You are here » home advanced search Hemidactylus turcicus

Hemidactylus turcicus (LINNAEUS, 1758)

IUCN Red List - Hemidactylus turcicus - Least Concern, LC

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Sauria (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Mediterranean House Gecko, Turkish Gecko
G: Europäischer Halbfingergecko 
SynonymLacerta turcica LINNAEUS 1758: 202
Lacerta turcica LINNAEUS 1766 (fide SCHLEICH et al.)
Gecus cyanodactylus RAFINESQUE-SCHMALTZ 1810: 9
Gecko meridionalis RISSO 1826: 87
Hemidactylus robustus HEYDEN 1827
Gecko verruculatus CUVIER 1829: 54
Gecko verruculatus — CUVIER 1831: 146
Gecko verrucosus GRAY 1831: 50 (in error)
Hemidactylus verruculatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 359
Hemidactylus karachiensis MURRAY 1884
Hemidactylus turcicus — BÖTTGER 1885
Hemidactylus turcicus — BOULENGER 1885: 126
Hemidactylus exsul BARBOUR & COLE 1906: 148
Hemidactylus turcicus spinalis BUCHHOLZ 1954
Hemidactylus turcicus — STEBBINS 1985: 113
Hemidactylus robustus — LANZA 1990
Hemidactylus turcicus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 417
Hemidactylus turcicus — KLUGE 1993
Hemidactylus turcicus — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Hemidactylus turcicus — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 236
Hemidactylus turcicus — KÖHLER 2000: 48
Hemidactylus robustus — SINDACO et al. 2007
Hemidactylus robustus — SINDACO et al. 2009
Hemidactylus cf. turcicus — SINDACO et al. 2014 
DistributionPortugal, Spain (introduced to Mallorca, Menorca, Ibiza, Formentera, Cabrera), France, Italy (incl. Lampedusa island, Elba, Sardinia), Albania, Greece, (incl. Kalymnos, Paros, Antiparos, Despotiko, Lesbos, Chios, Limnos, Samos, Samothraki, Milos, Tinos, Corfu, Cyprus), Malta, costal Croatia (except W Istria), Montenegro, Adriatic islands, Turkey

N Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Israel, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Lebanon, Jordan, Syria, N Sudan, N Yemen (Socotra Archipelago), Somalia, Eritrea, Kenya,
S Iran, Iraq, Oman, Saudi Arabia (incl. Farasan Islands)

Pakistan, India,

Balearic Islands (Island Addaya Grande), Mediterranean Sea, Canary Islands (introduced to Gran Canaria and Tenerife),
Red Sea,

Panama, Puerto Rico, Belize ? (P. Stafford, pers. comm.)
Introduced to Mexico (Baja California [HR 31: 254], Chihuahua [HR 32: 276], Durango [HR 32: 276], Nuevo Leon, Yucatan; Tamaulipas, Aguascalientes),
Cuba (introduced),
Introduced to S USA (Louisiana, Alabama, Texas [HR 32: 57], Arizona, Florida (BARBOUR 1936), Arkansas [HR 30: 110; 21: 22], Mississippi [KEISER 1984], South Carolina [HR 31: 53], Georgia [HR 14: 27-28], Kansas [J. Kansas Herpetol. 19: 8] Oklahoma, Virginia, Maryland, California [CROTHER 2000], Nevada [HR 24: 154], New Mexico [HR 23: 62])

parkeri: Zanzibar (introduced?), Eritrea and Dahlak islands, Somalia (LANZA 1983)

Type locality: “Oriente” [= Asian Turkey fide (Mertens and Müller 1928, 1940, KHAN 2005]; Smith and Taylor (1950a,b) restricted the type locality to Cairo, Egypt, without providing any explanation. Schmidt (1953) and Moravec et al. 2011 proposed “Asiatic Turkey” as the type locality. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: Unlocated (Anderson 1999, Baha El Din 2005) 
CommentSynonymy mostly after KLUGE 1993, but als Rösler & Glaw 2010. Lanza (1978) removed Hemidactylus parkeri from the synonymy of H. puccionii. ARNOLD 1980 downgraded Hemidactylus parkeri to Hemidactylus turcicus parkeri. Sindaco (pers. comm.) considers Hemidactylus turcicus parkeri LOVERIDGE 1936 as a synonym of H. robustus. Moravec & Böhme (1997) mentioned Hemidactylus robustus as valid species. See also note in RÖSLER 2000: 88. Van den Berg et al. (2013) rejected the subspecific status of H. t. spinalis. Hemidactylus granosus HEYDEN 1827: 17 has been removed from the synonymy of H. turcicus by ŠMID et al. 2013.

