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Hemidactylus murrayi GLEADOW, 1887

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Common NamesE: Murray’s House Gecko
G: Murrays Halbfingergecko, Murrays Hausgecko 
SynonymHemidacylus [sic] murrayi GLEADOW 1887
Hemidactylus murrayi — MAHONY 2011 (inc. sed.)
Hemidactylus murrayi — LAJMI et al. 2016 
DistributionW India, Myanmar, Peninsular Malaysia (and Borneo)

Type locality: Pimpri, Gujarat, India  
TypesHolotype: lost or unknown (Mahony 2011, Mirza & Raju 2017) 
CommentSynonymy: previously synonymized with H. brooki but revalidated by Lajmi et al. 2016. The status remains unclear because the types are lost.

Distribution: see map in LAJMI et al. 2016.

Similar species: H. brooki

Diagosis: Digits quite free; free distal joints of digits long ; dorsal tubercles strongly keeled; not more than 8 lamellae under the inner toe and 11 under the median toe; 5(4—6) lamellae under the inner, and 8 (7—9) tinder the median toe. Tubercles in 16—20 (14—22) longitudinal series. Males with 6 — 8 femoral pores on each side.
Color grey, with several dark bands across the back, the bands shaped somewhat like two crescents back to back, thus X- Markings frequently variable or indistinct. A dark streak from nostril to eye, with three others diverging behind the orbit, the upper one sometimes produced over the shoulder; under parts white; tail banded. Length — Head and body 65 mm. (2| in), tail 75 mm. (3 in). The above description is taken from 24 specimens, 8 males and 16 females.” (from Gleadow 1887)

Types: not in BMNH or ZSI; not mentioned in original description. 
EtymologyNamed after James A. Murray, a British Zoologist who was a Member of the Bombay Natural History Society and Anthropological Society of Bombay, a manager at the Victoria Natural History Institute and curator at the Kurrachee (now Karachi, Pakistan) Municipal Library and Museum.  
  • Gleadow, F. 1887. Description of a new lizard from the Dangs. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 2:49-51 - get paper here
  • Lajmi, Aparna; Varad B. Giri & K. Praveen Karanth 2016. Molecular data in conjunction with morphology help resolve the Hemidactylus brookii complex (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Org Divers Evol, DOI 10.1007/s13127-016-0271-9 - get paper here
  • Mahony, Stephen 2011. Taxonomic revision of Hemidactylus brookii Gray: a re-examination of the type series and some Asian synonyms, and a discussion of the obscure species Hemidactylus subtriedrus Jerdon (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). Zootaxa 3042: 37–67 - get paper here
  • Mirza ZA, Raju D. 2017. A new rupicolous species of gecko of the genus Hemidactylus Oken, 1817 from the Satpura Hills, Central India. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 11(1) [General Section]: 51–71 (e137) - get paper here
  • Patel, Harshil; Raju Vyas, Vaibhav Naik, Bhautik Dudhatra & Shantilal K. Tank 2018. Herpetofauna of the Northern Western Ghats of Gujarat, India. Zoology and Ecology, DOI: 10.1080/21658005.2018.1499237 - get paper here
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