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Hemiergis gracilipes (STEINDACHNER, 1870)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSouth-western Mulch-skink 
SynonymHinulia gracilipes STEINDACHNER 1870: 342
Lygosoma australis GRAY 1839: 332 (non Tiliqua australis GRAY 1838)
Sphenomorphus gracilipes - COGGER 1983: 184
Glaphyromorphus australis — STORR et al. 1999
Glaphyromorphus gracilipes — COGGER 2000: 495
Hemiergis gracilipes — MECKE et al. 2009
Hemiergis gracilipes — REEDER & REICHERT 2011 
DistributionAustralia (West Australia)

Type locality: Albany, W. A., designated by Storr (1967). Original type locality "Australia”. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesNeotype: WAM R24980
Syntypes: (4), NHMW = NMW 10141 (2 specimens), ?NHMW 10140, from Australia, perhaps Rockhampton or Cape York, Qld. [Hinulia gracilipes]. 
CommentSynonymy after COGGER 1983.

Tiliqua australis Gray, 1838 and Lygosoma australis Gray, 1839, were both placed in the genus Lygosoma by Boulenger (1887), who erroneously treated Tiliqua australis as the junior secondary homonym. While it can be argued that Lygosoma australis has never been formally rejected as a junior homonym and therefore is available and has priority over Hinulia gracilipes Steindachner, 1870, under Article 59 of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature we have arbitrarily treated Lygosoma australis Gray, 1839 as a junior secondary homonym of Tiliqua australis Gray, 1838, rejected prior to 1961 (see Loveridge 1934) [fide COGGER 1983: 184]. 
References
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Gray,J.E. 1839. Catalogue of the slender-tongued saurians, with descriptions of many new genera and species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 2: 331-337 (287-293) [1838] - get paper here
  • Greer A E 1985. A new species of Sphenomorphus from northeastern Queensland. Journal of Herpetology 19 (4): 469-473 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1934. Australian reptiles in the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Bull. Mus Comp. Zool. Harvard 77: 243-383 - get paper here
  • Mecke, S; Dougherty, P. & Donnellan, S.C. 2009. A new species of Eremiascincus (Reptilia: Squamata: Scincidae) from the Great Sandy Desert and Pilbara Coast, Western Australia and reassignment of eight species from Glaphyromorphus to Eremiascincus. Zootaxa 2246: 1-20 - get paper here
  • Reeder, T.W. 2003. A phylogeny of the Australian Sphenomorphus group (Scincidae: Squamata) and the phylogenetic placement of the crocodile skinks (Tribolonotus): Bayesian approaches to assessing congruence and obtaining confidence in maximum likelihood inferred relatio Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 27: 384–397 - get paper here
  • Reeder, Tod W and Jennifer D Reichert 2011. Phylogenetic Relationships within the Australian Limb-Reduced Lizard Genus Hemiergis (Scincidae: Squamata) as Inferred from the Bayesian Analysis of Mitochondrial rRNA Gene Sequences. Copeia 2011 (1): 113-120. - get paper here
  • Skinner, Adam; Mark N. Hutchinson, Michael S.Y. Lee 2013. Phylogeny and Divergence Times of Australian Sphenomorphus Group Skinks (Scincidae, Squamata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69 (3): 906–918 - get paper here
  • Steindachner, F. 1870. Herpetologische Notizen (Il). Reptilien gesammelt Während einer Reise in Sengambien. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien, 62: 326-348. - get paper here
  • Storr, G. M.; L. A. Smith, and R. E. Johnstone 1999. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Revised Edition. Western Australian Museum
  • Storr,G.M. 1967. The genus Sphenomorphus (Lacertilia, Scincidae) in Western Australia and the Northern Territory. Roy. Sco. West. Aust. 50 (1): 10-20
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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