Distribution: Not listed for Somalia by LANZA 1990. Not listed for Belize by KÖHLER (2000). For a discussion of variants living on Socotra see RÖSLER & WRANIK (2004). It is likely that all records of this species in Iran actually are referred to H. robustus (Bauer, et al., 2006; Sindaco and Jeremčenko, 2008). 
References
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391
  • Al-Shammari, Ahmed M. 2012. Additional Records of Lizards in Ha'il Province, Saudi Arabia. Russ. J. Herpetol. 19 (4): 287-291 - get paper here
  • Anderson, John 1896. A Contribution to the Herpetology of Arabia, with a preliminary list of the reptiles and batrachians of Egypt. London, R. H. Porter, 124 pp.
  • Anderson, Steven C 1999. The lizards of Iran. Contributions to Herpetology Volume 15, Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles, Saint Louis, Missouri: i-vii, 1-442 [review in Copeia 2000 (4): 1144]
  • Arnold E N 1980. The scientific results of the Oman flora and fauna survey 1977 (Dhofar). The reptiles and amphibians of Dhofar, southern Arabia. JOURNAL OF OMAN STUDIES SPECIAL REPORT (No. 2): 273-332 - get paper here
  • Arnold E N 1986. A key and annotated checklist to the lizards and amphisbaenians of Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 8: 385-435
  • Baha El Din, Sherif M. 2005. An overview of Egyptian species of Hemidactylus (Gekkonidae), with the description of a new species from the high mountains of South Sinai. Zoology in the Middle East 34: 11-26 - get paper here
  • Baier, F.; Sparrow, D.J. & Wiedl, H.J. 2009. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Cyprus. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt/M., ca. 370 pp.
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Barbour, T., and L. J. Cole. 1906. Vertebrata from Yucatan. Reptilia, Amphibia and Pisces. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 50: 146-159 - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1936. Two introduced lizards in Miami, Florida. Copeia 1936 (2): 113 - get paper here
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
  • Bauer, A. M.; T. R. Jackman, E. Greenbaum & T. Gamble 2008. Phylogenetic relationships of the Italian gekkotan fauna. Herpetologia Sardiniae (Claudia Corti, ed.), Edizioni Belvedere, 504 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M. 2000. How far north would the gecko move if the gecko could move north?. Herpetological Review 31 (2): 73 - get paper here
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Todd R. Jackman, Eli Greenbaum, Varad B. Giri, Anslem de Silva 2010. South Asia supports a major endemic radiation of Hemidactylus geckos. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 57 (1): 343-352 - get paper here
  • Berg, M.P. van den & Zawadzki, M. & Kroniger, M. 2013. Herpetological trip to Menorca (Balearics, Spain): April 30 till May 11, 2012. http://www.lacerta.de/AS/Artikel.php?Article=162 - get paper here
  • Berg, P. & Berg, R. 2010. Herpetologische Eindrücke von der Mittelmeerinsel Ile du Levant, Südfrankreich. Elaphe 18 (4): 54-61
  • Bird, C. G. 1936. The distribution of reptiles and amphibians in Asiatic Turkey with notes on a collection from the Vilayets of Adana, Gaziantep and Malatya. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (10) 18: 257-281.
