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Lampropeltis calligaster (HARLAN, 1827)

IUCN Red List - Lampropeltis calligaster - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Lampropeltini, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesLampropeltis calligaster calligaster (HARLAN, 1827)
Lampropeltis calligaster occipitolineata PRICE, 1987
Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata (HOLBROOK, 1840) 
Common Namescalligaster: Prairie Kingsnake
occipitolineata: South Florida Mole Kingsnake
rhombomaculata: Mole Kingsnake 
SynonymColuber calligaster HARLAN 1827: 359
Ablabes triangulum var. calligaster — HALLOWELL 1856: 244
Lampropeltis calligaster COPE 1860: 255
Lampropeltis calligaster — CROTHER et al. 2012

Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster (HARLAN, 1827)
Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 211
Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster — CROTHER 2000: 63
Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 409
Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster — CROTHER et al. 2012

Lampropeltis calligaster occipitolineata PRICE 1987
Lampropeltis calligaster occipitolineata — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 211
Lampropeltis calligaster occipitolineata — CROTHER 2000: 63
Lampropeltis calligaster occipitolineata — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 412
Lampropeltis calligaster occipitolineata — CROTHER et al. 2012

Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata (HOLBROOK 1840)
Coluber rhombo-maculatus HOLBROOK 1840
Coronella rhombomaculata HOLBROOK 1842: 103
Ophibolus rhombomaculatus — BAIRD & GIRARD 1853: 86
Ophibolus evansii KENNICOTT 1859
Lampropeltis rhombomaculata — COPE 1860: 255
Coronella rhombomaculata — JAN 1866
Coronella Evansii — JAN 1866
Lampropeltis rhombomaculata — STEJNEGER 1891: 503
Lampropeltis rhombomaculata — ALLEN 1932
Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 211
Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata — PALMER & BRASWELL 1995
Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata — CROTHER 2000: 63
Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 411
Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata — CROTHER et al. 2012 
DistributionUSA (E Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, SE Nebraska, Mississippi, Missouri, Arkansas, S Iowa, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, NW Florida, Tennessee, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, W Kentucky, Maryland)

calligaster: E Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana; Type locality: Missouri.

evansii: Illinois; Holotype: UMMZ.

rhombomaculata: Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, S Tennessee, N Florida (Blaney 1979); Type locality: Georgia and Alabama.

occipitolineata: Florida Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesSyntypes (?), ANSP, one specimen ca. 1220 mm, now apparently lost. 
CommentReproduction: oviparous.

