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Homonota fasciata (DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1836)

IUCN Red List - Homonota fasciata - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhyllodactylidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common Nameshorrida: South American Marked Gecko 
SynonymGymnodactylus fasciatus DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1836: 420
Gymnodactylus fasciatus — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 254
Homonota fasciata — JERDON 1865: 416
Gymnodactylus fasciatus — BOULENGER 1885: 31
Gymnodactylus mattogrossensis BERG 1895 (nomen dubium fide CACCIALI et al. 2017)
Homonota fasciatus — KLUGE 1993
Homonota fasciata — DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999
Homonota fasciata — RÖSLER 2000: 89
Homonota fasciata — AVILA et al. 2012
Homonota fasciatum — BÖHM 2015
Homonota fasciata — CACCIALI et al. 2017 
DistributionBolivia (fide LANGSTROTH 2005), Argentina (Corrientes, Chaco, Formosa, Córdoba, San Juan, Rio Negro, as far south as Patagonia).

Type locality: Martinique (in error)  
ReproductionOviparous. 
TypesHolotype: MNHN = MHNP 6756 (1435) 
CommentSynonymy mainly after CEI 1993. H. horrida has been synonymized with H. fasciata (ABDALA & LAVILLA 1993, CACCIALI et al. 2007) but was revalidated (and removed from the synonymy of H. fasciata) by Cacciali et al. 2017 who also showed that MNHN 6756 is not conspecific with the biological species currently referred to as H. fasciata. The scalation traits of MNHN 6756 presented above resemble the external morphology of Homonota uruguayensis (Vaz-Ferreira & Sierra de Soriano, 1961). However, H. uruguayensis does not have transversal bands on the dorsum, and in the original description of H. fasciata transversal bands on the dorsum of the type specimen are mentioned. In its current state, the holotype of H. fasciata is completely bleached and does not show any trace of banding (Fig. 5 in Cacciali et al. 2017). In conclusion, Cacciali et al. 2017 cannot link the holotype of H. fasciata to any of the known populations of Homonota which renders this name a species inquirenda which needs further studies.

Distribution: needs to be revisited after the revision of Cacciali et al. 2017. 
References
  • Abdala V. Lavilla E O. 1994. Synonymy and chresonymy of Homonota fasciata (Sauria: Gekkonidae) [in Spanish]. Acta Zoologica Lilloana 42 (2): 279-282
  • Abdala, V. and E. O. Lavilla. 1993. Homonota fasciata (Duméril y Bibrton, 1836), nombre válido para Homonota pasteuri Wermuth, 1965 y Homonota horrida (Burmeister, 1861) (Sauria: Gekkonidae). Acta Zoológica Lilloana 42: 279–282
  • Aun, L.;Martori, R. 1994. Biología de una poblacion de Homonota horrida. Cuadernos de Herpetología 8 (1): 90-96 - get paper here
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; CRISTIAN HERNAN FULVIO PEREZ, IGNACIO MINOLI & MARIANA MORANDO 2012. A new species of Homonota (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkota: Phyllodactylidae) from the Ventania mountain range, Southeastern Pampas, Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. Zootaxa 3431: 19–36 - get paper here
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238
  • Berg, C. 1895. Dos reptiles neuvos descritos. Anales del Museo Nacional de Buenos Aires, 4:189-194. - get paper here
  • Böhm, Stephan 2015. Eindrücke der Herpetofauna im Chaco Paraguays. Terraria-Elaphe 2015 (1): 40-46 [2014] - get paper here
  • Burmeister,H. 1861. Reise durch die La Plata Staaten mit besonderer Rücksicht auf die physische Beschaffenheit und den Culturzustand der Argentinischen Republik. Ausgeführt in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859 und 1860. Halle, H.W. Schmidt, 2: iv + 538 pp.
  • Cacciali P, Morando M, Medina CD, Köhler G, Motte M, Avila LJ. 2017. Taxonomic analysis of Paraguayan samples of Homonota fasciata Duméril & Bibron (1836) with the revalidation of Homonota horrida Burmeister (1861) (Reptilia: Squamata: Phyllodactylidae) and the description of a new species. PeerJ 5:e3523 - get paper here
  • Cacciali, P.; Ávila, I. & Bauer, F. 2007. A new species of Homonota (Squamata, Gekkonidae) from Paraguay, with a key to the genus. Phyllomedusa 6 (2): 137-146 - get paper here
  • Cacciali, Pier; Norman J. Scott, Aida Luz Aquino Ortíz, Lee A. Fitzgerald, and Paul Smith 2016. The Reptiles of Paraguay: Literature, Distribution, and an Annotated Taxonomic Checklist SPECIAL PUBLICATION OF THE MUSEUM OF SOUTHWESTERN BIOLOGY, NUMBER 11: 1–373 - get paper here
  • CAJADE, RODRIGO; EDUARDO GABRIEL ETCHEPARE, CAMILA FALCIONE, DIEGO ANDRÉS BARRASSO, BLANCA BEATRIZ ALVAREZ 2013. A new species of Homonota (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkota: Phyllodactylidae) endemic to the hills of Paraje Tres Cerros, Corrientes Province, Argentina. Zootaxa 3709 (2): 162–176 - get paper here
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  • Morando, Mariana; Cintia D. Medina, Luciano J. Avila, Cristian H. F. Perez, Amy Buxton and Jack W. Sites Jr. 2014. Molecular phylogeny of the New World gecko genus Homonota (Squamata: Phyllodactylidae). Zoologica Scripta DOI: 10.1111/zsc.12052 - get paper here
  • Peracca, M. G. 1897. Rettili e Anfibi. Viaggio del Dott. Alfredo Borelli nel Chaco boliviano e nella Repubblica Argentina. Bollettino dei Musei di Zoologia ed Anatomia Comparata della R. Università di Torino, 12 (274): 1-19.
  • Perez, Cristian H. F., Daniel R. Perez and Luciano J. Avila. 2008. Southernmost records for Homonota fasciata (Duméril & Bibron, 1836) in northern Patagonia, Argentina. Herpetozoa 20 (3/4):182-184 [2007] - get paper here
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