  • Bogosian, Victor; Eric C. Hellgren, and Raymond W. Moody 2012. Assemblages of Amphibians, Reptiles, and Mammals on an Urban Military Base in Oklahoma. Southwestern Naturalist 57 (3): 277-284. - get paper here
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1891. Catalogue of the reptiles and batrachians of Barbary (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia), based chiefly upon the notes and collections made in 1880-1884 by M. Fernand Lataste. Tr. Zool. Soc. 13: 93-164
  • Broggi, Mario F. 1978. Herpetologische Beobachtungen auf der Insel Lesbos (Griechenland). Salamandra 14 (4): 161-171
  • Buchholz, K. F. 1954. Ein neuer Hemidactylus von den Balearen (Rept. Geckonidae). Bonner Zoologische Beiträge, 5:68. - get paper here
  • Burke, Russell L. 1996. Geographic Distribution. Hemidactylus turcicus. Herpetological Review 27 (1): 32 - get paper here
  • Busack, Stephen D.; Salvador, Alfredo 1984. New data on the distribution of four reptile species in the Cadiz Province. Donana (Acta Vertebrata) 11 (2): 322-325
  • Carbajal-Márquez, Rubén Alonso, Gustavo Quintero-Díaz, Zaira Yaneth González-Saucedo and Martín Lara 2013. Geographic Distribution: Hemidactylus turcicus (Mediterranean gecko). Herpetological Review 44 (4): 626
  • Carman, E. N., G. W. Ferguson, W. H. Gehrmann, T. C. Chen and M. F. Holick. 2000. Photobiosynthetic opportunity and ability for UV-B generated vitamin D synthesis in free-living house geckos (Hemidactylus turcicus) and Texas spiny lizards (Sceloporus olivaceus). Copeia 2000 (1): 245-250 - get paper here
  • Carranza, S., Arnold, E. Nicholas 2012. A review of the geckos of the genus Hemidactylus (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Oman based on morphology, mitochondrial and nuclear data, with descriptions of eight new species. Zootaxa 3378: 1–95 - get paper here
  • Conant, Roger 1955. Notes on three Texas reptiles, including an addition to the fauna of the state. American Museum Novitates (1726): 1-6 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Cooper Jr., W.E. 2005. Duration of movement as a lizard foraging movement variable. Herpetologica 61 (4): 363-372 - get paper here
  • CUNNINGHAM, P. 2009. A contribution to the reptiles of the Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia. Afr. Herp News (50): 21-24
  • Cuvier, G. 1831. The Animal Kingdom arranged in conformity with its organization, by the Baron Cuvier, ... with additional descriptions of all the species hitherto named, and of many not before noticed, by Edward Griffith... and others. Vol. 9. Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London, 481 pp. - get paper here
  • Cuvier, G. J. L. N. F. D. 1829. Le Regne Animal Distribué, d'apres son Organisation, pur servir de base à l'Histoire naturelle des Animaux et d'introduction à l'Anatomie Comparé. Nouvelle Edition [second edition]. Vol. 2. Les Reptiles. Déterville, Paris, i-xvi, 1-406 - get paper here
  • Damhoureyeh, S.A.; Qarqaz, M.A.; Baker, M.A.; Himdan, N.; Eid, E. & Amr, Z.S. 2009. Reptiles and Amphibians in Dibbeen Nature Reserve, Jordan. Vertebrate Zoology 59 (2): 169 – 177
  • Davis, W.K. 1974. The Mediterranean gecko, Hemidactylus turcicus in Texas. Journal of Herpetology 8 (1): 77-80 - get paper here
  • Degenhardt, William G.; C. W. Painter, and A. H. Price 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of New Mexico. Univ. New Mexico Press, 431 pp.
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Dowling, Richard G. 1996. The Mediterranean Gecko, Hemidactylus turcicus, in Prattville, Alabama. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 21 (11): 203 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M. C. and G. Bibron. 1836. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol.3. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 528 pp. - get paper here
  • Dundee, H. A. 1984. Hemidactylus turcicus (Mediterranean gecko). Herpetological Review 15 (1): 20 - get paper here
  • Engelmann,W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
  • Etheridge, Richard E. 1952. The Warty Gecko, Hemidactylus turcicus turcicus (Linnaeus), in New Orleans, Louisiana. Copeia 1952 (1): 47-48 - get paper here
  • Farallo, Vincent R.; Swanson, Romey L.; Hood, Glen R.; Troy, Jeff R.; Forstner, Michael R.J. 2009. New county records for the Mediterranean house gecko (Hemidactylus turcicus) in Central Texas, with comments on human-mediated dispersal. Applied Herpetology 6(2):196-198
  • Farr, William L. 2013. Geographic Distribution: Hemidactylus turcicus (Mediterranean gecko). Herpetological Review 44 (2): 273
  • Farr, William L. 2014. Hemidactylus turcicus, 15 new county records from southeast Texas, USA. Herpetological Review 45 (1): 101-102
  • Ferreira, J. Bethencourt 1898. Reptis de Timor no Museu de Lisboa. Jorn. Sci. Math. Phys. Nat. (2) 5 (19): 151-156
  • Filella, Eduard 2011. Rècord meridional d’Hemidactylus turcicus per Tunísia. Bull. Soc. Catalana d’Herp. 19 - get paper here
  • Franklin, Carl J. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Hemidactylus turcicus. Herpetological Review 28 (2): 96 - get paper here
  • Frick, Michael G. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Hemidactylus turcicus. Herpetological Review 28 (1): 50 - get paper here
  • Gervais, Paul 1836. Enumération de quelques espèces de reptiles provenant de Barbarie. Ann. Sci. Nat. (2) VI: 308-313 - get paper here
  • Gholamifard, Ali and Nasrullah Rastegar-Pouyani 2011. Distribution of Hemidactylus geckos (Reptilia, Gekkonidae) in Fars Province, Southern Iran. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 5 (1): 1-6 - get paper here
  • Gibbons, Whit; Judy Greene, and Tony Mills 2009. LIZARDS AND CROCODILIANS OF THE SOUTHEAST. University of Georgia Press, 240 pp.
