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Kinyongia tavetana (STEINDACHNER, 1891)

IUCN Red List - Kinyongia tavetana - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesE: Kilimanjaro two-horned chamaeleon
G: Kilimanjaro Zweihornchamäleon 
SynonymChamaeleon tavetanus STEINDACHNER 1891
Chamaeleon tavetensis STEINDACHNER 1891
Chamaeleo abbotti STEJNEGER 1891
Chamaeleo taitensis - STEJNEGER 1893 (err. pro Ch. tavetanus STEINDACHNER 1891)
Chamaeleon tavetensis — BOULENGER 1892: 73
Bradypodion fischeri tavetanum — LOVERIDGE 1957
Bradypodion tavetanum — KLAVER & BÖHME 1997
Bradypodion tavetanum — NECAS 1999: 191
Kinyongia tavetana — TILBURY et al. 2006
Kinyongia tavetana — TILBURY 2010: 394 
DistributionKenya (Teita Mts.), Tanzania (Arusha, Kilimanjaro, N Pare Mts.)

Type locality: Kilimanjaro, East Africa, 4500 ft. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesLectotype: NMW 7919: 1 (male); Paralectotype NMW 7919: 2 (male) 
CommentDifferential diagnosis: K. tavetana is easily differentiated from all other two-horned species by the triangular section of the horns and absence of a dorsal crest in males. 
EtymologyNamed after the “Taveta” forest at the Southern foot of the Kilimanjaro. STEINDACHNER’s 1891 paper has been published twice with different spellings of “tavetanum” 
  • Angel, Fernand 1925. Résultats Scientifiques. Vertebrata. Reptiles et Batraciens. [Mabuia (Mabuiopsis) jeanneli, Lygosoma graueri quinquedigitata, Ablepharus massaiensis]. In: Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911-1912). - Paris, 2: 1-63.
  • Böhle, A. 2007. Die Haltung von Hochland-Chamäleons. Draco 7 (27): 40-44 - get paper here
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1892. On newly-discoverded East African chameleons, with remarks on some other reptiles described by Dr. Steindachner. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 9: 72. - get paper here
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Hellmich, Walter 1956. Die von Dr. Christa Lindemann und Nin Pavlitzki in Tanganjika gesammelten Chamaeleons. Veröffentlichungen der Zoologischen Staatssammlung München 4: 117-124 - get paper here
  • Klaver, C. & W. Böhme 1990. Zur Kenntnis von Bradypodion uthmoelleri (MÜLLER, 1938). Salamandra 26 (4): 260-266
  • Klaver,Ch. J.J. & Böhme,W. 1997. Chamaeleonidae. Das Tierreich, 112: XIV, 1-85
  • Lantermann, W. 2000. Begegnungen mit Chamäleons in Ostafrika. Elaphe 8 (1): 67-72
  • Loveridge,A. 1957. Check list of the reptiles and amphibians of east Africa (Uganda, Kenya, Tanganyika, Zanzibar). Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 117 (2): 153-362 - get paper here
  • Lutzmann, N. 1998. Anmerkungen zu einer Nachzuchtstatistik. Elaphe 6 (4): 76-79
  • Lutzmann, N. 2004. Females carrying males in chameleon courtship. Reptilia (GB) (35): 34-36 - get paper here
  • Lutzmann, N. 2004. Huckepack zur Hochzeit: warum tragen einige Chamäleonweibchen die Männchen auf dem Rücken?. Reptilia (Münster) 9 (48): 38-40 - get paper here
  • Lutzmann, N. & Necas, P. 2002. Zum Status von Bradypodion tavetanum (STEINDACHNER 1891) aus den Taita Hills, Kenia, mit Beschreibung einer neuen Unterart (Reptilia: Sauria: Chamaeleonidae). Salamandra 38 (1): 5-14
  • Mariaux, Jean; Lutzmann, N. & Stipala, Jan 2008. The two-horned chamaeleons of East Africa. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2008, 152, 367–391
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Necas, Petr and David Modry. 1998. Bradypodion tavetanum (Steindachner). Sauria (Suppl.) 20 (3): 431-434. - get paper here
  • Razzetti, E. & Msuya, C.A. 2002. Field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of Arusha National Park (Tanzania). Publ. Ed. Negri Istituto, Oikos, Varese, 84 pp.
  • Rovero, F., Menegon, M., Fjeldså, J., Collett, L., Doggart, N., Leonard, C., Norton, G., Owen, N., Perkin, A., Spitale, D., Ahrends, A., Burgess, N. D. 2014. Targeted vertebrate surveys enhance the faunal importance and improve explanatory models within the Eastern Arc Mountains of Kenya and Tanzania. Diversity and Distributions. doi: 10.1111/ddi.12246 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • Spawls, S. & Rotich, D. 1997. An annotated checklist of the lizards of Kenya. J. East African Nat. Hist. 86: 61-83 - get paper here
  • Stegmann, T. 1997. Haltung und Zucht von Bradypodion tavetanum. Sauria 19 (2): 13-19 - get paper here
  • Steindachner, F. 1891. Über einige neue und seltene Reptilien und Amphibien. Anz. Akad. Wiss. Wien 28: 141-144 - get paper here
  • Steindachner, F. 1891. Bericht über die von Herrn Linienschiffsleutenant Ritter von Höhnel während der Graf Samuel Telekis ostafrikanischer Expedition gesammelten Reptilien. Sitzungsb. Akad. Wiss., Wien 100 (1): 307-313. - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1891. Description of a new species of Chamaeleon from Kilimanjaro, eastern Africa. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 14 (857): 353-354. - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1893. On some collections of reptiles and batrachians from East Africa and the adjacent islands, recently received from Dr. W. L. Abbott and Mr. William Astor Chanler, with descriptions of new species. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 16: 711-741 - get paper here
  • Tilbury C.R., Tolley K.A. & Branch W.R. 2006. A review of the systematics of the genus Bradypodion (Sauria: Chamaeleonidae), with the description of two new genera. Zootaxa 1363, 23–38 (correction in Zootaxa 1426: 68) - get paper here
  • Tilbury, C. 2010. Chameleons of Africa: An Atlas, Including the Chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt M., 831 pp.
  • TRÖGER, M. 1993. Nachzucht von Bradypodion fischeri tavetanus. Mitteilungsblatt AG Chamäleons 9: 4. - get paper here
  • van Hoof, J. et al. 2006. Kameleons, een fascinerende hobby. Lacerta 64 (5-6): 1-96 - get paper here
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