You are here » home search results Lampropeltis alterna

Lampropeltis alterna (BROWN, 1901)

IUCN Red List - Lampropeltis alterna - Least Concern, LC

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Lampropeltis alterna?

Add your own observation of
Lampropeltis alterna »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Lampropeltini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Grey-banded Kingsnake
G: Graugebänderte Königsnatter 
SynonymOphibolus alternus BROWN 1901
Lampropeltis alterna — STEJNEGER & BARBOUR 1917
Lampropeltis blairi FLURY 1950: 215
Lampropeltis mexicana blairi — GEHLBACH & BAKER 1962
Lampropeltis mexicana blairi — GEHLBACH 1967
Lampropeltis mexicana alterna — GEHLBACH & BAKER 1962
Lampropeltis alterna — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 212
Lampropeltis alterna — LINER 1994
Lampropeltis alterna alterna — HILKEN & SCHLEPPER 1998: 100
Lampropeltis alterna blairi — HILKEN & SCHLEPPER 1998: 101
Lampropeltis alternata blairi — CROTHER 2000: 63
Lampropeltis alterna — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 444
Lampropeltis alterna — CROTHER et al. 2012
Lampropeltis alterna — WALLACH et al. 2014: 356
Lampropeltis alterna — HANSEN & SALMON 2017: 727 
DistributionMexico (Transpecos, Durango, N Zacatecas, Coahuila),
USA (Texas, Trans-Pecos).

alterna: USA (SW Texas), Mexico (Chihuahua, Coahuila, W Nuevo Leon, Durango, N Zacatecas); Type locality: "Davis Mountains, Jeff Davis County, Texas."

blairi: USA (SW Texas), Mexico (N Coahuila); Type locality: “8.8 miles west of Dryden, Terrell County, Texas ... on US highway 90”.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: ANSP 14977 (female), collected by E. Meyenberg.
Holotype: Univ. Texas Nat. Hist. Coll. T 4772 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A moderate-sized (maximum TL = 1,467 mm) species of kingsnake most similar to L. greeri and L. leonis, differing from those species by the presence of a silver-gray iris (golden-brown to dark brown in L. greeri, golden-brown in L. leonis), the head noticeably distinct from neck (only slightly so in L. greeri and L. leonis), the eyes prominently protruberant (vs. only slightly so in L. greeri and L. leonis), and by higher ventral scale counts (211–230 vs. 197–204 in L. greeri and 194–212 in L. leonis) (Fig. 18). Additionally, black head cap markings are lacking or indistinct in L. alterna populations from near the range of L. greeri; conversely, such markings are pres- ent in nearly all individuals of L. greeri (Figs. 19–22). [from Hansen & Salmon 2017: 727] 
CommentSynonymy: after GARSTKA 1982 (who also included blairi in the synonymy of alterna).

Variation: the species is quite variable with blairi sometimes being considered as a variant of alterna (e.g. TANZER 1970, BRYSON et al. 2007, BOUNDY et al. 2012).

Illustrations: See Axelsson (2004) for illustrations of the very distinct subspecies (or “color morphs”) of this species.

Hybridization: L. alterna hybridizes with L. ruthveni (Hornig 2014).

