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Lampropeltis calligaster (HARLAN, 1827)

IUCN Red List - Lampropeltis calligaster - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Lampropeltini, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesLampropeltis calligaster calligaster (HARLAN, 1827)
Lampropeltis calligaster occipitolineata PRICE, 1987
Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata (HOLBROOK, 1840) 
Common Namescalligaster: Prairie Kingsnake
occipitolineata: South Florida Mole Kingsnake
rhombomaculata: Mole Kingsnake 
SynonymColuber calligaster HARLAN 1827: 359
Ablabes triangulum var. calligaster — HALLOWELL 1856: 244
Lampropeltis calligaster COPE 1860: 255
Lampropeltis calligaster — CROTHER et al. 2012

Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster (HARLAN, 1827)
Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 211
Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster — CROTHER 2000: 63
Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster — CROTHER et al. 2012

Lampropeltis calligaster occipitolineata PRICE 1987
Lampropeltis calligaster occipitolineata — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 211
Lampropeltis calligaster occipitolineata — CROTHER 2000: 63
Lampropeltis calligaster occipitolineata — CROTHER et al. 2012

Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata (HOLBROOK 1840)
Coluber rhombo-maculatus HOLBROOK 1840
Coronella rhombomaculata HOLBROOK 1842: 103
Ophibolus rhombomaculatus — BAIRD & GIRARD 1853: 86
Ophibolus evansii KENNICOTT 1859
Lampropeltis rhombomaculata — COPE 1860: 255
Coronella rhombomaculata — JAN 1866
Coronella Evansii — JAN 1866
Lampropeltis rhombomaculata — STEJNEGER 1891: 503
Lampropeltis rhombomaculata — ALLEN 1932
Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 211
Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata — PALMER & BRASWELL 1995
Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata — CROTHER 2000: 63
Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata — CROTHER et al. 2012 
DistributionUSA (E Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, SE Nebraska, Mississippi, Missouri, Arkansas, S Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, NW Florida, Tennessee, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, W Kentucky, Maryland)

calligaster: E Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana; Type locality: Missouri.

evansii: Illinois; Holotype: UMMZ.

rhombomaculata: Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, S Tennessee, N Florida (Blaney 1979); Type locality: Georgia and Alabama.

occipitolineata: Florida Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Types 
CommentReproduction: oviparous.