Synonymy: KLUGE 1984 listed Ophibolus evansii KENNICOTT 1859 as a synonym of Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster. 
References
  • Allen, Morrow J. 1932. A survey of the Amphibians and reptiles of Harrison County, Mississippi American Museum Novitates (542): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Bailey, Reeve M. 1939. Carphophis amoena vermis and Lampropeltis calligaster in Iowa. Copeia 1939 (4): 218-220 - get paper here
  • Baird, S. F. and C. Girard. 1853. Catalogue of North American Reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution. Part 1.-Serpents. Smithsonian Inst., Washington, xvi + 172 pp.
  • Bird, William; Peak, Phil; Collins, Joseph T. 2005. Lampropeltis calligaster (Prairie Kingsnake). New record length for the entire range. Journal of Kansas Herpetology 15:12. - get paper here
  • Blanchard, Frank N. 1920. A synopsis of the king snakes: Genus Lampropeltis Fitzinger Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (87): 1-7
  • Blaney R M 1979. Lampropeltis calligaster (Harlan). Prairie kingsnake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles No. 229: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Bogosian, Victor; Eric C. Hellgren, and Raymond W. Moody 2012. Assemblages of Amphibians, Reptiles, and Mammals on an Urban Military Base in Oklahoma. The Southwestern Naturalist 57 (3): 277-284. - get paper here
  • Brimley, C. S. 1927. Some records of amphibians and reptiles from North Carolina Copeia 1927 (162): 10-12 - get paper here
  • Burger, R. Michael. 2013. Lampropeltis calligaster (prairie kingsnake) diet. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 330-331
  • Burt, Charles E. 1935. Further records of the ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the middle west American Midland Naturalist 16 (3): 311-336 - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. & Collins, S.L. 2009. A pocket guide to Kansas snakes, 2nd ed. Great Plains Nature Center, Wichita, 69 pp.
  • Collins, J.T. & Collins, S.L. 2010. A pocket guide to Kansas snakes, 3rd ed. Great Plains Nature Center, Wichita, 69 pp.
  • Collins, Joseph T. 1995. Lampropeltis calligaster Herpetological Review 26 (2): 110 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Cook, Fannye A. 1945. Intergradation of Lampropeltis calligaster and L. rhombomaculata in Mississippi Copeia 1945 (1): 47-48 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1860. Catalogue of the Colubridae in the Museum of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, with notes and descriptions of new species. Part II. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 12: 241-266 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Davis, Drew R. 2013. Geographic Distribution: Lampropeltis calligaster (yellow-bellied kingsnake). Herpetological Review 44 (2): 275
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Enge, Kevin M. 2009. Venomous and non-venomous snakes of Florida. Publication of the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission. 16 pp.
  • Ernst, C.H., & Barbour, R.W. 1989. Snakes of eastern North America George Mason Univ. Press, Fairfax, VA 282 pp.
  • Franklin, Carl J. 1998. Geographic Distribution. Lampropeltis calligaster Herpetological Review 29 (1): 53 - get paper here
  • Gutberlet, Ronald L.; Franklin, Carl J. 1996. Geographic Distribution. Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster Herpetological Review 27 (4): 213 - get paper here
  • Harlan, R. 1827. Genera of North American Reptilia, and synopsis of the species. J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 5: 317-372 - get paper here
  • Hay, W. P. 1902. The color of the fully adult Ophibolus rhombomaculatus Holbrook Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 15: 90 - get paper here
  • Hibbitts, Toby J. 1998. Geographic distribution. Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster Herpetological Review 29 (3): 177 - get paper here
  • Holbrook, John E. 1840. North American Herpetology, Vol. 4 (1st ed.) J. Dobson, Philadelphia, 126 pp. - get paper here
  • Holbrook, John E. 1842. North American Herpetology; or, A description of the reptiles inhabiting the United States. Vol I (2nd ed.). J. Dobson, Philadelphia, 152 pp. - get paper here
  • Irwin, Kelly J. 2004. Arkansas Snake Guide. Arkansas Game & Fish Commission, Little Rock, 50 pp.
  • Jan, G. 1866. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 17. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Krysko, Kenneth L. 1998. Geographic Distribution. Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata Herpetological Review 29 (2): 113 - get paper here
  • Krysko, Kenneth L.;Hurt, Chuck 1998. Geographic distribution. Lampropeltis calligaster occipitolineata Herpetological Review 29 (3): 177 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A. 1966. Lampropeltis calligaster rhombomaculata (Holbrook) in Louisiana Journal of the Ohio Herpetological Society 5 (3): 105
  • Miller, Gerrit S., Jr. 1902. A fully adult specimen of Ophibolus rhombomaculatus Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 15: 36 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J.C. 1994. The reptiles of Virginia. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, ca. 350 pp.
  • Price, R.M. 1987. Disjunct occurence of mole snakes in Peninsular Florida, and the description of a new subspecies of Lampropeltis calligaster Bull. Chicago Herpetol. Soc. 22 (9): 148 - get paper here
  • Shoop, C. Robert 1957. Eggs and young of the prairie king snake, Lampropeltis c. calligaster Copeia 1957 (1): 48-49 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M.;Leonard, Arthur B. 1934. Distributional records of reptiles and amphibians in Oklahoma. American Midland Naturalist 15: 190-196 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1891. Notes on some North American snakes. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 14 (876): 501-505 - get paper here
  • Stevens, Kevin 1994. Notes on the prairie kingsnake, Lampropeltis calligaster calligaster Herptile: Journal of the International Herpetological Society 19 (2): 57-60
  • Tennant, A. & Bartlett, R.D. 2000. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions. Gulf Publishing, Houston, TX, 588 pp.
  • Terrell, Vanessa C., Jaimie L. Klemish, Nathan J. Engbecht, John A. May, Peter J. Lannoo, Rochelle M 2014. Amphibian and reptile colonization of reclaimed coal spoil grasslands. The Journal of North American Herpetology 2014(1):59-68 - get paper here
  • Thissen, R. & Hansen, H. 2001. Königsnattern - Lampropeltis. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 172 pp. - get paper here
  • Thornton, Okla W., Jr.;Smith, Jerry R. 1993. New county records of amphibians and reptiles from West-Central Texas Herpetological Review 24 (1): 35-36 - get paper here
  • Werler, John E.&; James R. Dixon 2000. Texas Snakes. University of Texas Press, 544 pages
  • Wilgers, D.J.; Horne, E.A.; Sandercock, B.K. & Volkmann, A.W. 2006. Effects of rangeland management on community dynamics of the herpetofauna of the Tall-grass Prairie [Flint Hills, Kansas/Oklahoma]. Herpetologica 62 (4): 378-388 - get paper here
 
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