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Hemiphyllodactylus flaviventris SUKPRASERT, SUTTHIWISES, LAUHACHINDA & TAKSINTUM, 2018

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Yellow-bellied Dwarf Gecko
Thai Ching Chok Khao Sung Thong Lueang 
SynonymHemiphyllodactylus flaviventris SUKPRASERT, SUTTHIWISES, LAUHACHINDA & TAKSINTUM 2018 
DistributionE Thailand (Chanthaburi)

Type locality: Makham District, Chanthaburi Province, eastern Thailand  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: ZMKU TM001209N, Adult male, collected by Apisak Sukprasert on November 12, 2016.
Paratypes. Five adult female specimens (ZMKU TM001204N–ZMKU TM001208N) were collected on the same date and same location as the holotype. 
DiagnosisHemiphyllodactylus flaviventris sp. nov. can be diagnosed by the following combination of characteristics: (1) a bisexual taxon; (2) a SVL of 38.72 mm in male and a maximum SVL of 39.24 mm in females; (3) 7–10 chin scales; (4) 5 circumnasal scales; (5) 1–5 scales between supranasals; (6) 9–12 supralabials; (7) 8–11 infralabials; (8) 16–18 dorsal scale rows; (9) 8–10 ventral scale rows; (10) lamellar formula on forefoot 4-4-4-4; (11) lamellar formula on hindfoot 4-5-5-5; (12) femoral pores absent in both sexes, 9 precloacal pores in male; (13) 1 or 2 cloacal spurs on each side present in both sexes; (14) dark postorbital stripe; and (15) no anteriorly projecting arms of postsacral mark.

Comparisons. Hemiphyllodactylus flaviventris sp. nov. is placed within a clade (lineage B, Fig. 2) which also includes six other species of Hemiphyllodactylus (Fig. 2). Hemiphyllodactylus flaviventris sp. nov. differs from all other species in the clade in that it only has precloacal pores, whereas all others have both precloacal and femoral pores. The maximum SVL of H. flaviventris sp. nov. and H. kiziriani Nguyen, Botov, Le, Nophaseud, Zug, Bonkowski & Ziegler were approximately 40 mm, whereas the others were more than 45.0 mm. H. flaviventris sp. nov. has a forefoot lamellar formula of 4-4-4-4, which differs from H. yunnanensis (3-3-3-3), H. zugi (3-4-4-4), H. dushanensis (3-4-5-4 or 4-5-5-4), H. huishuiensis Yan, Lin, Guo, Li & Zhou (3-4-4-4 or 4-4/5-5- 4), H. banaensis Ngo, Grismer, Thai & Wood (3-4-4-4 or 4-5-5-4), and H. kiziriani (3-4-4-4). It also has a hindfoot lamellar formula of 4-5-5-5, which differs from H. yunnanensis (3-4-4-4) and H. kiziriani (4-4/5-4/5-4). H. flaviventris sp. nov. lacks anteriorly projecting arms of the postsacral mark, which are found in H. zugi, H. huishuiensis, H. banaensis, and H. kiziriani. Diagnostic characteristics of Hemiphyllodactylus are shown in Table 4 in SUKPRASERT et al. 2018. 
Comment 
EtymologyThe specific epithet flaviventris is a combination derived from the Latin words flavi meaning yellow, and ventris meaning belly, referring to the yellow or cream belly of this species. 
References
  • SUKPRASERT, APISAK; SURAPOP SUTTHIWISES, VIRAYUTH LAUHACHINDA, WUT TAKSINTUM 2018. Two new species of Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Thailand. Zootaxa 4369 (3): 363–376 - get paper here
 
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