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Kinosternon sonoriense LE CONTE, 1854

IUCN Red List - Kinosternon sonoriense - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaKinosternidae (Kinosterninae), Kinosternoidea, Testudines (turtles) 
SubspeciesKinosternon sonoriense longifemorale IVERSON 1981
Kinosternon sonoriense sonoriense LE CONTE 1854 
Common NamesSonoran Mud Turtle
longifemorale: Sonoyta Mud Turtle
sonoriense: Sonoran Mud Turtle 
SynonymKinosternon sonoriense LE CONTE 1854: 184
Kinosternum sonoriense LE CONTE 1854
Kinosternum henrici LE CONTE 1860
Cinosternum henrici BOULENGER 1889
Kinosternon sonoriense — STEBBINS 1985: 99
Kinosternon sonoriense — LINER 1994
Kinosternon sonoriense — TTWG 2014

Kinosternon sonoriense longifemorale IVERSON 1981
Kinosternon sonoriense longifemorale — CROTHER 2000
Kinosternon sonoriense longifemorale — RHODIN et al. 2010
Kinosternon sonoriense longifemorale — TTWG 2014

Kinosternon sonoriense sonoriense LE CONTE 1854
Cinosternum sonoriense — GÜNTHER 1885: 13
Kinosternon sonoriense sonoriense — CROTHER 2000
Kinosternon sonoriense sonoriense — RHODIN et al. 2010
Kinosternon sonoriense sonoriense — TTWG 2014: 350 
DistributionUSA (Arizona, New Mexico),
Mexico (Sonora, NW Chihuahua)

Type locality: "Tucson, in Sonora," (=Tucson, Pima County), Arizona, U.S.A.

henrici: Type locality: New Mexico;

sonoriense: USA (California [extirpated], Arizona, New Mexico), Mexico (Sonora, NW Chihuahua).
longifemorale: USA (Arizona) - Mexico (Sonora) border region in the upper Sonoyta River basin, in the vicinities of Lukeville.Type locality: "Tucson, in Sonora," (=Tucson, Pima County), Arizona, U.S.A. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: USNM 21710
Holotype: USNM 21710 [longifemorale]
Holotype: ANSP 83 [henrici] 
CommentNot listed by CONANT & COLLINS 1991.

Distribution: This species used to be present in California but seems to be extinct there now.

Habitat: freshwater (swamps, quiet rivers) 
References
  • Bezy, Robert L. and Charles J. Cole 2014. Amphibians and Reptiles of the Madrean Archipelago of Arizona and New Mexico. American Museum Novitates (3810): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598
  • Conant, Roger; Berry, James F. 1978. Turtles of the family Kinosternidae in the Southwestern United States and adjacent Mexico: Identification and distribution. American Museum Novitates (2642): 1-18 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Degenhardt, William G.; C. W. Painter, and A. H. Price 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of New Mexico. Univ. New Mexico Press, 431 pp.
  • Enderson, Erik F.; Thomas R. Van Devender, Robert L. Bezy 2014. Amphibians and reptiles of Yécora, Sonora and the Madrean Tropical Zone of the Sierra Madre Occidental in northwestern Mexico. Check List 10 (4): 913-926 - get paper here
  • Ernst, Carl H.; Lovich, Jeffrey E. 2009. Turtles of the United States and Canada, 2nd edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, 827 pp. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • FLESCH, AARON D.; DON E. SWANN, DALE S. TURNER, AND BRIAN F. POWELL 2010. HERPETOFAUNA OF THE RINCON MOUNTAINS, ARIZONA. Southwestern Naturalist 55(2):240–253 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. C. L. G. 1885. Reptilia and Batrachia. Biologia Centrali-Américana. Taylor, & Francis, London, 326 pp. [published in parts from 1885-1902; reprint by the SSAR 1987] - get paper here
  • Iverson, J.B. 1976. Kinosternon sonoriense. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles 176:1-2. - get paper here
  • Iverson, J.B. 1981. Biosystematics of the Kinosternon hirtipes species group (Testudines: Kinosternidae). Tulane Studies in Zoology and Botany 23: 1-74. - get paper here
  • Le Conte, J. 1854. Description of four new species of Kinosternum. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 7: 180-190 - get paper here
  • Legler, J.M.& Vogt, R.C. 2013. The Turtles of Mexico: Land and Freshwater Forms. University of California Press, 416 pp.
  • Lovich, Jeffrey E.; Madrak, Sheila V.; Drost, Charles A.; Monatesti, Anthony J.; Casper, Dennis; Znari, Mohammed 2012. Optimal egg size in a suboptimal environment: reproductive ecology of female Sonora mud turtles (Kinosternon sonoriense) in central Arizona, USA. Amphibia-Reptilia 33 (2): 161-170 - get paper here
  • Massengill, Jeremy K., B. Ryan Faught and Paul A. Stone. 2014. Kinosternon sonoriense (Sonoran mud turtle) winter mortality. Herpetological Review 45 (2): 316
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2005. Chelonian Illustrations #21: Mud turtles of the United States and Morthern Mexico. Reptilia (GB) (41): 80-83 - get paper here
  • McCord,R.D.; Strauss,R.E. & Lowe,C.H. 1990. Morphometric variation in Kinosternon turtles of the Western United States and adjacent Mexico. Journal of Herpetology 24 (3): 297-301 - get paper here
  • Peno, Samantha S; Brian D Stanila, Marie E. B Stone, and Paul A Stone 2016. Inverse Relationship between Biting and Head Retraction in an Ontogenetic Series of Sonoran Mud Turtles (Kinosternon sonoriense) Journal of Herpetology 50 (1): 26-28. - get paper here
  • Riedle, J. Daren; Philip C. Rosen, Richard T. Kazmaier, Peter Holm, and Cristina A. Jones 2012. Conservation Status of an Endemic Kinosternid, Kinosternon sonoriense longifemorale, in Arizona. Chelonian Conservation and Biology Dec 2012, Vol. 11, No. 2: 182-189. - get paper here
  • Schilde, M. 2001. Schlammschildkröten: Kinosternon, Sternotherus, Claudius, Staurotypus. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 136 pp. - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Stone, Paul A.; Justin D. Congdon, and Chelsea L. Smith 2014. Conservation Triage of Sonoran Mud Turtles. Herp. Cons. Biol. 9 (3): 448-453 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward Harrison 1938. Notes on the herpetological fauna of the Mexican state of Sonora. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 24 (19): 475-503 [1936] - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J.; van Dijk, P.P.; Iverson, J.B. & Shaffer, H.B. [turtle taxonomy working group] 2010. Turtles of the World, 2010 Update: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v3.2010
  • Valverde, J. 2011. Die Schildkröten Mexikos. Reptilia (Münster) 16 (91): 16-23 - get paper here
  • van Loben Sels, Richard C.; Congdon, Justin D.; Austin, Josiah T. 1997. Life history and ecology of the Sonoran mud turtle (Kinosternon sonoriense) in southeastern Arizona: a preliminary report. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 2 (3): 338-344
  • Werning, Heiko 2012. Die Reptilien und Amphibien des Südwestens. Draco 13 (50): 18-60 - get paper here
 
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