Synonymy: KLUGE 1984 listed Ophibolus evansii KENNICOTT 1859 as a synonym of Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster. 
References
  • Allen, Morrow J. 1932. A survey of the Amphibians and reptiles of Harrison County, Mississippi American Museum Novitates (542): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Bailey, Reeve M. 1939. Carphophis amoena vermis and Lampropeltis calligaster in Iowa. Copeia 1939 (4): 218-220 - get paper here
  • Baird, S. F. and C. Girard. 1853. Catalogue of North American Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Part 1.-Serpents. Smithsonian Inst., Washington, xvi + 172 pp.
  • Bird, William; Peak, Phil; Collins, Joseph T. 2005. Lampropeltis calligaster (Prairie Kingsnake). New record length for the entire range. Journal of Kansas Herpetology 15:12. - get paper here
  • Blanchard, Frank N. 1920. A synopsis of the king snakes: Genus Lampropeltis Fitzinger Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (87): 1-7
  • Blaney R M 1979. Lampropeltis calligaster (Harlan). Prairie kingsnake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles No. 229: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Bogosian, Victor; Eric C. Hellgren, and Raymond W. Moody 2012. Assemblages of Amphibians, Reptiles, and Mammals on an Urban Military Base in Oklahoma. The Southwestern Naturalist 57 (3): 277-284. - get paper here
  • Brimley, C. S. 1927. Some records of amphibians and reptiles from North Carolina Copeia 1927 (162): 10-12 - get paper here
  • Burger, R. Michael. 2013. Lampropeltis calligaster (prairie kingsnake) diet. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 330-331
  • Burt, Charles E. 1935. Further records of the ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the middle west American Midland Naturalist 16 (3): 311-336 - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. & Collins, S.L. 2009. A pocket guide to Kansas snakes, 2nd ed. Great Plains Nature Center, Wichita, 69 pp.
  • Collins, J.T. & Collins, S.L. 2010. A pocket guide to Kansas snakes, 3rd ed. Great Plains Nature Center, Wichita, 69 pp.
  • Collins, Joseph T. 1995. Lampropeltis calligaster Herpetological Review 26 (2): 110 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Cook, Fannye A. 1945. Intergradation of Lampropeltis calligaster and L. rhombomaculata in Mississippi Copeia 1945 (1): 47-48 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1860. Catalogue of the Colubridae in the Museum of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, with notes and descriptions of new species. Part II. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 12: 241-266 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. SSAR Herpetological Circular 39:1-92
  • Davis, Drew R. 2013. Geographic Distribution: Lampropeltis calligaster (yellow-bellied kingsnake). Herpetological Review 44 (2): 275
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Enge, Kevin M. 2009. Venomous and non-venomous snakes of Florida. Publication of the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission. 16 pp.
  • Ernst, C.H., & Barbour, R.W. 1989. Snakes of eastern North America George Mason Univ. Press, Fairfax, VA 282 pp.
  • Franklin, Carl J. 1998. Geographic Distribution. Lampropeltis calligaster Herpetological Review 29 (1): 53 - get paper here
  • Gutberlet, Ronald L.; Franklin, Carl J. 1996. Geographic Distribution. Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster Herpetological Review 27 (4): 213 - get paper here
  • Harlan, R. 1827. Genera of North American Reptilia, and synopsis of the species. J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 5: 317-372 - get paper here
  • Hay, W. P. 1902. The color of the fully adult Ophibolus rhombomaculatus Holbrook Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 15: 90 - get paper here
  • Hibbitts, Toby J. 1998. Geographic distribution. Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster Herpetological Review 29 (3): 177 - get paper here
  • Holbrook, John E. 1840. North American Herpetology, Vol. 4 (1st ed.) J. Dobson, Philadelphia, 126 pp. - get paper here
  • Holbrook, John E. 1842. North American Herpetology; or, A description of the reptiles inhabiting the United States. Vol I (2nd ed.). J. Dobson, Philadelphia, 152 pp. - get paper here
  • Irwin, Kelly J. 2004. Arkansas Snake Guide. Arkansas Game & Fish Commission, Little Rock, 50 pp.
  • Jan, G. 1866. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 17. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Krysko, Kenneth L. 1998. Geographic Distribution. Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata Herpetological Review 29 (2): 113 - get paper here
  • Krysko, Kenneth L.;Hurt, Chuck 1998. Geographic distribution. Lampropeltis calligaster occipitolineata Herpetological Review 29 (3): 177 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A. 1966. Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata (Holbrook) in Louisiana Journal of the Ohio Herpetological Society 5 (3): 105
  • Miller, Gerrit S., Jr. 1902. A fully adult specimen of Ophibolus rhombomaculatus Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 15: 36 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J.C. 1994. The reptiles of Virginia. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, ca. 350 pp.
  • Price, R.M. 1987. Disjunct occurence of mole snakes in Peninsular Florida, and the description of a new subspecies of Lampropeltis calligaster Bull. Chicago Herpetol. Soc. 22 (9): 148 - get paper here
  • Shoop, C. Robert 1957. Eggs and young of the prairie king snake, Lampropeltis c. calligaster Copeia 1957 (1): 48-49 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M.;Leonard, Arthur B. 1934. Distributional records of reptiles and amphibians in Oklahoma. American Midland Naturalist 15: 190-196 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1891. Notes on some North American snakes. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 14 (876): 501-505 - get paper here
  • Stevens, Kevin 1994. Notes on the prairie kingsnake, Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster Herptile: Journal of the International Herpetological Society 19 (2): 57-60
  • Thissen, R. & Hansen, H. 2001. Königsnattern - Lampropeltis. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 172 pp. - get paper here
  • Thornton, Okla W., Jr.;Smith, Jerry R. 1993. New county records of amphibians and reptiles from West-Central Texas Herpetological Review 24 (1): 35-36 - get paper here
  • Wilgers, D.J.; Horne, E.A.; Sandercock, B.K. & Volkmann, A.W. 2006. Effects of rangeland management on community dynamics of the herpetofauna of the Tall-grass Prairie [Flint Hills, Kansas/Oklahoma]. Herpetologica 62 (4): 378-388 - get paper here
 
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