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Heteronotia binoei (GRAY, 1845)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesPrickly Gecko, Bynoe's Gecko 
SynonymHeteronota Binoei GRAY 1845
Eublepharis Derbianus GRAY 1845
Gymnodactylus Binoei — DUMÉRIL 1856
Phyllodactylus anomalus PETERS 1867: 14
Hoplodactylus (Pentadactylus) australis STEINDACHNER 1867
Pentadactylus australis — GRAY 1867
Diplodactylus anomalus — SCHMELTZ 1869
Heteronota binoei — GÜNTHER 1875
Discodactylus anomalus — SCHMELTZ 1877
Diplodactylus annulatus MACLEAY 1877: 97
Heteronota binoei — BOULENGER 1885: 74
Heteronota derbiana — BOULENGER 1885: 75
Diplodactylus annulatus — BOULENGER 1885: 97
Heteronota Derbyana — STRAUCH 1887
Heteronota bynoei LUCAS & FROST 1896
Heteronotia binoei — STERNFELD 1925: 229
Heteronotia binoei — WORRELL 1963
Heteronotia anomalus — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1984
Heteronotia annulata — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Heteronotia anomala — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Heteronotia derbiana — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Heteronotia horneri WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 13
Heteronotia wadei WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 13
Heteronotia binoei — RÖSLER 1995: 126
Heteronotia binoei — COGGER 2000: 247
Heteronotia binoei — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Northern Territory, Queensland,
South Australia, Victoria, Western Australia)

Type locality: “Rockhampton in Ostaustralien” [Queensland] [Phyllodactylus anomalus PETERS 1867].  
ReproductionThis "species" is (at least partly) parthenogenetic. 
TypesHolotype: ZMB 5718 [Phyllodactylus anomalus PETERS 1867] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis (genus). A genus of moderately small (~50 mm SVL), slender gekkonine lizards with small narrow head and long slender tail tapering to a point; rostral and mental shields rounded; labials much larger than neighboring scales, 4 enlarged postmentals, digits long and slender, with claw between three enlarged scales; no enlarged apical lamellae, single row of enlarged transverse lamellae beneath digits; precloacal pores present in males, cloacal spurs not greatly enlarged. 
CommentDistribution: Does not occur in the more humid regions of SW-West Australia and S-Victoria and adjacent South Australia and New South Wales.

Type species: Heteronota Binoei GRAY 1845 is the type species of the genus Heteronotia WERMUTH 1965 (nomen novum pro Heteronota GRAY non Heteronota GERMAR 1835 = nomen substitutum pro Heteronotus LAPORTE-CASTELNAU 1832 [Rhynchota] non Heteronota MEYRICK 1902 [Lepidoptera]). 
Etymology 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Fujita, M.K. & C. Moritz 2009. Origin and Evolution of Parthenogenetic Genomes in Lizards: Current State and Future Directions. Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 261-272
  • Fujita, Matthew K.;Jeffrey L. Boore, and Craig Moritz 2007. Multiple Origins and Rapid Evolution of Duplicated Mitochondrial Genes in Parthenogenetic Geckos (Heteronotia binoei; Squamata, Gekkonidae). Mol Biol Evol 24: 2775-2786.
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Greenbaum, E. 2000. Herpetofaunal observations in disparate habitats in south Sustralia, New South Wales, and queensland, Australia. Herpetological Bulletin (72): 6-16 - get paper here
  • Kay, G.M.; D. Michael; M. Crane; S. Okada; C. MacGregor; D. Florance; D. Trengove; L. McBurney; D. Blair; D.B. Lindenmayer. 2013. A list of reptiles and amphibians from Box Gum Grassy Woodlands in south-eastern Australia. Check List 9 (3):476-481 - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. Roy 1924. Reptiles and batrachians from south and south-west Australia. Rec. Austral. Mus. 14 (3): 163-183 - get paper here
  • Macleay, W. 1877. The lizards of the Chevert Expedition. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, 2: 60-69; 97-104 - get paper here
  • Maryan, B. 2009. NATIVE GECKO INTRODUCTIONS. Herpetofauna 39 (2): 94-95
  • Moritz, C. 1983. Parthenogenesis in the endemic Australian lizard Heteronotia binoei (Gekkonidae). Science 220: 735-737
  • Moritz, Craig 1991. Evolutionary dynamics of mitochondrial DNA duplications in parthenogenetic geckos, Heteronotia binoei. Genetics 129: 221-230
  • Moritz, Craig 1991. The origin and evolution of parthenogenesis in Heteronotia binoei (Gekkonidae): Evidence for recent and localized orgins of widespread clones. Genetics 129: 211-219
  • Moritz, Craig;Heideman, Anita 1993. The orgin and evolution of parthenogenesis in Heteronotia binoei (Gekkonidae): reciprocal origins and diverse mitochondrial DNA in western populations. Systematic Biology 42 (3): 293-306 - get paper here
  • Pepper, Mitzy; Paul Doughty, Matthew K. Fujita, Craig Moritz, J. Scott Keogh 2013. Speciation on the Rocks: Integrated Systematics of the Heteronotia spelea Species Complex (Gekkota; Reptilia) from Western and Central Australia. PLoS One 8 (11): e78110. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0078110 - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1867. Herpetologische Notizen. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1867 (Januar): 13-37 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R. 1969. Habitat specificity, speciation, and species density in Australian desert lizards. Ecology 50 (3): 498-502 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E. R.; Pianka, H. D. 1976. Comparative ecology of twelve species of nocturnal lizards (Gekkonidae) in the western Australian desert. Copeia 1976 (1): 125-142 - get paper here
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Steindachner, F. 1867. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858,1859 unter den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair (Zoologie), Vol. 1, part 3 (Reptilien p.1-98). K. Gerold's Sohn/Kaiserlich-Königl. Hof- und Staatsdruckerei, Wien [1869 on title page] - get paper here
  • Sternfeld, R. 1925. Beiträge zur Herpetologie Inner-Australiens. Abhandlungen Herausgegeben von der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft, 38: 221—251
  • Wells R W; Wellington C R 1984. A synopsis of the class Reptilia in Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology 1 (3-4): 73-129 [1983]
  • Wells, R. W. and Wellington, C. R. 1985. A classification of the Amphibia and Reptilia of Australia. Australian Journal of Herpetology, Supplementary Series, (1):1-61 [sometimes cited as 1983] - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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