Hydrophis lamberti SMITH, 1917
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|Higher Taxa||Elapidae (Hydrophiinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)|
|Common Names||E: Lambert's Sea Snake|
|Synonym||Hydrophis lamberti SMITH 1917: 340|
Hydrophis ornatus SMITH 1926 (part.)
Hydrophis lapemoides — TAMIYA et al. 1983
Hydrophis lamberti — MURPHY, COX & VORIS 1999
Chitulia lamberti — KHARIN 2005
Hydrophis lamberti — NGUYEN et al. 2009
Hydrophis lamberti — RASMUSSEN et al. 2011
Chitulia lamberti — KHARIN & DOTSENKO 2012
Hydrophis lamberti — SANDERS et al. 2012
Chitulia (Chitulia) lamberti — KHARIN 2012
Chitulia lamberti — WALLACH et al. 2014: 165
Chitulia lamberti — CHAN-ARD et al. 2015: 279
|Distribution||Philippines, Singapore, Vietnam, Thailand|
Type locality: mouth of the Mekong River.
|Types||Holotype: BMNH 19126.96.36.199, earlier referred to as 19188.8.131.52|
|Diagnosis||DESCRIPTION. Head large, robust; 9–12 maxillary teeth behind front fangs; scale rows on neck 37-45 (males 38-42, females 37-45), on body 45-56 (males 45-52, females 49-56), ventrals distinct throughout, anteriorly about twice as broad as adjacent scales (males 258-395, females 237-306), subcaudals 34-50 (males 37-50, females 34–44); color, head greyish or brown above, whitish below; body with large oval-shaped bands anteriorly, replaced by cross-bands with broad interspaces posteriorly, dark bands both widest and darkest dorsally, lighter and narrower laterally; on tail,greyish black bands and broad whitish interspaces (4-6 in males, 5-6 in females). After Rasmussen 1989: 411 and Leviton et al. 2014: 508).|
Diagnostic characters: Scale rows around neck 3–45; scale rows around body 45–56; ventrals 258–306. Maxillary teeth behind fangs 9–12. Colouration: Body whitish or pale grey above, paler below. Large rounded dorsal bands anteriorly, posteriorly gradually becoming narrower and separated by broader interspaces. Bands broader above, narrow and faintly coloured laterally.
Synonymy: Has been included in H. ornatus by some authors (e. g. Smith, 1926), but is very distinct in its colour pattern.
|Etymology||Unknown. Gray did not provide any details on the origin of this name.|
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