Distribution: see map in  HANSEN & SALMON 2017: 722 (Fig. 17). 
Etymology 
References
  • Axelsson 2005. Natural history and captive management of the Grey-banded kingsnake, Lampropeltis alterna (Brown 1901): A review of the literature. Part 2. Litteratura Serpentium 25 (4): 169-189 - get paper here
  • Axelsson, J. 2004. Lampropeltis alterna. Captive care and reproduction of the Grey-banded Kingsnake. Reptilia (GB) (36): 61-65 - get paper here
  • Axelsson, Jakob 2005. Natural history and captive management of the Grey-banded kingsnake, Lampropeltis alterna (Brown 1901): A review of the literature. Part 1. Litteratura Serpentium 25 (3): 100-126 - get paper here
  • Axelsson, Jakob 2006. Natural history and captive management of the Grey-banded kingsnake, Lampropeltis alterna (Brown 1901): A review of the literature. Part 3. Litteratura Serpentium 26 (1): 8-35 - get paper here
  • Axtell, Ralph W. 1951. An additional specimen of Lampropeltis blairi from Texas. Copeia 1951 (4): 313 + 1 plate - get paper here
  • Blanchard, Frank N. 1920. A synopsis of the king snakes: Genus Lampropeltis Fitzinger. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (87): 1-7 - get paper here
  • Box, B 2018. Lampropeltis alterna (Gray-banded Kingsnake) Diet Herpetological Review 49 (2): 343 - get paper here
  • Brown, A.E. 1901. A new species of Ophiobolus from Western Texas. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 53 (3): 612-613 - get paper here
  • Bryson Jr., Robert W.; Jennifer Pastorini, Frank T. Burbrink and Michael R.J. Forstner 2007. A phylogeny of the Lampropeltis mexicana complex (Serpentes: Colubridae) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences suggests evidence for species-level polyphyly within Lampropeltis. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43 (2): 674-684 - get paper here
  • CAMPOS-RODRÍGUEZ, José Ismael; Xhail FLORES-LEYVA ; María Graciela LORENZO-MÁRQUEZ ; Leonardo Martín TOLEDO-JIMÉNEZ 2017. NEW RECORDS AND DISTRIBUTION EXTENSIONS OF REPTILES (REPTILIA: SQUAMATA) FOR THE STATE OF ZACATECAS, MEXICO Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 33 (1) - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Davis DR, LaDuc TJ 2018. Amphibians and reptiles of C. E. Miller Ranch and the Sierra Vieja, Chihuahuan Desert, Texas, USA ZooKeys 735: 97-130 - get paper here
  • Degenhardt, William G.; C. W. Painter, and A. H. Price 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of New Mexico. Univ. New Mexico Press, 431 pp.
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Flury,A. 1950. A new kingsnake from Trans-Pecos Texas. Copeia 1950 (3): 215-217 - get paper here
  • Garstka,W.R. 1982. Systematics of the mexicana species group of the colubrid genus Lampropeltis, with an hypothesis [of] mimicry. Breviora (466): 1-35 - get paper here
  • Gehlbach, Frederick R. 1967. Lampropeltis mexicana. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles (55): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Hansen, R. W., and G. T. Salmon. 2017. Distribution analysis, taxonomic updates, and conservation status for the Lampropeltis mexicana group (Serpentes: Colubridae). Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(4): 700–758 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Hibbits, T.D.; Salmon, G.T. & Bryson Jr., R.W. 2003. New distributional records for the Gray-banded Kingsnake (Lampropeltis alterna) in Texas. Herpetological Review 34 (4): 393 - get paper here
  • Hilken,G. & Schlepper,R. 1998. Der Lampropeltis mexicana-Komplex (Serpentes: Colubridae): Naturgeschichte und Terrarienhaltung. Salamandra 34 (2): 97-124 - get paper here
  • Hornig, M. 2012. Lampropeltis alterna – Die Graugebänderte Königsnatter. Ophidia 6 (2): 19-24 - get paper here
  • Hornig, Malte 2014. Neugestaltung eines Terrariums für Lampropeltis alterna. Draco 16 (56): 52-56 - get paper here
  • Hornig, Malte 2014. Echte Raritäten: Farbvarianten der Graugebänderten Königsnatter. Draco 16 (57): 74-79 - get paper here
  • Latella, I. M., T. L. Kennedy and M. J. Ryan 2016. Geographic Distribution: Lampropeltis alterna (Gray-banded Kingsnake). Herpetological Review 47(3): 426-427.
  • Merker, G. & Merker, W. 2005. Alterna: The Gray-Banded Kingsnake. LM digital, 80 pp.
  • Myers, E. A., Bryson, R. W., Hansen, R. W., Aardema, M. L., Lazcano, D., & Burbrink, F. T. 2018. Exploring Chihuahuan Desert diversification in the gray-banded kingsnake, Lampropeltis alterna (Serpentes: Colubridae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - get paper here
  • Nevárez de los Reyes, M., D. Lazcano, J. Forks, C. A. Alejo Luna and B. Navarro-Velazquez 2017. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Mexico 30: A New Food Item for the Gray-banded Kingsnake, Lampropeltis alterna (A. E. Brown, 1901). Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 52: 61 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Ruane, Sara; Robert W. Bryson, Jr., R. Alexander Pyron, and Frank T. Burbrink 2014. Coalescent Species Delimitation in Milksnakes (genus Lampropeltis) and Impacts on Phylogenetic Comparative Analyses. Systematic Biology 63 (2): 231-250, doi:10.1093/sysbio/syt099 - get paper here
  • Tanzer, E. C. 1970. Polymorphism in the mexicana complex of kingsnakes, with notes on their natural history. Herpetologica 26 (4): 419-428 - get paper here
  • Tennant, A. 2003. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions, revised edition. Lone Star Books, 605 pp.
  • Tennant, A. & Bartlett, R.D. 2000. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions. Gulf Publishing, Houston, TX, 588 pp.
  • Thissen, R. & Hansen, H. 2001. Königsnattern - Lampropeltis. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 172 pp. - get paper here
  • Valdez-Lares, R.; R. Muñiz-Martínez; E.Gadsden; G. Aguirre-León; G. Castañeda-Gaytán; R. Gonzalez-Trápaga 2013. Checklist of amphibians and reptiles of the state of Durango, México. Check List 9 (4):714-724 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Werler, John E. & James R. Dixon 2000. Texas Snakes. University of Texas Press, 544 pages
  • Worthington, Richard D.;Arvizo, Edward R. 1974. Western records of the Davis Mountains kingsnake, Lampropeltis mexicana alterna. Southwestern Naturalist 19 (3): 329-340 - get paper here
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Lampropeltis&species=alterna

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.



Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator