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Kinosternon hirtipes (WAGLER, 1830)

IUCN Red List - Kinosternon hirtipes - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaKinosternidae (Kinosterninae), Kinosternoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesKinosternon hirtipes hirtipes (WAGLER 1830)
Kinosternon hirtipes chapalaense IVERSON 1981
Kinosternon hirtipes magdalense IVERSON 1981
Kinosternon hirtipes megacephalum IVERSON 1981
Kinosternon hirtipes murrayi GLASS & HARTWEG 1951
Kinosternon hirtipes tarascense IVERSON 1981 
Common NamesMexican Mud Turtle, Rough-footed Mud Turtle
murrayi: Big Bend Mud Turtle, Mexican Plateau Mud Turtle 
SynonymCinosternon hirtipes WAGLER 1830
Cinosternon Hirtipes — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 370
Cinosternum hirtipes — GÜNTHER 1885: 15
Cinosternum hirtipes — BOULENGER 1889
Kinosternon hirtipes — LINER 1994
Kinosternon hirtipes — CROTHER 2000
Kinosternon hirtipes — TTWG 2014: 348

Kinosternon hirtipes hirtipes (WAGLER 1830)
Kinosternon hirtipes hirtipes — MERTENS & WERMUTH 1955
Kinosternon hirtipes hirtipes — RHODIN et al. 2010
Kinosternon hirtipes — TTWG 2014: 348

Kinosternon hirtipes chapalaense IVERSON 1981
Kinosternon hirtipes chapalense — RHODIN et al. 2010
Kinosternon hirtipes chapalaense — TTWG 2014: 348

Kinosternon hirtipes magdalense IVERSON 1981
Kinosternon hirtipes magdalense — RHODIN et al. 2010
Kinosternon hirtipes magdalense — TTWG 2014: 348

Kinosternon hirtipes megacephalum IVERSON 1981
Kinosternon megacephalum — JOSEPH-OUNI 2003
Kinosternon hirtipes megacephalum — TTWG 2014: 348

Kinosternon hirtipes murrayi GLASS & HARTWEG 1951
Kinosternon murrayi GLASS & HARTWEG 1951
Kinosternon hirtipes murrayi — SCHMIDT 1953
Kinosternon hirtipes murrayi — CONANT & BERRY 1978
Kinosternon hirtipes murrayi — CROTHER 2000
Kinosternon hirtipes murrayi — TTWG 2014: 348

Kinosternon hirtipes tarascense IVERSON 1981
Kinosternon hirtipes tarascae (in error)
Kinosternon hirtipes tarascense — RHODIN et al. 2010
Kinosternon hirtipes tarascense — TTWG 2014: 348 
DistributionUSA (SW Texas), Mexico (Coahuila, San Luis Potosí, Distrito Federal, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Mexico, Michoacan, Morelos, Chihuahua, Durango, Zacatecas, Aguascalientes, Querétaro, Hidalgo)

hirtipes: Mexico (Valley of Mexico, Distrito Federal, Mexico, Morelos); Type locality: "Mexico"; restricted by Schmidt (1953: 89), to "lakes near Mexico City," Mexico.

chapalaense: Mexico (Jalisco and Michoacán); Type locality: Lake Chapala (20°18'N 103°12'W), 0.25 miles off Chapala, Jalisco, Mexico.

magdalense: Mexico (Magdalena Valley of Michoacán); Type locality: along the face of the dam at Presa San Juanico (ca. 19°50'N 102°40'W), Michoacán, Mexico.

megacephalum: Mexico (Coahuila); Type locality: 3.2 km SE Viesca (25°21'N 102°48'W), Coahuila, Mexico.

murrayi: USA (Big Bend region of Texas), Mexico (Coahuila, E Chihuahua, Zacatecas, N Jalisco, N Michoacán, Sinaloa); Type locality: Harper Ranch, 37 miles south of Marfa, Presidio County, Texas.

tarascense: Mexico (Lago de Pátzcuaro Basin of Michoacán); Type locality: Lago de Patzcuaro (19°32'N 101°36'W), adjacent to city of Pátzcuaro, Michoacán, Mexico. Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: ZSM 1374, 0.
Holotype: UMMZ [chapalaense] 
CommentNot listed by CONANT & COLLINS 1991.

Conservation: K. h. megacephalum has been extinct since ca. 1966 (fide JOSEPH-OUNI 2003). 
EtymologyNamed after the Latin words hirtus, meaning "rough" and pes, meaning "foot," in reference to the large and overlapping scales on the foot. This character is not distinctive for this species, since it occurs in all members of the genus, but at the time of its description Wagler was unaware of this.
 