  • Goodward, David M., Brendan Cummings and Michael Wilcox 2005. Geographic Distribution: Hemidactylus turcicus (Mediterranean House Gecko). Herpetological Review 36 (2):199. - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1831. A synopsis of the species of Class Reptilia. In: Griffith, E & E. Pidgeon: The animal kingdom arranged in conformity with its organisation by the Baron Cuvier with additional descriptions of all the species hither named, and of many before noticed [V Whittaker, Treacher and Co., London: 481 + 110 pp. [1830]
  • Gruber, U. 1974. Zur Taxonomie und Okologie der Reptilien von der Insel Antikythira. Salamandra 10 (1): 31-41 - get paper here
  • Gruber,U. & Fuchs,D. 1977. Die Herpetofauna des Paros-Archipels (Zentral-Ägäis). Salamandra 13 (2): 60-77
  • Hardy, Laurence M., Amanda C. Crnkovic and Larry R. Raymond 2005. Geographic Distribution: Hemidactylus turcicus (Mediterranean House Gecko). Herpetological Review 36 (2):199. - get paper here
  • Hare, A. 2006. Exotic lizard discovered in Kansas. Journal of Kansas Herpetology 19:9 - get paper here
  • Haupt, M. & Pickl, A. 2005. Der Europäische Halbfingergecko (Hemidactylus turcicus). Reptilia (Münster) 10 (55): 60-62 - get paper here
  • Henniger & Black 1987. Bull. Oklahoma Herp. Soc. 12: 20
  • Heyden, C. H. G. von. 1827. Reptilien. In Rüppell, E. Atlas zu Reise im nördlichen Afrika. l. Zoologie. H. L. Brönner, Frankfurt a. M., pp. 1-24 - get paper here
  • Hraoui-Bloquet, S.; Sadek, R.A.; Sindaco, R. & Venchi, A. 2002. The herpetofauna of Lebanon: new data on distribution. Zoology in the Middle East 27: 35-46 - get paper here
  • Husak, Jerry F. 1996. Geographic Distribution. Hemidactylus turcicus. Herpetological Review 27 (4): 211 - get paper here
  • Ibrahim, Adel A. 2007. Ecology of the Mediterranean Gecko, Hemidactylus turcicus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Reptilia: Gekkonidae), in North Sinai, Egypt. Zoology in the Middle East 41: 41-54. - get paper here
  • Ibrahim, Adel A. 2013. The Herpetology of the Suez Canal Zone, Egypt. Vertebrate Zoology 63 (1): 87–110 - get paper here
  • Irschick, D.J. Austin, C.C.; Petren, K.; Fisher, R.N.; Losos, J.B. & Ellers, O. 1996. A comparative analysis of clinging ability among pad-bearing lizards. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 59: 21-35 - get paper here
  • Jablonski, Daniel 2011. Reptiles and amphibians of Albania with new records and notes on occurrence and distribution. Acta Soc. Zool. Bohem. 75: 223–238 - get paper here
  • Jadin, Robert C.; Coleman, Jessica L. 2007. New county records of the Mediterranean house gecko (Hemidactylus turcicus) in northeastern Texas, with comments on range expansion. Applied Herpetology 4 (1): 90-94
  • Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
  • Jensen, Steve L.;George, Steven G. 1993. Hemidactylus turcicus (Mediterranean gecko). USA: Louisiana. Herpetological Review 24 (4): 154 - get paper here
  • Johnson, J.B.; McBrayer, L.D. & Saenz, D. 2005. ALLOMETRY, SEXUAL SIZE DIMORPHISM, AND NICHE PARTITIONING IN THE MEDITERRANEAN GECKO (HEMIDACTYLUS TURCICUS). Southwestern Naturalist 50 (4): 435-439 - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Jongbloed, M. 2000. Field Guide to the reptiles and amphibians of the UAE - Wild about reptiles. Barkers Trident Communications, 116 pp.
