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Hemiphyllodactylus yunnanensis (BOULENGER, 1903)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Common NamesE: Asian slender gecko, Yunnan Gypsy Gecko, Yunnan Dwarf Gecko
G: Yunnan-Halbblattfingergecko 
SynonymGehyra yunnanensis BOULENGER 1903: 429
Cainodactylus yunnanensis — BARBOUR 1924
Hemiphyllodactylus yunnanensis — SMITH 1935: 109
Hemiphyllodactylus typus chapaensis BOURRET 1937
Hemiphyllodactylus yunnanensis — TAYLOR 1963: 788
Hemiphyllodactylus yunnanensis longlingensis ZHOU & LIU 1981
Hemiphyllodactylus yunnanensis jinpingensis ZHOU & LIU 1981
Hemiphyllodactylus yunnanensis dushanensis ZHOU & LIU 1981
Hemiphyllodactylus yunnanensis — KLUGE 1993
Hemiphyllodactylus yunnanensis — RÖSLER 2000: 89
Hemiphyllodactylus chapaensis — RÖSLER 2000
Hemiphyllodactylus cf. yunnanensis — GRISMER et al. 2008
Hemiphyllodactylus typus chapaensis — BOBROV & SEMENOV 2008
Hemiphyllodactylus yunnanensis — ZUG 2010
Hemiphyllodactylus longlingensis — GRISMER et al. 2013
Hemiphyllodactylus jinpingensis — GRISMER et al. 2013
Hemiphyllodactylus dushanensis — GRISMER et al. 2013
Hemiphyllodactylus yunnanensis — GRISMER et al. 2013
Hemiphyllodactylus longlingensis — GUO et al. 2015
Hemiphyllodactylus jinpingensis — GUO et al. 2015
Hemiphyllodactylus dushanensis — GUO et al. 2015 
DistributionChina (Guizhou, Yunnan, Xizang), Cambodia,
N Myanmar (= Burma), Laos, Thailand

Type locality: Yunnan-fu (= Kumning, Yunnan Province, China)

invalid subspecies (now synonyms):

chapaensis: N Vietnam (Chapa, Tongking). type locality: “Chapa” (Sa Pá [also Lao Cai], Vietnam);

longlingensis [type locality: Longling Junior High School in Longling County, Yunnan Province (elevation 1530 m) (China) (original in Chinese)].

jinpingensis [type locality: Jinpling Junior High School in Jinping County, Yunnan Province (elevation 1260 m) (China) (original in Chinese)].

dushanensis [type locality: Dushan Junior High School in Dushan County, Guizhou Province (elevation 970 m) (China) (original in Chinese)]. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1904.1.26.1
Lectotype: BMNH 1904.1.26.1
Holotype: MNHN 1948.43 [chapaensis] 
CommentSynonymy: after ZUG 2010. GRISMER et al. 2013 elevated longlingensis (5 specimens), jinpingensis (4 specimens), and dushanensis (2 specimens) to full species status based on DNA sequence data but without any morphological diagnoses.

Major diagnostic features: bisexual taxon; caecum and gonadal ducts not pigmented; pre- cloacal–femoral pore series continuous in males (TotPore 11–25), usually absent in females; chin scales bordering mental and first infralabial distinctly enlarged; digital la- mellae formulae usually 3-3-3-3 (forefoot) and 3-4-4-4 (hindfoot); average adult female SVL ~41 mm, males ~39 mm; dorsal trunk pattern of narrow dark brown irregular transverse bands bordered dorsolaterally by longitudinal series of light spots, postsacral bar of dark and light with no anterior extensions dorsolaterally [ZUG 2010].

Distribution: see Figure 2 in GRISMER et al. 2013 for a map of this and other Hemiphyllodactylus species.

Behavior: nocturnal 
EtymologyThe name yunnanensis identifies this species as the gecko from Yunnan, the type locality of Boulenger’s new species. 
  • Barbour, T. 1924. A Yunnan gecko. Occasional Papers of the Boston Society of Natural History, 5:133-135 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1903. Descriptions of new lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (7) 12: 429-435 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • DENG Xuejian; YE Yiyunl; YANG Daode 1998. TWO REPTILE RECORDS NEW TO HUNAN PROVINCE. Sichuan Journal of Zoology 17(2): 862 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; AWAL RIYANTO, DJOKO T. ISKANDAR & JIMMY A. MCGUIRE 2014. A new species of Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker, 1860 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Pulau Enggano, southwestern Sumatra, Indonesia. Zootaxa 3821 (4): 485–495
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Perry L. Wood Jr, Shahrul Anuar, Evan S. H. Quah, Mohd Abdul Muin, Chan Kin Onn, Alexandra X. Sumarli and Ariel I. Loredo 1860. Repeated evolution of sympatric, palaeoendemic species in closely related, co-distributed lineages of Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker, 1860 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) across a sky-island archipelago in Peninsular Malaysia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 174 (4): 859–876; DOI: 10.1111/zoj.12254 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; PERRY L. WOOD Jr, SHAHRUL ANUAR, MOHD ABDUL MUIN, EVAN S. H. QUAH, JIMMY A. MCGUIRE,, RAFE M. BROWN,0, NGO VAN TRI and PHAM HONG THAI 2013. Integrative taxonomy uncovers high levels of cryptic species diversity in Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker, 1860 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) and the description of a new species from Peninsular Malaysia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 169: 849–880
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Thy Neang, Thou Chav, Perry L. Wood, Jr., Jamie R. Oaks, Jeremy Holden, Jesse L. Grismer, Thomas R. Szutz and Timothy M. Youmans 2008. Additional amphibians and reptiles from the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary in Northwestern Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia, with comments on their taxonomy and the discovery of three new species. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 56 (1): 161-175 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L., Neang, T., Chav, T. & Grismer, J.L. 2008. Checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of the Cardamom region of Southwestern Cambodia. Cambodian Journal of Natural History 2008(1): 12–28 - get paper here
  • GUO, WEIBO; KAIYA ZHOU, JIE YAN & PENG LI 2015. A new species of Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker, 1860 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from western Yunnan, China. Zootaxa 3974 (3): 377–390
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • SHI Lei; LIN Xuan-Long; ZHAO Hui 2011. New Record of Hemiphyllodactylus yunnanensis to Xizang Autonomous Region,China. Chinese Journal of Zoology - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Taylor, E.H. 1963. The lizards of Thailand. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 44: 687-1077. - get paper here
  • TRI, NGO VAN; L. LEE GRISMER, PHAM HONG THAI & P. L. WOOD, JR. 2014. A new species of Hemiphyllodactylus Bleeker, 1860 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Ba Na–Nui Chua Nature Reserve, Central Vietnam. Zootaxa 3760 (4): 539–552 - get paper here
  • Wu, Jianguo 2015. Can changes in the distribution of lizard species over the past 50 years be attributed to climate change? Theoretical and Applied Climatology, DOI<br />10.1007/s00704-015-1553-4 - get paper here
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
  • Zhou & LIU in: Zhou, KAI-YA, YUE-ZHEN LIU, and GUANG-PING YANG 1981. Three new subspecies of Hemiphyllodactylus yunnanensis (Boulenger) from China [in Chinese]. Acta Zootaxon. Sinica, Beijing, 6 (2): 202-209 [English trans in Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Service 110]. - get paper here
  • Zhou, K.-y.;Liu, Y.-z.;Yang, G-p. 1996. Three New Subspecies of Hemiphyllodactylus yunnanensis (Boulenger) from China (Lacertiformes: Gekkonidae) [English translation from Chinese by H. Ota]. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (110) - get paper here
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