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Kinosternon integrum LE CONTE, 1854

IUCN Red List - Kinosternon integrum - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaKinosternidae (Kinosterninae), Kinosternoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
Common NamesMexican Mud Turtle 
SynonymKinosternon integrum LE CONTE 1854: 183
Thyrosternum integrum — AGASSIZ 1857: 429 (fide BOCOURT 1876)
Cinosternon rostellum BOCOURT 1876: 391
Cinosternon integrum — BOCOURT 1876: 393
Cinosternum integrum — GÜNTHER 1885: 16
Cinosternon guanajuatense DUGÈS 1888
Cinosternum integrum — BOULENGER 1889
Cinosternum scorpioides integrum — SIEBENROCK 1906
Cinosternum scorpioides integrum forma mexicana SIEBENROCK 1907
Kinosternon integrum — McCORD et al. 1990
Kinosternon integrum — LINER 1994
Kinosternon integrum — LINER 2007
Kinosternon integrum — TTWG 2014: 348 
DistributionMexico (Guanjuato, Hidalgo, Morelos, Puebla, San Luis Potosi, Zacatecas, S Sonora, SW Chihuahua, Sinaloa, Nayarit, Jalisco, Colima, Michoacan, Guerrero, Oaxaca, on the central plateau from central Durango and S Nuevo Leon southward to central Oaxaca, SW Tamaulipas, Aguascalientes, Querétaro, Guanajuato)

Type locality: "Mexico"; restricted by Smith and Taylor (1950: 35), to "Acapulco, Guerrero," Mexico. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: ANSP (fide SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 25) 
CommentEarly literature confused this species with Kinosternon alamosae and Kinosternon hirtipes. Reviewed by Iverson 1981.

