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Lampropeltis gentilis (BAIRD & GIRARD, 1853)

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Lampropeltini, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Namesannulata: Mexican Milksnake
gentilis: Central Plains Milksnake
multistriata: Pale Milksnake
taylori: Utah Milksnake
celaenops: New Mexico Milksnake 
SynonymOphibolus gentilis BAIRD & GIRARD 1853: 90
Lampropeltis annulata COPE 1860: 257 (refers to ms. of KENNICOTT) (part.)
Lampropeltis annulata KENNICOTT 1861: 329 (part.)
Lampropeltis multistriata KENNICOTT 1861: 328
Lampropeltis multistrata — COPE 1861: 566
Coronella doliata var. gentilis — JAN 1866
Ophibolus multistratus — COPE 1875: 36
Ophibolus triangulus var. gentilis — GARMAN 1884: 66
Lampropeltis multistrata – STEJNEGER 1891: 502
Ophibolus doliatus gentilis — COPE 1893: 1068
Lampropeltis pyrrhomelana celaenops STEJNEGER 1903: 153
Lampropeltis pyromelana celaenops STEJNEGER & BARBOUR 1917: 89
Coronella multistrata – WERNER 1929: 129
Lampropeltis doliata multistrata — TANNER & LOOMIS 1957: 12
Lampropeltis doliata celaenops — TANNER & LOOMIS 1957: 15
Lampropeltis doliata taylori TANNER & LOOMIS 1957: 31
Lampropeltis triangulum celaenops — STEBBINS 1966: 16
Lampropeltis triangulum multistrata — STEBBINS 1966: 161
Lampropeltis triangulum multistriata — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 209
Lampropeltis triangulum celaenops — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 209
Lampropeltis triangulum gentilis — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 209
Lampropeltis triangulum annulata — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 209 (part.)
Lampropeltis taylori — COLLINS 1991: 43
Lampropeltis triangulum taylori — WILLIAMS 1994
Lampropeltis triangulum multistrata — WILLIAMS 1994
Lampropeltis triangulum celaenops — WILLIAMS 1994
Lampropeltis triangulum multistriata — CROTHER 2000: 64
Lampropeltis triangulum gentilis — CROTHER 2000: 64
Lampropeltis triangulum celaenops — CROTHER 2000: 64
Lampropeltis triangulum taylori — CROTHER 2000: 64
Lampropeltis triangulum annulata — CROTHER 2000: 64
Lampropeltis triangulum multistrata [sic] — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 442
Lampropeltis triangulum annulata — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 436 (part.)
Lampropeltis triangulum celaenops — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 438
Lampropeltis triangulum gentilis — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 440
Lampropeltis triangulum gentilis — BARTS 2006
Lampropeltis triangulum multistriata — CROTHER et al. 2012
Lampropeltis triangulum celaenops — CROTHER et al. 2012
Lampropeltis triangulum gentilis — CROTHER et al. 2012
Lampropeltis triangulum taylori — CROTHER et al. 2012
Lampropeltis triangulum annulata — CROTHER et al. 2012 (part.)
Lampropeltis gentilis — RUANE et al. 2014 
DistributionUSA (N Texas, W Oklahoma, C/W Kansas, E Colorado, and SC / SW Nebraska)

amaura: SW Arkansas, SE Oklahoma, E Texas and Louisiana. Type locality, original entry of type reads "?Mississippi," restricted by Schmidt (1953) to the vicinity of New Orleans, Louisiana. Williams (1978) suggested that the type locality be considered as unknown, inasmuch as the characteristics of the holotype do not agree with data taken from specimens from New Orleans and vicinity.

annulata: S Texas, S Tamaulipas to C Nuevo Léon, S ,E Coahuila (Mexico); Type locality: Mexico, Tamaulipas, Matamoras.

celaenops: SW Texas, E New Mexico, SE Arizona

gentilis: Kansas, W Oklahoma, E Colorado, Texas panhandle, C/SW Nebraska, C/W Kansas; Type locality: "north fork of the Red River, near Sweetwater Creek, Wheeler County, Texas."

multistrata: C/NW Nebraska, S Montana, SW North Dakota, N/C Wyoming; Type locality: "Fort Lookout, Nebraska," now in Lyman County, South Dakota.

syspila: Nebraska, Oklahoma, Kansas.

taylori: C/NE Utah, W Colorado, N Arizona; Type locality: "from approximately 2 miles north of Alpine, Utah County, Utah."  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesLectotype: USNM 1853, adult male (designated by BLANCHARD 1921)
Holotype: USNM 5282, an adult male [amaura]
Holotype: ANSP 3613 [annulata]
Holotype: USNM 1842, young male [multistrata]
Holotype: Brigham Young University 10533, adult female [taylori] 
CommentSynonymy after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970, WILLIAMS 1994, and RUANE et al. 2014. Listed as synonym of Lampropeltis triangulum by WALLACH et al. 2014: 359. 
EtymologyThe name gentilis is derived from the Latin, meaning "of the same race or clan", presumably in reference to its relationship to other members of the species.

The name celaenops may be derived from the Greek word celaeno, which means "black or dark," and the ending -ops, meaning eye.

The name multistrata is derived from the Latin multus, meaning "many," and the Latin stratum, meaning "layer," apparently in reference to the number of dorsal scale rows present.

The name taylori isa patronym honoring Edward H. Taylor, designated "our friend and teacher" by describers. 
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