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Lamprolepis smaragdina (LESSON, 1829)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Lygosominae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesLamprolepis smaragdina acutirostre (OUDEMANS 1894)
Lamprolepis smaragdina philippinica (MERTENS 1928)
Lamprolepis smaragdina smaragdina (LESSON 1826)
Lamprolepis smaragdina viridipuncta (LESSON 1830)
Lamprolepis smaragdina moluccarum (BARBOUR 1911) 
Common NamesE: Emerald Skink, Green Tree Skink
G: Smaragdgrüner Glanzskink, Philippinischer Smaragdskink 
SynonymHinulia (Keneuxia) smaragdina LESSON 1826: 43
Scincus smaragdinus LESSON 1829 (fide LESCURE 2015)
Scincus viridipunctus LESSON 1829: 44
Lygosoma smaragdina — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 738
Lamprolepis smaragdina — FITZINGER in TREITSCHKE 1842: 139
Keneuxia smaragdina — GRAY [1845: 79]
Lygosoma (Hinulia) smaragdinum var. viridifuscum PETERS 1873
Keneuxia smaragdina — BOCOURT 1880: 235
Lygosoma smaragdinum — BOULENGER 1887: 250
Lygosoma smaragdinum elberti STERNFELD 1918
Lygosoma smaragdinum nigrum STERNFELD 1918
Dasia smaragdinum — TAYLOR 1922
Lygosoma smaragdinum smaragdinum — STERNFELD 1918: 399
Dasia smaragdinum melas MERTENS 1929
Dasia smaragdina elberti — MERTENS 1930: 149
Lamprolepis smaragdina — GREER 1970
Lygosoma smaragdinum — LIU YU 1970
Lamprolepis smaragdina — BROWN & ALCALA 1980: 76
Lamprolepis smaragdina — MYS 1988: 139
Lamprolepis smaragdina — FRANK & RAMUS 1995: 188
Lamprolepis smaragdinum — BAUER et al. 1995: 65
Lamprolepis smaragdina — MCCOY 2000
Lamprolepis smaragdina — WHITING et al. 2003
Lamprolepis smaragdinum — BAUER 2003
Lamprolepis cf. smaragdina — KAISER et al. 2013
Lamprolepis cf. smaragdina — KOCH 2012

Lamprolepis smaragdina acutirostre (OUDEMANS 1894)
Lygosoma acutirostre OUDEMANS 1894: 141
Lygosoma smaragdinum celebense DE ROOIJ 1915: 201 (non Lygosoma celebense MÜLLER 1894)
Dasia smaragdinum acutirostre — DAAN & HILLENIUS 1966: 131
Lamprolepis (smaragdina) acutirostris — KOCH 2011: 224

Lamprolepis smaragdina moluccarum (BARBOUR 1911)
Dasia smaragdina moluccarum — BRONGERSMA 1948: 491
Lamprolepis smaragdina moluccarum — SETIADY & HAMIDY 2006
Lamprolepis (smaragdina) cf. moluccarum — KOCH 2011: 224

Lamprolepis smaragdina philippinica (MERTENS 1928)
Dasia smaragdinum philippinicum MERTENS 1929: 216
Lamprolepis smaragdina philippinica — BROWN et al. 1996
Lamprolepis smaragdina philippinica — LAGAT 2009
Lamprolepis smaragdina philippinica — SILER et al. 012
Lamprolepis smaragdina philippinica — BROWN et al. 2013
Lamprolepis smaragdina philippinica — SUPSUP et al. 2016
Lamprolepis smaragdina philippinica — SANGUILA et al. 2016

Lamprolepis smaragdinum pisangense BRONGERSMA 1931
Lygosoma smaragdinum pisangense BRONGERSMA 1931: 24
Dasia smaragdinum pisangense — DAAN & HILLENIUS 1966: 134

Lamprolepis smaragdina viridipuncta (LESSON 1830)
Scincus viridipunctus LESSON 1830
Dasia smaragdina viridipunctum — FISHER 1948
Lamprolepis smaragdinum viridipunctum — BAUER 2003
Lamprolepis smaragdina viridipuncta — KOCH et al. 2009 
DistributionAdmirality Islands, Marshall Islands,
Indonesia: Lombok, Flores, Alor, Sumba, Savu, Roti, Timor, Wetar, Selayar, Sulawesi, Obi, Bacan, Ternate, Halmahera, Morotai, Buru, Ambon, Saparua, Haruku, Seram, Nusa Laut, Banda, Babar, Damar, Tanimbar and Kai Islands, Misool, Waigeo, Salawati and Irian Jaya (New Guinea), Timor-Leste, Solomon Islands [McCoy 2000]; Taiwan (fide LIU YU 1970), Philippines (incl. Mindoro, Bohol, Masbate), Micronesia (Lukunor Atoll, Uman District Islands etc.)

Type locality: “Boston-Insel” [= Ebon Atoll, Marshall Islands]

moluccarum: Indonesia (Halmahera)

philippinica: endemic for the Philippines (Panay, Luzon, Palawan, Cebu Agusan del Norte, Agusan del Sur, Camiguin Sur, Dinagat Island, Surigao del Norte)

pisangense: Indonesia (Pisang Island); Type locality: Tartaruga, Pisang Island, Indonesia.

elberti: Type locality: Iliwaki, Wetar, Kleine Sunda-Inseln; Holotypus: SMF 14568 (= Kat. MERTENS 6250, 3a). female

viridipuncta: Pacific archipelagos of Palau, the Carolines, and eastward to the Marshall Islands (KOCH et al. 2009).  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHN, lost (illustrated in Lesson 1830: Planche 3, reproduced by Lescure 2015, Fig 3)
Syntypes: ZMB 7582 [viridifuscum]
Holotype: SMF 14570 [philippinica]
Holotype: MRB, paratype ZMA 11307 [pisangense]
Holotype: MNHN, lost fide Lescure 2015 [viridipuncta] 
Diagnosis 
CommentTypes: The holotype of Lygosoma acutirostre [ZMA 11401] is also the paralectotype of Lygosoma smaragdinum celebensis (fide DAAN & HILLENIUS 1966).

Habitat: Arboreal.

Distribution: This is a highly dispersive species capable of long-distance dispersal, and has a clear history of over-water dispersal, it exhibits sharp genetic differentiation across its range

Variation: On Chuuk (Micronesia), Kepler (1994) reported at least 13 color morphs of L. smaragdina; About 66 percent of color-noted individuals were green. McCoy (1980) listed bright green and olive green as the colors commonly observed in various parts of the Solomon Islands.

Subspecies: Sternfeld (1920?) described Dasia smaragdina elberti, cited and described by DUNN 1927. Barbour (1911) described Dasia smaragdinum moluccarum from “Wahaai, Ceram” and Barbour (1921) described Dasia smaragdinum perviridis. Status unknown.

Type species: Hinulia (Keneuxia) smaragdina LESSON 1826 is the type species of the genus Lamprolepis FITZINGER in TREITSCHKE 1842. A summary of diagnostic features of the genus is provided by DAREVSKY & ORLOV 1994. 
Etymology 
References
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