  • Kasapidis, Panagiotis;Provatidou, Sofia;Maragou, Panagiota;Valakos, Efstratios D. 1996. Neue Daten über die Herpetofauna von Lesbos (ägäische Inseln, Griechenland) und einige biogeographische Bemerkungen über die Inseln des nordöstlichen ägäischen Archipels. Salamandra 32 (3): 171-180
  • Kasparek, M. 1990. Zur Herpetofauna des Beckens von Köycegiz, Türkei (Dalyan-Region). Salamandra 26 (2/3): 155-164
  • Keiser, E.D., Jr. 1984. J. Mississippi Acad. Sci. 29: 17-18
  • Khan, M.S. 2005. Hemidactylus geckos of Pakistan. Reptilia (GB) (43): 71-78 - get paper here
  • Khan, M.S. 2013. An Addition to Geckos of the Genus Hemidactylus Oken 1817 in Pakistan, with Notes on Morphology, Ecology and Distribution of Species. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 48(10):130-134
  • Kinney, Clint; Terry Sylvester, Andrea DeStories, Kyra Savoy, Anita Morris, Gerald Ramelow, Mark Mer 2008. The Mediterranean Gecko as a sentinel to evaluate heavy metal exposure. Herp. Cons. Biol. 3: 247
  • Kluge A G 1993. Gekkonoid Lizard Taxonomy. International Gecko Society, San Diego, 245 pp.
  • Knight, C. Michael 1993. A northern range extension of Hemidactylus turcicus in the United States. Dactylus 2 (2): 49-50
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Konecny, Pavel 2002. Natural History and Captive Husbandry of the Turkish Gecko, Hemidactylus turcicus Gekko 2 (2): 19-20
  • Krecsak, Laszlo. 2008. The Mediterranean House Gecko by Lajos Méhely in the unpublished Herpetologia Hungarica. Bibliotheca Herpetologica 8 (1):5 - get paper here
  • KRYSKO, K.L. AND KEIDRA J. DANIELS 2005. A Key to the Geckos (Sauria: Gekkonidae) of Florida. Caribbean Journal of Science 41 (1): 28-36 - get paper here
  • Kwet, A. 2010. Reptilien und Amphibien Europas. Kosmos-Verlag, Stuttgart, 252 pp.
  • Lambert, M.R.K. 1987. Notes on reptiles in Cyprus. British Herpetological Society Bulletin (21): 26-28
  • Lanza, B. 1990. Amphibians and reptiles of the Somali Democratic Republic: check list and biogeography. Biogeographia, 14: 407-465 [1988]
  • Lanza,B. 1983. A list of the Somali amphibians and reptiles. MONITORE ZOOLOGICO ITALIANO, new Ser., SUPPL. 18 (8): 193-247
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The amphibians and reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Comstock, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 500 pp.
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • Livo, Lauren J.; Hammerson, Geoffrey A.; Smith, Hobart M. 1998. Summary of amphibians and reptiles introduced into Colorado. Northwestern Naturalist 79(1):1-11
  • Locey, Kenneth J and Paul A Stone 2008. Ontogenetic Factors Affecting Diffusion Dispersal in the Introduced Mediterranean Gecko, Hemidactylus turcicus. Journal of Herpetology 42 (4): 593 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1936. New geckos of the genus Hemidactylus from Zanzibar and Manda Islands. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 49:59-62 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1947. Revision of the African lizards of the family Gekkondiae. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 98: 1-469 - get paper here
  • Malkmus, R. 1982. Beitrag zur Verbreitung der Amphibien und Reptilien in Portugal. Salamandra 18 (3-4): 218-299.
