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Iphisa elegans GRAY, 1851

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Gymnophthalminae), Iphisini, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesIphisa elegans elegans GRAY 1851
Iphisa elegans soinii DIXON 1974 
Common NamesGlossy Shade Lizard 
SynonymIphisa elegans GRAY 1851: 39
Iphisa elegans GRAY 1852: 449
Iphisa elegans — BOULENGER 1885: 424
Iphisa elegans — PETERS et al. 1970: 150
Iphisa elegans — DUELLMAN 1978: 215
Iphisa elegans — DIRKSEN & DE LA RIVA 1999
Iphisa elegans — CASTOE et al. 2004 
DistributionBrazil (Amazonas, Acre, Amapa, Para, Rondonia, Mato Grosso),
Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana, SE Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia (Cochabamba, Santa Cruz)

Type locality: Pará, Brazil.

soinii: Peru and Bolivia; Type locality: Nuevo Tocache, Departmento San Martin, Peru, 650 m elevation. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.9.1.1
Holotype: USNM 193623 [soinii] 
CommentType species: Iphisa elegans GRAY 1851 is the type species of the genus Iphisa GRAY 1851.

I. elegans most likely consists cryptic species (Nunes et al. 2012).

Taxonomy: The name Iphisiini was proposed to include Acratosaura, Alexandresaurus, Colobosaura, Iphisa, and Stenolepis (Rodrigues et al. 2009b), following the splitting of the Heterodactylini (sensu Pellegrino et al. 2001). Iphisiini (Rodrigues et al. 2009b) was published without a statement in words of the characters that purported to differentiate the taxon, i.e. a diagnosis (Article 13.1.1), nor reference to such a publication (Article 13.1.2). Colli et al. 2015 defined the tribe Iphisini to include Acratosaura, Alexandresaurus, Colobosaura, Iphisa, Rondonops, Stenolepis.

Diagnosis. A relatively small microteiid (maximum snout-vent length 62 mm) with a dorsoventrally compressed body; all scales smooth; dorsal and ventral scales composed of two longitudinal rows each; lateral scales much smaller than dorsals and ventrals,each side composedof three to five longitudinal rows of scales, usually four ( 90%); femoral and preanal pores present in males, frequently indicated in females; inner finger vestigial, claw present but not visible; lower eyelid with transparent window; tympanum exposed [DIXON 1974].