References
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Conant, Roger; Berry, James F. 1978. Turtles of the family Kinosternidae in the Southwestern United States and adjacent Mexico: Identification and distribution. American Museum Novitates (2642): 1-18 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Dixon, James R. and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2010. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Queretaro, Mexico. Tlalnepantla UNAM, 428 pp.
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Ernst, Carl H.; Lovich, Jeffrey E. 2009. Turtles of the United States and Canada, 2nd edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, 827 pp. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Glass,Bryan and Hartweg,Norman 1951. Kinosternon murrayi, a new musk turtle of the hirtipes group from Texas. Copeia 1951 (1): 50-52 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. C. L. G. 1885. Reptilia and Batrachia. Biologia Centrali-Américana. Taylor, & Francis, London, 326 pp. [published in parts from 1885-1902; reprint by the SSAR 1987] - get paper here
  • Hibbitts, Troy D. and Terry L. Hibbitts 2016. Texas Turtles & Crocodilians: a Field Guide. University of Texas Press, Austin, Texas. xvi + 276 pp., 117 photos, 36 maps. ISBN 978-1477307779.
  • Iverson, J. B. 1985. Geographic variation in sexual dimorphism in the mud turtle Kinosternon hirtipes. Copeia 1985 (2): 388-393 - get paper here
  • Iverson, J.B. 1981. Biosystematics of the Kinosternon hirtipes species group (Testudines: Kinosternidae). Tulane Studies in Zoology and Botany 23: 1-74. - get paper here
  • Iverson, J.B. 1985. Kinosternon hirtipes (Wagler). Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 361:1-4. - get paper here
  • Joseph-Ouni, M. 2003. Profiles of Extinction #3: Viesca Mud turtle - Kinosternon megacephalum. Reptilia (GB) (29): 3 - get paper here
  • Legler, J.M.& Vogt, R.C. 2013. The Turtles of Mexico: Land and Freshwater Forms. University of California Press, 416 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • Leyte-Manrique, Adrian; Efrén M. Hernández Navarro y Luis A. Escobedo-Morales 2015. Herpetofauna de Guanajuato: Un análisis histórico y contemporáneo de su conocimiento Revista Mexicana de Herpetología 1(1): 1–14 - get paper here
  • McCord,R.D.; Strauss,R.E. & Lowe,C.H. 1990. Morphometric variation in Kinosternon turtles of the Western United States and adjacent Mexico. Journal of Herpetology 24 (3): 297-301 - get paper here
  • McCranie, J.R. & Wilson, L.D. 2001. The herpetofauna of the Mexican State of Aguascalientes. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 230: 1-57
  • Platt, Steven G. and Lewis Medlock. 2015. Kinosternon hirtipes (rough-footed mud turtle) aerial basking, winter activity, habitat, and new locality. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 424-425
  • Platt, Steven G.; Andrew R. Berezin, Dennis J. Miller, and Thomas R. Rainwater 2016. A Dietary Study of the Rough-footed Mud Turtle (Kinosternon hirtipes) in Texas, USA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (1) - get paper here
  • Platt, Steven G.; Dennis J. Miller, Thomas R Rainwater, Jennifer L. Smith 2016. Notes on the reproductive ecology of the rough-footed mud turtle (Kinosternon hirtipes) in Texas, USA Acta Herpetologica 11 (2): 221-225 - get paper here
  • Reyes-Velasco, Jacobo; John B. Iverson, and Oscar Flores-Villela 2013. The Conservation Status of Several Endemic Mexican Kinosternid Turtles. Chelonian Conservation and Biology Jul 2013, Vol. 12, No. 1: 203-208. - get paper here
  • Schilde, M. 2001. Schlammschildkröten: Kinosternon, Sternotherus, Claudius, Staurotypus. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 136 pp. - get paper here
  • Schilde, M. 2003. Family Kinosternidae. Reptilia (GB) (26): 16-21 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P. 1953. A Checklist of North American Amphibians and Reptiles. 6th ed. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, Chicago, 280 pp.
  • Smith, Jennifer L., Steven G. Platt and Wiebke J. Boeing. 2015. Kinosternon hirtipes (rough-footed mud turtle) maximum size and habitat. Herpetological Review 46 (1): 82-83
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1936. Notes on the Herpetological fauna of the Mexican state of Sinaloa. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 24 (20): 505-537 - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J.; van Dijk, P.P.; Iverson, J.B. & Shaffer, H.B. [turtle taxonomy working group] 2010. Turtles of the World, 2010 Update: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v3.2010
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Trápaga 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • Valverde, J. 2011. Die Schildkröten Mexikos. Reptilia (Münster) 16 (91): 16-23 - get paper here
  • Van Devender, Thomas R.;Lowe, Charles H. Lowe, Jr. 1977. Amphibians and reptiles of Yepomera, Chihuahua, Mexico. Journal of Herpetology 11 (1): 41-50 - get paper here
  • Vázquez Díaz, Joel;Quintero Díaz, Gustavo E. 2005. Anfibios y Reptiles de Aguascalientes [2nd ed.]. CONABIO, CIEMA, 318 pp.
  • Wagler, Jean G. 1830. Natürliches System der Amphibien, mit vorangehender Classification der Säugetiere und Vögel. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Zoologie. 1.0. Cotta, München, Stuttgart, and Tübingen, 354 pp.
  • Webb, R.G. 1984. Herpetogeography in the Mazatlán-Durango Region of the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico. Vetrebrate Ecology and Systematics - A ribute to Henry S. Fitch; Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, pp. 217-241
 
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