  • Malkmus, Rudolf 1996. Neue Daten zur Verbreitung von Hemidactylus turcicus (Linnaeus, 1758) in Portugal (Squamata: Sauria: Gekkonidae). Herpetozoa 9 (1/2): 83¡85 - get paper here
  • Malkmus,R. 1995. Die Amphibien und Reptilien Portugals, Madeiras und der Azoren. Die Neue Brehm-Bücherei, Bd. 621. Westarp Wissenschaften (Magdeburg)/Spektrum Akademischer Verlag (Heidelberg)
  • Martin, Plul S. 1958. A biogeography of reptiles and amphibians in the Gomez Farias Region, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (101): 1-102 + 7 plates - get paper here
  • McCallum, Malcolm L. and Jamie L. McCallum. 2014. Ecological release of an exotic species upon suppression of its invasive predator: A five-year case study, with notes on other species, and the life history of the Mediterranean Gecko, Hemidactylus turcicus. The Journal of North American Herpetology 2014(1):21-27 - get paper here
  • McCoid, Michael James;Hensley, Rebecca A. 1997. Hemidactylus turcicus (Mediterranean Gecko). Intraspecific interactions. Herpetological Review 28 (4): 203 - get paper here
  • McCoy, C. J. 1970. Hemidactylus turcicus. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 87. - get paper here
  • Means, Ryan C. 1999. Geographic distribution. Hemidactylus turcicus. Herpetological Review 30 (1): 52 - get paper here
  • Meshaka Jr., Walter E. 2011. A RUNAWAY TRAIN IN THE MAKING: THE EXOTIC AMPHIBIANS, REPTILES, TURTLES, AND CROCODILIANS OF FLORIDA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 6 (Monograph 1): 1-101 - get paper here
  • Meshaka, Jr., W.E., Marshall, S.D.; Boundy, J. & Williams, A.A. 2006. Status and geographic expansion of the Mediterranean gecko, Hemidactylus turcicus, in Louisiana: implications fro the Southeastern United States. Herp. Cons. Biol. 1 (1): 45-50
  • Meyer, A. 1985. Die Reptilienfauna des südlichen Peleponnes Sauria 7 (1): 13-16 - get paper here
  • Moravec, Jiri & Böhme, Wolfgang 1997. A new subspecies of the Mediterranean gecko, Hemidactylus turcicus from the Syrian lava desert. (Squamata: Sauria: Gekkonidae). Herpetozoa 10 (3-4): 121-128 - get paper here
  • MORAVEC, JIŘÍ; LUKÁŠ KRATOCHVÍL, ZUAIR S. AMR, DAVID JANDZIK, JIŘÍ ŠMÍD, & VÁCLAV GVOŽDÍ 2011. High genetic differentiation within the Hemidactylus turcicus complex (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) in the Levant, with comments on the phylogeny and systematics of the genus. Zootaxa 2894: 21–38 - get paper here
  • Mount, R.H. 1975. The reptiles and amphibians of Alabama. Agric. Experiment Station, Auburn Univ., Auburn, Alabama 345 pp. - get paper here
  • Müller, P.M. 2006. Die griechische Dracheninsel-Hardune (Laudakia stellio) auf Rhodos mit einer Anmerkung zu Hemidactylus turcicus als möglichen Predator für Mesobuthus gibbosus anatolicus [Skorpion]. Iguana-Rundschreiben 19 (2): 12-15
  • Murray,J.A. 1884. The Vertebrate Zoology of Sind. London (Richardso) & Bombay, 424 pp.
  • Mutz, T.; Mutz, M. & Obst, F.-J. 1999. Herpetologische Impressionen von Sardinien. Elaphe 7 (3): 76-80
  • Neill, W.T.C. 1951. The Type Locality of the Mediterranean Gecko, Hemidactylus t. turcicus (Linnaeus)The Type Locality of the Mediterranean Gecko, Hemidactylus t. turcicus (Linnaeus). Copeia 1951 (4): 311 - get paper here
  • Pajak, Kevin W. C.; McCord, John S., Jr. 1993. Hemidactylus turcicus (Mediterranean Gecko). USA: Texas. Herpetological Review 24 (2): 66 - get paper here
  • Parker, H. W. 1942. The lizards of British Somaliland. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 91: 1—101 - get paper here
  • Paulissen, Mark A. & Buchanan 1990. Herpetological Review 21: 22 - get paper here
  • Pinya, Samuel and Miguel A. Carretero. 2011. The Balearic herpetofauna: a species update and review on the evidence. Acta Herpetologica 6 (1): 59-80 - get paper here
  • Proudfoot, Glenn;McCoid, Michael James 1996. Geographic Distribution. Hemidactylus turcicus. Herpetological Review 27 (2): 87 - get paper here
  • Rafinesque Schmaltz, C. S. 1810. Caratteri di alcuni nuovi generi e nuove specie di animali e plante della Sicilia. Sanfilippo, Palermo, 105 pp. - get paper here
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT A 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics4 (1): 7-30
  • Rato, C.; S. Carranza, D.J. Harris 2011. When selection deceives phylogeographic interpretation: The case of the Mediterranean house gecko, Hemidactylus turcicus (Linnaeus, 1758). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 58: 365–373 - get paper here
  • Ray, John;Cochran, Betsy 1997. Geographic Distribution. Hemidactylus turcicus. Herpetological Review 28 (3): 157 - get paper here
  • Reid, Matthew, Charles D. Battaglia, Chris L. Rice, and John L. Carr 2014. Colonization of northern Louisiana by the Mediterranean Gecko, Hemidactylus turcicus. The Journal of North American Herpetology 2014 (1): 93-97.
