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Karnsophis siantaris MURPHY & VORIS, 2013

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Higher TaxaHomalopsidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSumatran Short-tailed Snake 
SynonymKarnsophis siantaris MURPHY & VORIS 2013
Brachyorrhos albus – BLEEKER 1857a: 472
Brachyorrhos albus – BLEEKER 1860: 286
Brachyorrhos albus – LUDEKING 1867: 50
Karnsophis siantaris — MURPHY & VORIS 2013
Karnsophis siantaris — MURPHY & VORIS 2014: 9
Karnophis siantaris — O’SHEA & KAISER 2016 (in error) 
DistributionIndonesia (Sumatra)

Type locality: Siantar, Sumatera Utara, Sumatra, Indonesia (~1°58' N, 99°47' E).  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: USNM 103578, an adult male. The holotype was collected in 1937, the collector is unknown, but see discussion. 
CommentType species: Karnsophis siantaris MURPHY & VORIS 2013 is the type species of the genus Karnsophis MURPHY & VORIS 2013.

Diet: Stomach contains a very well digested frog with visible eggs and toes. 
EtymologyEtymology (genus): Named in honor of Daryl R. Karns for his contributions to homalopsid snake biology.

Etymology: This new species is named after the type locality, Siantar. 
References
  • Murphy, J.C. & Voris, H.K. 2013. An Unusual, Fangless Short-tailed Snake (Squamata, Serpentes, Homalopsidae) from Sumatra, Indonesia. Asian Herpetological Research 4 (2): 140–146
  • Murphy, J.C. & Voris, H.K. 2014. A Checklist and Key to the Homalopsid Snakes (Reptilia, Squamata, Serpentes), with the Description of New Genera. FIELDIANA: LIFE AND EARTH SCIENCES (8): 1–43 - get paper here
  • O’Shea M and Kaiser H. 2016. The first female specimen of the poorly known Arfak Stout-tailed Snake, Calamophis sharonbrooksae Mur- phy, 2012 (Serpentes: Colubroidea: Homalopsidae), from the Vogelkop Peninsula of Indonesian West New Guinea, with comments on the taxonomic history Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 10(2) [General Section]: 1–10 (e122)
 
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