Diagnosis (soinii): Identical elegans in all characters except absence of prefrontals and higher average number (25.0) offemoral-preanalpores,rather than 19.3. 
EtymologyThe name Iphisiini was incorrectly formed according to Article 29.1. The correct form is Iphisini, because the stem of Iphisa is Iphis-, a name attributed to several individuals in Greek mythology; one of the most popular, according to Ovid's Metamorphoses, was the daughter of Telethusa and Ligdus: raised by her mother as a man to conceal her gender from her father, Iphis was later transformed into a man by the goddess Isis and married Ianthe (More 1922). Authorship of Iphisini should be credited to Gray (1851), who described and diagnosed Iphisadae as a family, when describing the genus Iphisa. However, Iphisadae is incorrectly formed and must be corrected to Iphisidae (Article 32.5.3), because the spelling Iphisadae is not in prevailing usage (Article 29.5). Therefore, the correct family-group for the tribe is Iphisini Gray 1851 (fide Colli et al. 2015). 
References
  • Andrade, Sheila Pereira de; Danusy Lopes Santos, Ricardo Alexandre Kawashita-Ribeiro and Wilian Vaz-Silva. 2013. New records and updated distribution map of Iphisa elegans Gray, 1851 (Reptilia, Gymnophthalmidae). Herpetology Notes 6: 395-400. - get paper here
  • Ávila, R.W.; R.A. Kawashita-Ribeiro. 2011. Herpetofauna of São João da Barra Hydroelectric Plant, state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. Check List 7 (6): 750-755 - get paper here
  • Avila-Pires,T.C.S. 1995. Lizards of Brazilian Amazonia (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoologische Verhandelingen 299: 1-706 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Castoe, T.A.; Doan, T.M. & Parkinson, C.L. 2004. Data partitions and complex models in Bayesian analysis: the phylogeny of Gymnophthalmid lizards. Systematic Biology 53 (3): 448-469 - get paper here
  • CATENAZZI, A., LEHR, E. & VON MAY, R. 2013. The amphibians and reptiles of Manu National Park and its buffer zone, Amazon basin and eastern slopes of the Andes, Peru. Biota Neotrop. 13(4): 269-283
  • Cole, Charles J.; Carol R. Townsend, Robert P. Reynolds, Ross D. MacCulloch, and Amy Lathrop 2013. Amphibians and reptiles of Guyana, South America: illustrated keys, annotated species accounts, and a biogeographic synopsis. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 125 (4): 317-578; plates: 580-620 - get paper here
  • COLLI, GUARINO R.; MARINUS S. HOOGMOED, DAVID C. CANNATELLA, JOSÉ CASSIMIRO, JERRIANE OLIVEIRA GOMES, JOSÉ MÁRIO GHELLERE, PEDRO M. SALES NUNES, KÁTIA C. M. PELLEGRINO, PATRICIA SALERNO, SERGIO MARQUES DE SOUZA & MIGUEL TREFAUT RODRIGUES 2015. Description and phylogenetic relationships of a new genus and two new species of lizards from Brazilian Amazonia, with nomenclatural comments on the taxonomy of Gymnophthalmidae (Reptilia: Squamata) Zootaxa 4000 (4): 401–427 - get paper here
  • Costa-Prudente, A.L.C.; F. Magalhães; A. Menks; J.F.M. Sarmento. 2013. Checklist of Lizards of the Juruti, state of Pará, Brazil. Check List 9 (1):42-50 - get paper here
  • Dixon, J. R. 1974. Systematic review of the microteiid genus Iphisa. Herpetologica 30 (2): 133-139 - get paper here
  • Duellman, W. E. 1978. The biology of an equatorial herpetofauna in Amazonian Ecuador. Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 65: 1-352 - get paper here
  • Duellman, W.E., & Salas, A.W. 1991. Annotated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Cuzco Amazonico, Peru. Occas. Papers Mus. of Natur. Hist., Univ. of Kansas, Lawrence (143): 13 pp. - get paper here
  • Gardner, T.A., Ribeiro Junior, M.A., BarlowJ., Avila-Pires, T.C.S., Hoogmoed, M.S. & Peres, C. 2007. The Value of Primary, Secondary, and Plantation Forests for a Neotropical Herpetofauna. Conservation Biology 21 (3): 775–787
  • Gray, J. E. 1852. Description of a new genus and family of cyclosaurian lizards, from Para. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 10: 448-449 - get paper here
  • Gray, J.E. 1851. Description of a new genus and family of cyclosaurian lizards from Para. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1851: 38-39 - get paper here
  • Harvey, M. B., APARICIO, J., CORTEZ, C., GONZÁLES, L., GUERRA, J. F., MONTAÑO, M. E. & PÉREZ, M. E. 1998. Reptile and amphibian species of Parque Nacional Noel Kempff Mercado. In: Killeen, T. J. & T. S. Schulenberg (eds). A biological assessment of Parque Nacional Noel Kempff Mercado, Bolivia. Conservation International Washington. Rap Working Papers 10: 348-355.
  • Hoogmoed M.S.; de Avila-Pires T C S 1991. Annotoated checklist of the herpetofauna of Petit Saut, Sinnamary River, French Guiana. Zoologische Mededelingen 65: 53-88 - get paper here
  • Hoogmoed, M.S., & Lescure, J. 1975. An annotated checklist of the lizards of French Guiana, mainly based on two recent collections. Zool. Meded. (Leiden) 49(13): 141-172. - get paper here
  • Mendes-Pinto, T. J. & S. Marques de Souza 2011. Preliminary assessment of amphibians and reptiles from Floresta Nacional do Trairão, with a new snake record for the Pará state, Brazilian Amazon. Salamandra 47 (4): 199-206 - get paper here
  • Morato, S.A.A.; Calixto, P.O.; Mendes, L.R.; Gomes, R.; Galatti, U.; Trein, F.L.; Oliveira, F.S.; Ferreira, G.N. 2014. Guia fotográfico de identificação da herpetofauna da Floresta Nacional de Saracá-Taquera, Estado do Pará. Curitiba: STCP Engenharia de Projetos Ltda.; Porto Trombetas: MRN – Mineração Rio do Norte S.A.; 213 p. - get paper here
  • Moravec J., Aparicio J. 2004. Notes on the herpetofauna of Nacebe (Provincia Abuna, Departamento Pando, Bolivia). Journal of the National Museum (Prague), Natural History Series 173 (1-4): 13-28
  • NUNES, PEDRO M. SALES; ANTOINE FOUQUET, FELIPE F. CURCIO, PHILIPPE J. R. KOK and MIGUEL TREFAUT RODRIGUES 2012. Cryptic species in Iphisa elegans Gray, 1851 (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) revealed by hemipenial morphology and molecular data. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 361–376 October 2012 Volume 166, Issue 2, 361-376 - get paper here
  • Oliveira, D.P.; S.M. Souza; L. Frazão; A.P. Almeida; T. Hrbek 2014. Lizards from central Jatapú River, Amazonas, Brazil. Check List 10 (1): 46-53 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E.R. & Vitt, L.J. 2003. Lizards - Windows to the Evolution of Diversity. University of California Press, Berkeley, 347 pp. [review in Copeia 2004: 955] - get paper here
  • Rodrigues, Miguel Trefaut; Katia Cristina Machado Pellegrino, Marianna Dixo, Vanessa Kruth Verdade, Dante Pavan, Antônio Jorge Suzart Argolo, and Jack W. Sites Jr. 2007. A new genus of microteiid lizard from the Atlantic forests of State of Bahia, Brazil, with a new generic name for Colobosaura mentalis, and a discussion of relationships among the Heterodactylini (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae). American Museum novitates (3565): 1-27 - get paper here
  • Vitt, L.; Magnusson, W.E.; Ávila-Pires, T.C. & Lima, A.P. 2008. Guide to the Lizards of Reserva Adolpho Ducke, Central Amazonia. Attema, Manaus, 180 pp.
 
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