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Iguana iguana (LINNAEUS, 1758)

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Higher TaxaIguanidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Common Green Iguana
G: Grüner Leguan 
SynonymLacerta Igvana LINNAEUS 1758: 206
Iguana minima LAURENTI 1768
Iguana tuberculata LAURENTI 1768
Lacerta Iguana — SHAW & NODDER 1795: plate 227
Iguana coerulea DAUDIN 1802
Iguana vulgaris LINK 1806
Iguana sapidissima MERREM 1820
Iguana sapidissima — WIED 1824
Iguana squamosa SPIX 1825
Iguana viridis SPIX 1825
Iguana coerulea SPIX (non DAUDIN) 1825
Iguana emarginata SPIX 1825
Iguana lophryoides SPIX 1825
Iguana lophyroides SPIX 1825 (fide FRANZEN & GLAW 2007: 225)
Prionodus iguana — WAGLER 1828
Hypsilophus tuberculatus — WAGLER 1830
Iguana (Hypsilophus) rhinolophus WIEGMANN 1834
Iguana tuberculata — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 203
Iguana rhinolopha — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 207
Hypsilophus Rhinolophus — FITZINGER 1843
Hypsilophus tuberculatus — FITZINGER 1843
Iguana Hernandessi JAN 1857 (nomen nudum fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1950)
Iguana tuberculata — BOULENGER 1885: 189
Iguana rhinolophus — GÜNTHER 1885: 56
Iguana tuberculata — GÜNTHER 1885: 56
Iguana tuberculata — COPE 1886: 270
Iguana iguana rhinolopha — DUNN 1934
Iguana iguana rhinolopha — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 72
Iguana iguana rhinolopha — MERTENS 1952: 47
Iguana iguana rhinolopha — STUART 1963: 68
Iguana iguana — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 95
Iguana iguana — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 419
Iguana iguana — LINER 1994
Iguana iguana rhinolopha — MCNISH 2011
Iguana iguana — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015 
DistributionUSA (introduced to Florida and Hawaii)
S Mexico (Chiapas, Oaxaca, Quintana Roo, Campeche, Tamaulipas, Veracruz, Jalisco, Puebla, Guerrero, Sinaloa), Nicaragua, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Belize,
Costa Rica, Panama
Colombia (Valle del Cauca), Ecuador, Brazil (Bahia, Pernambuco, Ceará, Sergipe, Amazonas, Pará, Rondônia, Piauí, Acre, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraíba), Venezuela, Isla Margarita,
Guyana, Suriname, French French Guiana,
Peru, Bolivia (Beni, Pando, Santa Cruz), Paraguay,
Antilles: Virgin Island, Cayman Island, St. Barthelemy, Montserrat, Guadeloupe,
Ile Desecheo Saintes, St. Lucia, St. Vincent, Grenadines, Grenada, Swan Island, Trinidad, Tobago, La Tortuga Island,
Isla San Andres, Isla de Providencia, Puerto Rico
Introduced to Taiwan (G. Norval, in AA)

rhinolopha: Mexico (Yucatan peninsula); south to Panama fide STUART 1963: 68.

Type locality: “Indiis”  
Reproductionoviparous. Iguana delicatissima and I. iguana hybridize in nature (Breuil et al. 2009). 
TypesSyntypes: NRM (NHRM), another in the Gyllenborg collection in Uppsala.
Syntypes: ZMB 571; lectotype 571; paratype 3630 [rhinolopha] 
Diagnosis 
CommentPopular pet animal. Colombia intended to export more than 600,000 specimens alone (cited in WÜSTER 1998 without a time span). Between 1991 and 2002 about 4.8 million iguanas have been imported to the United States; between 1990 and 1999 about 600,000 iguanas were imported to Europe (Schardt et al. 2009). Breeders have created variations in yellow, blue, and brown, in addition to the wildtype “green” specimens (Werning 2015).

Type Species: Iguana tuberculata Laurenti, 1768 is the type species of the genus Iguana LAURENTI 1768 (designated by Burt and Burt 1933:26). All designations of Lacerta iguana Linnaeus, 1758, as the type species of Iguana Laurenti, 1768 (by tautonymy or otherwise) are not valid as Lacerta iguana Linnaeus, 1758, was not an originally included species (Article 67.2 of the Code, ICZN 1999, Low 2016).

Subspecies: Even though most older author recognized two subspecies (iguana and rhinolopha) Lazell (1973) concluded that geographic variation is complex and does not justify the recognition of subspecies. I. i. rhinolopha is distinguished from iguana by only 2 or 3 small protuberances on the snout. Most recent authors don’t seem to recognize rhinolopha any more.

Distribution: not in Yucatan state (Mexico) according to GONZÁLEZ-SÁNCHEZ et al. 2017. 
EtymologyThe family name Iguana might be formed from Igoana, a name used by ‘‘Les habitans de Saint-Domingue, d’après Hernandez’’ (A. M. C. Duméril and Bibron, 1837: 199). 
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