  • Risso, A. 1826. Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l’Europe méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes Maritimes. Vol. 3. F.-G. Levrault, Paris - get paper here
  • Rivera, Xavier; Salvador Carranza, Fèlix Amat, Antonio Romano & Giuseppe Sotgiu 2011. On the presence of Hemidactylus turcicus (Linnaeus, 1758) in caves and mines of the island of Sardinia, Italy. Bull. Soc. Catalana d’Herp. 19 - get paper here
  • Robinson,M.D. & Romack, C.W. 1973. The Mediterranean Gecko (Hemidactylus turcicus), a species new to the herpetofauna of Arizona. Journal of Herpetology 7 (3): 311-312 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96
  • Rösler, H. & Wranik, W. 2004. A key and annotated checklist to the reptiles of the Socotra archipelago. Fauna of Arabia 20: 505-534
  • Rösler,H. & Wranik,W. 2000. Die Geckofauna des Sokotra-Archipels (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Gekkota 2: 20-27
  • Saenz, Daniel 1998. Geographic distribution. Hemidactylus turcicus. Herpetological Review 29 (3): 174 - get paper here
  • Saethre, Mary B.;Medica, Philip A. 1993. Hemidactylus turcicus (Mediterranean gecko). USA: Nevada. Herpetological Review 24 (4): 154-155 - get paper here
  • Salvi, Daniele; Pierluigi Bombi 2010. Reptiles of Sardinia: updating the knowledge on their distribution. Acta Herpetologica 5 (2): 161-178 - get paper here
  • Schleich, H.H. 1987. Contributions to the herpetology of Kouf National Park (NE-Libya) and adjacent areas. Spixiana 10 (1): 37-80. - get paper here
  • Schleich,H.H., Kästle,W., Kabisch, K. 1996. Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz, Koenigstein, 627 pp.
  • Schlüter, U. 2002. Die Reptilien und Amphibien der Kerkennah-Inseln. Elaphe 10 (2): 68-74
  • Schlüter, U. 2010. Der Herpetofauna von Symi [Griechenland]. Elaphe 18 (4): 62-67
  • Schlüter, U. 2012. The Rock. Die Herpetofauna Gibraltars. Reptilia (Münster) 17 (94): 93-101 - get paper here
  • Schlüter, Uwe 2010. Die Herpetofauna von Gozo, Comino und Satelliteninseln. Draco 11 (42): 26-33
  • Schmid, A. 2013. Im Hochsommer nach Sardinien. Reptilia (Münster) 18 (102): 89-93 - get paper here
  • Schneider, B. 1983. Zur Herpetofauna der Inseln Kalymnos undTelentos (Dodekanes, Ägäis). Salamandra 19 (1/2): 61-70
  • Schneider,B. 1986. Zur Herpetofauna der Insel Limnos (Hellespontische Inseln, Nordägäis, Griechenland). Salamandra 22 (4): 276-280
  • Schwartz,A. & Henderson,R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Sehnal, P. & Schuster, A. 1999. Herpetologische Beobachtungen auf der Kvarnerinsel Cres, Kroatien. Ergebnisse von fünf Exkursionen. Herpetozoa 12 (3/4): 163-178 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R., Razzetti E., Ziliani U., Wasonga V., Carugati C., Fasola M. 2007. A New Species of Hemidactylus from Lake Turkana, Northern Kenya (Squamata: Gekkonidae). Acta Herpetologica 2 (1): 37-48
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Alberto Venchi, Giuseppe M. Carpaneto, Marco A. Bologna 2000. The Reptiles of Anatolia: a Checklist and Zoogeographical analysis. Biogeographia, 21-2000: 441-554.