Habitat: freshwater (swamps, quiet rivers) 
EtymologyNamed after the Latin word integer, meaning "whole, entire, or all," perhaps in reference to the condition of the plastron in this species, with which a turtle is able to completely cover the head, skin, limbs, and tail (Lemos-Espinal & Dixon 2013). 
  • Aguirre-Hidalgo, Victor, Miriam Illescas-Aparicio and Adriana J. Gonzalez-Hernandez. 2014. Geographic Distribution: Kinosternon integrum (Mexican mud turtle). Herpetological Review 45 (3): 460
  • Barragán-Ramírez, José Luis, Alejandro Oceguera-Figueroa, José de Jesús Ascencio-Arrayga, Fidel Rodriguez-Ramírez and José Luis Navarrete-Heredia. 2013. Kinosternon integrum (Mexican mud turtle) ectoparasites. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 305-306
  • Berry, J.F., and J.M. Legler. 1980. A new turtle (genus Kinosternon) from Sonora, Mexico. Contributions in Science. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County 325: 1-12. - get paper here
  • Bocourt, F. 1876. Note sur quelques reptiles de l'Isthme de Tehuantepec (Mexique) donnés par M. Sumichrast au museum. Journal de Zoologie. Paris. 5 (5-6): 386-411 - get paper here
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Castro-Franco, Rubén, María Guasalupe Bustos-Zagal 1994. List of reptiles of Morelos, Mexico, and their distribution in relation to vegetation types. Southwestern Naturalist 39 (2): 171-175 - get paper here
  • Cobarrubias, Edgar Flores; Daniel Cruz-Sáenz, and David Lazcano 2012. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Western Mexico 6: Amphibians and Reptiles of Hostotipaquillo, Jalisco, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 47 (2):21-26 - get paper here
  • Cupul, F. 2011. Mythen, Legenden und Fakten über mexikanische Schildkröten. Reptilia (Münster) 16 (91): 29-33 - get paper here
  • Dixon, James R. and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2010. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Queretaro, Mexico. Tlalnepantla UNAM, 428 pp.
  • Dugès, ALFREDO 1888. Erpetología del Valle de México. La Naturaleza, ser. 2, vol. 1: 97-146 [1887] - get paper here
  • Enderson, Erik F.; Thomas R. Van Devender, Robert L. Bezy 2014. Amphibians and reptiles of Yécora, Sonora and the Madrean Tropical Zone of the Sierra Madre Occidental in northwestern Mexico. Check List 10 (4): 913-926 - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Grychta, U. 1996. Haltung und Nachzucht der Mexiko - Klappschildkröte Kinosternon integrum Le Conte, 1854. Sauria 18 (3): 13-15 - get paper here
  • Iverson, J.B. 1981. Biosystematics of the Kinosternon hirtipes species group (Testudines: Kinosternidae). Tulane Studies in Zoology and Botany 23: 1-74. - get paper here
  • Iverson, J.B., & Berry, J.F. 1979. The mud turtle genus Kinosternon in northeastern Mexico. Herpetologica 35 (4): 318-324. - get paper here
  • Iverson, John B ; Young, Cameron A; Berry, James F 1998. Kinosternon integrum LeConte (Mexican mud turtle). Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 652: 1-6 - get paper here
  • Le Conte, J. 1854. Description of four new species of Kinosternum. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 7: 180-190 - get paper here
  • Legler, J.M.& Vogt, R.C. 2013. The Turtles of Mexico: Land and Freshwater Forms. University of California Press, 416 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • Leyte-Manrique, Adrian, Efrén M. Hernández-Navarro and Vicente Mata-Silva. 2014. Kinosternon integrum (Mexican mud turtle) mortality. Herpetological Review 45 (2): 315-316
  • Leyte-Manrique, Adrian; Efrén M. Hernández Navarro y Luis A. Escobedo-Morales 2015. Herpetofauna de Guanajuato: Un análisis histórico y contemporáneo de su conocimiento Revista Mexicana de Herpetología 1(1): 1–14 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Loc-Barragán, Jesús A., Ernesto Caravantes-Estrada, Christian E. Hernández-Franco, Juan Pablo Ramírez-Silva and Guillermo Woolrich-Piña. 2016. Kinosternon integrum LeConte, 1854. Mexico, Nayarit. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (3): 786
  • Macip-Rios, Rodrigo; Casas-Andreu, Gustavo 2006. Kinosternon integrum (Mexican mud turtle). Size. Herpetological Review 37 (1): 79. - get paper here
  • Macip-Ríos, Rodrigo; Pablo Brauer-Robleda, Gustavo Casas-Andreu, María de Lourdes Arias-Cisneros, and Víctor Hugo Sustaita-Rodríguez 2012. Evidence for the Morphological Constraint Hypothesis and Optimal Offspring Size Theory in the Mexican Mud Turtle (Kinosternon integrum). Zoological Science 29 (1): 60-65.
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • McCord,R.D.; Strauss,R.E. & Lowe,C.H. 1990. Morphometric variation in Kinosternon turtles of the Western United States and adjacent Mexico. Journal of Herpetology 24 (3): 297-301 - get paper here
  • McCranie, J.R. & Wilson, L.D. 2001. The herpetofauna of the Mexican State of Aguascalientes. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 230: 1-57
  • McDiarmid, Roy W. 1963. A collection of reptiles and amphibians from the highland faunal assemblage of western Mexico. Contributions in Science (68): 1-15
  • Mosimann, J.E. 1956. Variation and relative growth in the plastral scutes of the turtle Kinosternon integrum Leconte. Miscellaneous Publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan 97:1-43 - get paper here
  • Schilde, M. 2001. Schlammschildkröten: Kinosternon, Sternotherus, Claudius, Staurotypus. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 136 pp. - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A.; Elí García-Padilla, Francisco E. Leyto-Delgado, and Leccinum J. García- Morales 2015. New records and distributional range extensions for amphibians and reptiles from Tamaulipas, Mexico. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (2): 208-214 - get paper here
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Trápaga 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • Vázquez Díaz, Joel;Quintero Díaz, Gustavo E. 2005. Anfibios y Reptiles de Aguascalientes [2nd ed.]. CONABIO, CIEMA, 318 pp.
  • Webb, Robert G.;Hensley, Max 1959. Notes on reptiles from the Mexican State of Durango. Publications of the Museum - Michigan State University, Biological Series 1 (6): 249-258
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