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Kinixys natalensis HEWITT, 1935

IUCN Red List - Kinixys natalensis - , LR

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Higher TaxaTestudinidae, Testudinoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Common NamesNatal Hingeback Tortoise 
SynonymKinixys natalensis HEWITT 1935: 353
Kinixys natalensis — BROADLEY 1981
Kinixys belliana natalensis — OBST 1986
Kinixys natalensis — KING & BURKE 1989
Kinixys natalensis — VALVERDE 2005
Kinixys natalensis — TTWG 2014 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (W Zululand to Greytown, Natal)

Type locality: "Tugela River valley. . .Tugela River. . . Dimane stream near Jameson Drift," Natal Prov., Republic of South Africa.  
TypesLectotype: PEM (formerly AMG, no catalog number), designated by Broadley 1981 (fide KING & BURKE 1989). Paralectotype: PEM (formerly AMG 6975A). Paratype: DNMNH (= TM) 16031 (lost). 
CommentListed as a synonym of Kinixys belliana belliana by WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977: 70.

Distribution: not in S Mozambique, Swaziland, Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaire); endemic to South Africa (WR Branch, pers., comm., 12 Nov 2010). 
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Bourquin, O. 2004. Reptiles (Reptilia) in KwaZulu-Natal: I - diversity and distribution. Durban Museum Novitates 29: 57-103
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Broadley, D.G. 1981. A review of the populations of Kinixys (Testudinidae) occurring in south-eastern Africa. Annals of the Cape Provincial Museum of Natural History 13: 195-215
  • Broadley, D.G. 1993. A review of the southern African species of Kinixys Bell (Reptilia: Testudinidae). Annals of the Transvaal Museum 36 (6): 41-52
  • Broadley, D.G. 1997. Osteological characters of the shell and humerus in hinged tortoises of the African genus Kinixys. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 2 (4): 526-531
  • Broadley,D.G. 1992. The Savannah species of Kinixys (Testudinidae). J. Herp. Assoc. Africa 40: 12-13 - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Haagner, G. V. 1992. The Natal hinged tortoise Kinixys natalensis: a new record for the Kruger National Park. Koedoe 35 (1): 129 - get paper here
  • Haagner, G. V.;Bourquin, O. 1997. Geographic distribution. Kinixys natalensis. African Herp News (26): 32 - get paper here
  • Harvan, Marek. 2007. The genus Kinixys. Radiata 16(4):11-27
  • Hewitt, J. 1935. Some new forms of batrachians and reptiles from South Africa. Rec. Albany Mus. 4: 283-357
  • Hughes, B. 1986. Longevity Records of African Captive Amphibians and Reptiles: Part 1: Introduction and Species List 1 - Amphibians and Chelonians. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (32): 1-5 - get paper here
  • Ihlow F, Farooq HM, Gvoždík V, Hofmeyr MD, Conradie W, Campbell PD, Harvey J, Verburgt L, Fritz U. 2019. Geographic range extension of Speke’s Hinge-back Tortoise Kinixys spekii Gray, 1863. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 13(2) [Special Section]: 61–67 (e195) - get paper here
  • Mashinini, P.L.; Mahlangu, L.M. 2014. An annotated catalogue of the types of chelonians (Reptilia: Testudines) in the Herpetology collection of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History, South Africa. Annals of the Ditsong National Museum of Natural History 4: - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • Valencia, J. H., K. Garzón-Tello & M. E. Barragán-Paladines 2016. Serpientes venenosas del Ecuador: sistemática, taxonomía, historia natural, conservación, envenenamiento y aspectos antropológicos. Quito, Ecuador, Fundación Herpetológica Gustavo Orcés, Universidad de Texas, Fondo Ambiental Nacional, 652 pp. [review in HR 49 (1): 152, 2018]
  • Valverde, J. 2005. African Tortoises. Reptilia (GB) (43): 12-20 - get paper here
  • Valverde, J. 2005. Afrikanische Landschildkröten. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (56): 18-25 - get paper here
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