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Kinosternon baurii (GARMAN, 1891)

IUCN Red List - Kinosternon baurii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaKinosternidae (Kinosterninae), Kinosternoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Common NamesE: Striped Mud Turtle
G: Dreistreifen-Klappschildkröte 
SynonymCinosternon baurii GARMAN 1891
Kinosternon baurii — STEJNEGER & BARBOUR 1917
Kinosternon bauri palmarum STEJNEGER 1925
Kinosternon bauri palmarum — CARR 1940: 98
Kinosternon baurii — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 48
Kinosternon baurii — CROTHER 2000
Kinosternon baurii — TTWG 2014: 346 
DistributionSE USA (from near Aiken, South Carolina, along the Atlantic Coastal Plain of Georgia southward through peninsular Florida and the Keys, Alabama ?, North Carolina, Virginia)

baurii: S Florida, Everglades north to Palm Beach.

Type locality: "Key West," Monroe Co., Florida, U.S.A. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesSyntypes: MCZ 282, 283, 284, 285, 286, 287, 1558, 1563, 4380 (renamed to now MCZ R-184720, R-184721, R-184722, R-184723, R-184724, R-184725, R-184726, R-1558, R-1563, R-4380); UMMZ 53038 (formerly MCZ 4718), FMNH 73481 (formerly MCZ 4050). 
CommentDistribution: Does not occur on Cuba as stated in the original paper of GARMAN (1881).

Max. carapace length: 12.7 cm.