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Riccardo Nincheri, Benedetto Lanza 2014. Catalogue of Arabian reptiles in the collections of the “La Specola” Museum, Florence. Scripta Herpetologica. Studies on Amphibians and Reptiles in honour of Benedetto Lanza: pp. 137-164 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, Roberto; Ugo Ziliani; Edoardo Razzetti; Caterina Carugati; Cristina Grieco; Fabio Pupin; Ba 2009. A misunderstood new gecko of the genus Hemidactylus from Socotra Island, Yemen (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) . Acta Herpetologica 4 (1): 83-98 - get paper here
  • Šmíd J, Moravec J, Kratochvíl L, Gvoždík V, Nasher AK, Busais SM, Wilms T, Shobrak MY, Carranza S 2013. Two newly recognized species of Hemidactylus (Squamata, Gekkonidae) from the Arabian Peninsula and Sinai, Egypt. ZooKeys 355: 79–107 - get paper here
  • Šmíd, Jiří; Salvador Carranza, Lukáš Kratochvíl, Václav Gvoždík, Abdul Karim Nasher, Jiří Moravec 2013. Out of Arabia: A Complex Biogeographic History of Multiple Vicariance and Dispersal Events in the Gecko Genus Hemidactylus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae). PLoS ONE 8(5): e64018 - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M. 1935. Miscellaneous notes on Mexican lizards. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 22: 119-156 - get paper here
  • Smith, J. R.;Thornton, Okla W., Jr;Dixon, James R. 1996. Geographic Distribution. Hemidactylus turcicus. Herpetological Review 27 (1): 32 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S. & Rotich, D. 1997. An annotated checklist of the lizards of Kenya. J. East African Nat. Hist. 86: 61-83 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Steindachner,Franz 1903. Batrachier und Reptilien von Südarabien und Sokotra, gesammelt während der südarabischen Expedition der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften. Sitzungsb. Akad. Wiss. Wien, math.-naturwiss. Kl., 112, Abt. 1: 7-14 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1953. Fourth contribution to the herpetology of San Luis Potosí. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 35 (13): 1587-1614 - get paper here
  • Thawley, Christopher J. . 2010. Geographic distribution: Hemidactylus turcicus. Herpetological Review 41 (3): 378
  • Tóth, Tamás, László Krecsák, Thomas Madsen and Beáta Újvári 2002. Herpetofaunal locality records on the Greek Islands of Corfu (Amphibia, Reptilia). Herpetozoa 15 (3/4):149-169 - get paper here
  • Trapp, B. 2005. Das Haus in Kotronas. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (53): 40-45 - get paper here
  • Trapp, B. 2007. Reptilien und Amphibien des griechischen Festlandes. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 300 pp. - get paper here
  • Trapp, Benny 2010. Artenmarathon auf Sardinien. Draco 11 (42): 54-64
  • Trout, L.;Schwaner, T.D. 1994. Allozyme evidence for insularity in exotic populations of the mediterranean gecko (Hemidactylus turcicus). Journal of Herpetology 28 (3): 391-393 - get paper here
  • UGURTAS¸ Ismail HAKKI; HIKMET SAMI YILDIRIMHAN & Murat Sevinc 2007. Distribution of the Gekkonidae Species in Southeast Anatolia, Turkey, and New Localities. Turkish Journal of Zoology 31: 137-141 - get paper here
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Tr 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • van der Kooij, Jeroen 2001. The herpetofauna of the Sultanate of Oman: Part 2: the geckoes. Podarcis 1 (4): 105-120
  • Vaughan, R. Kathryn 1993. Hemidactylus turcicus (Mediterranean Gecko). USA: Texas. Herpetological Review 24 (2): 66-67 - get paper here
  • Vázquez Díaz, Joel;Quintero Díaz, Gustavo E. 2005. Anfibios y Reptiles de Aguascalientes [2nd ed.]. CONABIO, CIEMA, 318 pp.
  • Vervust, B. et al. 2009. DISTRIBUTION OF REPTILES AND AMPHIBIANS IN THE NATURE PARK LASTOVO ARCHIPELAGO: POSSIBLE UNDERLYING BIOTIC AND ABIOTIC CAUSES. Nat. Croat. 18 (1): 113-127
  • Vigni, F.L. & Licata, F. 2006. Hemidactylus turcicus - The Turkish gecko in the wild and in captivity. Reptilia (GB) (48): 73-76 - get paper here
  • Watkins-Colwell, Gregory J.;Watkins-Colwell, Kellie A.;Smith, Hobart M. 1996. Geographic Distribution. Hemidactylus turcicus. Herpetological Review 27 (3): 152 - get paper here
  • Werner, Yehudah L. 2008. Tales of Tails Gekko 5 (2): 6-18
  • Williams, Avery A. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Hemidactylus turcicus. Herpetological Review 28 (2): 96 - get paper here
  • Wirth, Michael 2013. Toskana. Ein herpetologischer Überblick. Terraria Elaphe 2013 (3): 41-24 - get paper here
  • Wise, Mark A. 1993. Hemidactylus turcicus (Mediterranean gecko). USA: Florida. Herpetological Review 24 (3): 109 - get paper here
  • Yildiz M.Z.; Göcmen, B.; Akman, B. & Yalcinkaya D. 2007. New Localities for Hemidactylus turcicus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Sauria: Gekkonidae) in Anatolia, Turkey, with notes on their morphology. North-Western Journal of Zoology 3 (1): 24-33 - get paper here
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator