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Hydrops martii (WAGLER, 1824)

IUCN Red List - Hydrops martii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesAmazon Water Snake 
SynonymElaps Martii WAGLER 1824
Elaps Martii — SPIX 1824: 2
Hydrops Martii - WAGLER 1830: 170
Homalopsis Martii — SCHLEGEL 1837: 356
Hydrops martii — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 484
Hydrops callostictus GÜNTHER 1868: 421
Calopisma martii — JAN & SORDELLI 1868
Hydrops triangularis martii — AMARAL 1930
Hydrops martii — DOWLING 2002
Hydrops martii — RIVAS et al. 2012
Hydrops martii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 342 
DistributionE Peru, Colombia, Brazil (Pará etc.), Ecuador, Venezuela (S Amazonas)

Type locality: Provincia Maranhao, Rio Itapicuru, Brazil Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous (Braz et al. 2016) 
TypesHolotype: ZSM 1844/0, male 
CommentSynonymy: partly after ALBUQUERQUE & LEMA 2008. Albuquerque (2000) synonymized the subspecies of H. martii.

Type species: Elaps Martii WAGLER 1824 is the type species of the genus Hydrops WAGLER 1830; Hydrops is the type genus of the tribus Hydropsini Zaher et al. 2009, composed of Helicops, Hydrops, and Pseudoeryx.

Diagnosis (tribus): Morphologically, the Hydropsini share the character of significant enlargement of the m. adductor mandibulae externus superficialis at its origin (Zaher 1999). 
References
  • Albuquerque, N.R. de 2000. The status of Hydrops martii (Wagler 1824) (Serpentes: Colubridae). Bel. Mus. Paraense Emilio Goeldi, ser. Zool. 16: 153-162
  • Albuquerque, N.R. de & De Lema, T. 2008. Taxonomic revision of the Neotropical water snake Hydrops triangularis (Serpentes, Colubridae). Zootaxa 1685: 55–66 - get paper here
  • Almendariz, A. 1991. Anfibios y Reptiles [del Ecuador]. Rev. Politecnica. XVI (3): 89-162.
  • Amaral,A. do 1930. Contribucao ao conhecimento dos ophidios do Brasil IV. Lista Remissiva dos ophidios do Brasil. Mem. Inst. Butantan 4: 69-125 - get paper here
  • Amaral,A. do 1930. Estudos sobre ophidios neotropicos XVIII. Lista remissiva dos ophidios da região neotropica. Mem. Inst. Butantan 4: 126-271 [1929] - get paper here
  • BERNARDE, P.S., ALBUQUERQUE, S., BARROS, T.O. & TURCI, L.C.B. 2012. Serpentes do Estado de Rondônia, Brasil. Biota Neotrop. 12(3): 1-29 - get paper here
  • Braz, Henrique B.; Rodrigo R. Scartozzoni, Selma M. Almeida-Santos 2016. Reproductive modes of the South American water snakes: A study system for the evolution of viviparity in squamate reptiles Zoologischer Anzeiger 263: 33-44; doi:10.1016/j.jcz.2016.04.003 - get paper here
  • Dowling, H.G. 2002. “Intraspecific variation of the hemipenis”, a correction , with comments on other erroneous descriptions. Herpetological Review 33 (1): 12-14 - get paper here
  • Frota, J.G. da; Pedroso dos Santos-Jr, Alfredo; Menezes-Chalkidis, H. de & Guimarães Guedes, A. 2005. AS SERPENTES DA REGIÃO DO BAIXO RIO AMAZONAS, OESTE DO ESTADO DO PARÁ, BRASIL (SQUAMATA). Biociências 13 (2): 211-220
  • Günther, A. 1868. Sixth account of new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 1: 413-429 - get paper here
  • Hoge, Alphonse Richard & Nina, A.C.M. 1964. Serpentes coletadas pelo Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia. Mem. Inst. Butantan 30 [1960-1962]: 71-96 - get paper here
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Natera-Mumaw, Marco; Luis Felipe Esqueda-González & Manuel Castelaín-Fernández 2015. Atlas Serpientes de Venezuela Santiago de Chile, Dimacofi Negocios Avanzados S.A., 456 pp. - get paper here
  • Pérez-Santos,C. & Moreno, A.G. 1988. Ofidios de Colombia. Museo reegionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino, Monographie VI, 517 pp.
  • RIVAS, GILSON A.; CÉSAR R. MOLINA, GABRIEL N. UGUETO, TITO R. BARROS, CÉSAR L. BAR- RIO-AMORÓS & PHILIPPE J. R. KOK 2012. Reptiles of Venezuela: an updated and commented checklist. Zootaxa 3211: 1–64 - get paper here
  • Roze, J. A. 1957. Notas sobre Hydrops lehmanni Dunn, 1944, y los generos neotropicales: Pseudoeryx, Hydrops y Helicops (Colubridae). Acta Biologica Venezuelica 2 (3): 17-26
  • Roze, J.A. 1957. Resumen de una revision del genero Hydrops (Wagler), 1830 (Serpentes: Colubridae). Acta Biol. Venezuel. 2 (8): 51-95
  • Santos-Costa, Maria Cristina dos; Gleomar Fabiano Maschio, Ana Lúcia da Costa Prudente 2015. Natural history of snakes from Floresta Nacional de Caxiuanã, eastern Amazonia, Brazil Herpetology Notes 8: 69-98 - get paper here
  • Schlegel, H. 1837. Essai sur la physionomie des serpens. Partie Descriptive. La Haye (J. Kips, J. HZ. et W. P. van Stockum), 606 S. + xvi - get paper here
  • Scrocchi, G.J.; Lucia Ferreira, V; Giraudo, A.R.; Ávila, R.W. & Motte, M. 2005. A new species of Hydrops (Serpentes: Colubridae: Hydropsini) from Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay. Herpetologica 61 (4): 468-477 - get paper here
  • Spix, J.B. von. 1824. Serpentum brasiliensium species novae ou histoire naturelle des espèces nouvelles de serpens, recueillies et observées pendant le voyage dans l'intérieur du Brésil dans les années 1817, 1818, 1819, 1820, exécuté par ordre de sa majesté le Roi de Bavi Typis Franc. Seraph. Hübschmanni, Monachii viii + 75 pp.
  • Vogt, R.C.; Ferrara, C.R.; Bernhard, R.; Carvalho, V.T.; Balensiefer, D.C.; Bonora, L.; Novelle, S.M.H. 2007. Capítulo 9. Herpetofauna. p. 127-143. In: Rapp Py-Daniel, L.; Deus, C.P.; Henriques, A.L.; Pimpão, D.M.; Ribeiro, O.M. (orgs.). Biodiversidade do Médio Madeira: Bases científicas para propostas de conservação. INPA: Manaus, 244pp.
  • Wagler, Jean G. 1830. Natürliches System der Amphibien, mit vorangehender Classification der Säugetiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Zoologie. 1.0. Cotta, München, Stuttgart, and Tübingen, 354 pp.
  • Wagler,J. 1824. Serpentum Brasiliensium species novae, ou histoire naturelle des espèces nouvelles de serpens. In: Jean de Spix, Animalia nova sive species novae. [NAtrix bahiensis: 27,. Monaco, Typis Franc. Seraph. Hübschmanni, vii + 75 pp.
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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