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Hemiphyllodactylus larutensis (BOULENGER, 1900)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Larut Dwarf Gecko
G: Larut-Halbblattfingergecko 
SynonymGehyra larutensis BOULENGER 1900
Hemiphyllodactylus larutensis — SMITH 1935: 109
Peropus larutensis — SMEDLEY 1931: 110
Hemiphyllodactylus larutensis — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 238
Hemiphyllodactylus larutensis — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 128
Hemiphyllodactylus larutensis — ZUG 2010 
DistributionMalaysian Peninsula (Perak/Larut Hills; Pahang, 1500-1700 m elevation)

Type locality: Larut Hills, under a house, at 3500 feet elevation, Perak [West Malaysia]  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1901.3.20.2. 
CommentVariation: H. larutensis is fairly variable (see photos in CHAN-ARD et al. 1999).

Synonymy: Hemiphyllodactylus larutensis has been considered as a synonym of H. harteri. The two species have often been confused in the literature (see GRISMER et al. 2013 for a discussion). The colour photograph of the unicoloured specimen in Zug (2010: fig. 11c) from Bukit Larut labelled as H. harterti is actually H. larutensis.

Male H. larutensis have 2–36 femoroprecloacal pores and two or three cloacal spurs whereas male H. harterti have 44 or 45 femoroprecloacal pores and a single cloacal spur. See Table 5 in GRISMER et al. 2013 for a comparison of H. larutensis and H. harterti.

Behavior: nocturnal

Distribution: see map in Grismer et al. 2015 (Fig. 1C). 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1900. Description of new batrachians and reptiles from Larut Hills, Perak. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 7: 186-193. - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • COBOS, ANTHONY; L. LEE GRISMER, PERRY L. WOOD, JR., EVAN S. H. QUAH, SHAHRUL ANUAR, MOHD ABDUL MUIN 2016. Phylogenetic relationships of geckos of the Hemiphyllodactylus harterti group, a new species from Penang Island, Peninsular Malaysia, and a likely case of true cryptic speciation Zootaxa 4107 (3): 367-380 - get paper here
  • Das, I. & Yaakob, N. 2007. Status of knowledge of the Malaysian herpetofauna. In Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. in: L. S. L. Chua, L. G. Kirton & L. G. Saw (eds.), Status of biological diversity in Malaysia & threat assessment of plant species in Malaysia. Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kepong, pp. 31-81
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; AWAL RIYANTO, DJOKO T. ISKANDAR & JIMMY A. MCGUIRE 2014. A new species of Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker, 1860 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Pulau Enggano, southwestern Sumatra, Indonesia. Zootaxa 3821 (4): 485–495
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Perry L. Wood Jr, Shahrul Anuar, Evan S. H. Quah, Mohd Abdul Muin, Chan Kin Onn, Alexandra X. Sumarli and Ariel I. Loredo 1860. Repeated evolution of sympatric, palaeoendemic species in closely related, co-distributed lineages of Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker, 1860 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) across a sky-island archipelago in Peninsular Malaysia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 174 (4): 859–876; DOI: 10.1111/zoj.12254 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; PERRY L. WOOD Jr, SHAHRUL ANUAR, MOHD ABDUL MUIN, EVAN S. H. QUAH, JIMMY A. MCGUIRE,, RAFE M. BROWN,0, NGO VAN TRI and PHAM HONG THAI 2013. Integrative taxonomy uncovers high levels of cryptic species diversity in Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker, 1860 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) and the description of a new species from Peninsular Malaysia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 169: 849–880
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 2017. Gecko-Chorologie (Squamata: Gekkota). Gekkota (4): 1-160
  • Smedley, N. 1932. Amphibians and reptiles from the Cameron Highlands, Malay Peninsula. Bull. Raffl. Mus., Singapore, 6: 105 - 123 [1931] - get paper here
  • Smedley, N. 1932. Notes on the herpetological collections in the Selangor Museum. Bull. Raffl. Mus. No 7: 9-17
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Werner, F. 1900. Beschreibung einiger noch unbekannter neotropischer und indischer Reptilien. Zool. Anz. 23: 196-198 - get paper here
 
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