7—9) tinder the median toe. Tubercles in 16—20 (14—22) longitudinal series. Males with 6 — 8 femoral pores on each side.
Color grey, with several dark bands across the back, the bands shaped somewhat like two crescents back to back, thus X- Markings frequently variable or indistinct. A dark streak from nostril to eye, with three others diverging behind the orbit, the upper one sometimes produced over the shoulder; under parts white; tail banded. Length — Head and body 65 mm. (2| in), tail 75 mm. (3 in). The above description is taken from 24 specimens, 8 males and 16 females.” (from Gleadow 1887).

Diagnosis (murrayi clade). The Hemidactylus murrayi clade is known from scattered localities across peninsular India (Fig. 1) besides being presumably introduced across southeast Asia (Bauer et al. 2010b; Lajmi et al. 2016). This group contains six species; H. chipkali, H. murrayi, H. treutleri, a divergent unnamed lineage from Maharashtra, H. chikhaldaraensis sp. nov. and H. sankariensis sp. nov. (both species described below). The H. murrayi clade can be diagnosed by an SVL of 50.8–74.2 mm, dorsal tuberculation that includes strongly keeled tubercles in 13–19 more or less regular longitudinal rows, a series of 6–15 femoral pores separated by 4–8 scales, two or three postcloacal spurs, an irregular dorsal colour pattern of dark spots or broken markings, some lighter markings on brown ground colouration, and a banded tail (from Agarwal et al. 2019: 443). 
CommentSynonymy: previously synonymized with H. brooki but revalidated by Lajmi et al. 2016. The status remains unclear because the types are lost.

Distribution: see map in LAJMI et al. 2016.

Similar species: H. brooki

 
EtymologyNamed after James A. Murray, a British Zoologist who was a Member of the Bombay Natural History Society and Anthropological Society of Bombay, a manager at the Victoria Natural History Institute and curator at the Kurrachee (now Karachi, Pakistan) Municipal Library and Museum.  
References
  • AGARWAL, ISHAN;AARON M. BAUER, VARAD B. GIRI & AKSHAY KHANDEKAR 2019. An expanded ND2 phylogeny of the brookii and prashadi groups with the description of three new Indian Hemidactylus Oken (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 4619 (3): 431–458 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S.R.; A. Kalaimani, P. Karthik, N. Baskaran, R. Nagarajan & S.R.Chandramouli 2018. Herpetofauna of Southern Eastern Ghats, India – II From Western Ghats to Coromandel Coast Asian Journal of Conservation Biology, July 2018. Vol. 7 No. 1, pp. 28-45
  • Gleadow, F. 1887. Description of a new lizard from the Dangs. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 2:49-51 - get paper here
  • Lajmi, Aparna; Varad B. Giri & K. Praveen Karanth 2016. Molecular data in conjunction with morphology help resolve the Hemidactylus brookii complex (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Org Divers Evol, DOI 10.1007/s13127-016-0271-9 - get paper here
  • Mahony, Stephen 2011. Taxonomic revision of Hemidactylus brookii Gray: a re-examination of the type series and some Asian synonyms, and a discussion of the obscure species Hemidactylus subtriedrus Jerdon (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 3042: 37–67 - get paper here
  • Mirza ZA, Raju D. 2017. A new rupicolous species of gecko of the genus Hemidactylus Oken, 1817 from the Satpura Hills, Central India. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 11(1) [General Section]: 51–71 (e137) - get paper here
  • Patel, Harshil; and Raju Vyas 2019. Reptiles of Gujarat, India: Updated Checklist, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Herpetology Notes 12: 765-777 - get paper here
  • Patel, Harshil; Raju Vyas, Vaibhav Naik, Bhautik Dudhatra & Shantilal K. Tank 2018. Herpetofauna of the Northern Western Ghats of Gujarat, India. Zoology and Ecology, DOI: 10.1080/21658005.2018.1499237 - get paper here
 
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