Habitat: freshwater (swamps, quiet rivers) 
EtymologyNamed after Georg Herman Carl Ludwig Baur (1859-1898), German biologist, who also worked at Yale (1884-1890) and other places in the United States. 
  • Böhme, W. 2005. Der “Savannah River Ecology Site” und seine herpetologischen Highlights. Herpetofauna 25 (142): 13-21 - get paper here
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598
  • Brashear, Greg and Brown, Grover J. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Kinosternon baurii (Striped Mud Turtle) Herpetological Review 47 (4): 626
  • Carr, Archie Fairly 1940. A Contribution to the Herpetology of Florida. University of Florida Publication, Biological Science Series 3 (1): 1-118
  • Chandler, H. C., et al. 2017. A new trap design for catching small emydid and kinosternid turtles. Herpetological Review 48 (2): 323-327
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dodd Jr. , C. Kenneth 2017. Island paradise or island trap: The uncertain future of Florida’s turtle island. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 24 (2): 83–94 - get paper here
  • Dodd, C. Kenneth, Jr. 1979. A bibliography of endangered and threatened amphibians and reptiles in the United States and its territories (conservation, distribution, natural history, status). Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (46): 1-35 - get paper here
  • Ernst, C.H. 1974. Kinosternon baurii (Garman). Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 161: 1-2. - get paper here
  • Ernst, Carl H.; Lovich, Jeffrey E. 2009. Turtles of the United States and Canada, 2nd edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, 827 pp. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Farkas, B. & L. Sasvari 1993. Hybriden zwischen Kinosternon bauri und K. subrubrum hippocrepis Salamandra 29 (2): 140-142 - get paper here
  • Frick, Michael G. 1998. Geographic Distribution. Kinosternon baurii. Herpetological Review 29 (1): 50 - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1891. On a tortoise found in Florida and Cuba, Cinosternon baurii. Bull. Essex Institute. Salem, Massachusetts 23: 141-144
  • Glaser, A.M. 2004. Die Dreistreifen-Klappschildkröte (Kinosternon baurii) - eine Schildkröte für kleine Aquarien?. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (47): 56-64 - get paper here
  • Glaser, A.M. 2006. Kinosternon baurii - The Striped Mud Turtle. Reptilia (GB) (49): 36-42 - get paper here
  • Hennig, A.S. 2004. Haltung von Wasserschildkröten. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 125 pp. - get paper here
  • Iverson, John B. 1978. Variation in striped mud turtles, Kinosternon baurii, (Reptilia, Testudines, Kinosternidae). Journal of Herpetology 12 (2): 135-142 - get paper here
  • Jamniczky, H. A. and A. P. Russell 2007. Reappraisal of Patterns of Nonmarine Cryptodiran Turtle Carotid Circulation: Evidence From Osteological Correlates and Soft Tissues. JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY 268:571–587
  • Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
  • Johnston, Gerald R., Jordan Schmitt and Joseph C. Mitchell. 2015. Kinosternon baurii (striped mud turtle) autohirudinophagy. Herpetological Review 46 (1): 81-82
  • Krysko, K.K.; Enge, K.M.; Donlan, E.M.; Golden, E.Z.; Burgess, J.P. & Larson, K.W. 2009. THE NON-MARINE HERPETOFAUNA OF KEY BISCAYNE, FLORIDA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (1):132-142 - get paper here
  • Lamb, T. 1983. The striped mud turtle (Kinosternon bauri) in South Carolina, a confirmation through multivariate character analysis. Herpetologica 39 (4): 383-390 - get paper here
  • Lamb, T. 1983. On the problematic identification of Kinosternon (Testudines: Kinosternidae) in Georgia, with new state localities for Kinosternon bauri. Georgia J. Sci. 41: 115-120
  • Lamb, T.; Lovich, J. 1990. Morphometric validation of the striped mud turtle (Kinosternon baurii) in the Carolinas and Virginia. Copeia 1990 (3): 613-618 - get paper here
  • Lönnberg, Einar 1894. Notes on reptiles and batrachians collected in Florida in 1892 and 1893. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 17 (1003): 317-339 - get paper here
  • Lovich, Jeffrey E.;Lamb, Trip 1995. Morphometric similarity between the turtles Kinosternon subrubrum hippocrepis and K. baurii. Journal of Herpetology 29 (4): 621-624 - get paper here
  • Luison, Andrea and Stefano Redaelli. 2014. Haltung, Vermehrung und Aufzucht der Dreistreifen-Klappschildkröte Kinosternon baurii Garman, 1891. Schildkröten im Fokus 11 (2): 3-16
  • Mays, Jonathan D., Enge, Kevin M., Emerick, Adam and Hill, E. Pierson 2017. New island records for reptiles in the Florida Keys, Monroe County, Florida, USA Herpetological Review 48 (1): 145-146 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2005. Chelonian Illustrations #21: Mud turtles of the United States and Morthern Mexico. Reptilia (GB) (41): 80-83 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Praschag, R. 1983. Zur Fortpflanzungsbiologie von Kinosternon baurii (GARMAN, 1891) mit Bemerkungen über eine abnorme Gelegehäufigkeit und die Embryonalentwicklung (Testudines: Kinosternidae) Salamandra 19 (3): 141-150 - get paper here
  • Sachsse, W. 1977. Normale und pathologische Phänomene bei Zuchtversuchen mit Schildkröten, hier anhand von Kinosternon bauri (Reptilia, Testudines, Kinosternidae) Salamandra 13 (1): 22-35 - get paper here
  • Schilde, M. 2001. Schlammschildkröten: Kinosternon, Sternotherus, Claudius, Staurotypus. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 136 pp. - get paper here
  • Schilde, M. 2003. Family Kinosternidae. Reptilia (GB) (26): 16-21 - get paper here
  • Stejneger ,L.H. 1925. New species and subspecies of American turtles. Journ. Washington Acad. Sci. 15 (20): 462-463 - get paper here
  • Thomas, Travis M., Eric Suarez and Kevin M. Enge. 2015. New county records of reptiles from the Suwannee River, Florida, USA. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 608
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • Uzzell, Thomas M.;Schwartz, Albert 1955. The status of the turtle Kinosternon bauri palmarum Stejneger with notes on variation in the species. J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 71 (1): 28-35 - get paper here
  • Wilson, Dawn S. and Stephen A. Karl 2001. Genetic relatedness of populations of the Mud Turtle, Kinosternon baurii, from mainland Florida and the upper and lower Florida Keys. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 4 (1): 228-230.
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