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Hemorrhois hippocrepis (LINNAEUS, 1758)

IUCN Red List - Hemorrhois hippocrepis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesHemorrhois hippocrepis hippocrepis (LINNAEUS 1758)
Hemorrhois hippocrepis nigrescens (CATTANEO 1985) 
Common NamesE: Horseshoe Snake, Horseshoe Whip Snake
G: Hufeisennatter
D: Hoefijzerslang 
SynonymColuber hippocrepis LINNAEUS 1758: 226
Coluber domesticus LINNAEUS 1767: 389
Natrix hippocrepis LAURENTI 1768: 77
Hemorrhois hippocrepis (LINNAEUS) — BOIE 1826: 982
Periops hippocrepis (LINNAEUS) — WAGLER 1830: 189
Coluber diadema BONELLI 1834: 299
Calopeltis hippocrepis — EICHWALD 1839: 441
Periops hippocrepis — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 675
Zamenis hippocrepis — GÜNTHER 1858: 103
Zamenis hippocrepis — BOETTGER 1874
Zamenis (Periops) hippocrepis — BOETTGER 1885
Zamenis hippocrepis — BOULENGER 1893: 409
Zamenis hippocrepis — BOULENGER 1913
Haemorrhois hippocrepis - WELCH
Coluber hippocrepis intermedius — SOCHUREK 1979
Haemorrhois ravergieri — MEHRTENS 1987: 142
Coluber hippocrepis — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Coluber hippocrepis — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 481
Hemorrhois hippocrepis — UTIGER et al. 2002
Hemorrhois hippocrepis — NAGY et al. 2004
Hemorrhois hippocrepis — SCHÄTTI & MONSCH 2004
Hemerrhois hippocrepis — BURBRINK & LAWSON 2007 (in error)
Hemmorrhois hippocrepis — BURBRINK & LAWSON 2007 (in error)
Hemorrhois hippocrepis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 327 
DistributionSpain (introduced to Mallorca, Ibiza), Portugal, Gibraltar, Italy (Sardinia), Pantelleria (Fabio, pers. comm.),
Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia

Type locality: „América" (in error) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: NHR Lin-29 
Comment2 subspecies fide SCHÄTTI & WILSON 1986. Not on Lampedusa (fide L.V. Fabio [acredula@alice.it])

Type species: Coluber hippocrepis LINNAEUS 1758 is the type species of the genus Hemorrhois BOIE 1826. 
References
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  • Boettger, O. 1885. Liste der von Hrn. Dr. med. W. Kobelt in Algerien und Tunisien gesammelten Kriechtiere. In W. Kobelt (editor), Reiseerinnerungen aus Algerien und Tunis. Berichte der Senckenbergischen Naturforschungs Gesellschaft 1885: 452–475 - get paper here
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