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Lankascincus megalops (ANNANDALE, 1906)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymLygosoma megalops ANNANDALE 1906: 190
Lygosoma megalops — SMITH 1935: 289
Sphenomorphus megalops — TAYLOR 1950: 497
Sphenomorphus megalops — DERANIYAGALA 1953: 70
Sphenomorphus megalops — TAYLOR 1953
Sphenomorphus megalops — DAS 1996: 48
Sphenomorphus megalops — SOMAWEERA & SOMAWEERA 2009
Lankascincus dorsicatenatus — SOMAWEERA & SOMAWEERA 2009: 225 (fig 261)
Lankascincus gansi — SOMAWEERA & SOMAWEERA 2009: 229 (fig. 263)
Lankascincus megalops — BATUWITA 2019: 223 
DistributionSri Lanka

Type locality: Pitawala, near Kitulgala (Sabaragamuwa Province), 06°59’N, 80°27’E, 800 m elevation (neotype locality).  
Reproduction 
TypesNeotype: NMSL (WHT) 6545, desigated by Batuwita 2019: 223; Syntypes: lost, formerly NMSL, from Puttalam and Kithulgala, Sri Lanka (see Batuwita & Pethiyagoda, 2007). 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. This species is distinguished from all other species of Lankascincus by the following combination of characters: prefrontals in contact with each other; subequal supraoculars; fourth supraocular almost entirely in contact with frontoparietal; second supraocular narrow; frontoparietals two; frontoparietal subequal to frontal; supraciliaries 9–11; primary temporals two, in contact; secondary temporals two, separated; supralabials seven; last supralabial smaller than the preceding supralabial; postsupralabials two; paravertebral scales 47–50; ventral scales 48–57; transverse scale rows across mid-body 25–29; subdigital lamellae under fourth digit of pes 15–18; adpressed limbs overlapping; general body color olive brown; ventral side yellowish; male lacks dorsolateral stripe; some males with white spots on temporal area; females with a pair of distinct black longitudinal stripes on dorsum and a light brown, oneand-a-half-scale-width to two-scale-width dorsolateral line (Batuwita 2019: 224).

Comparisons. Lankascincus taprobanensis: single primary temporal and six supralabials; L. fallax: secondary temporals in contact with each other and last supralabial subequal to the preceding supralabial; L. deignani: single primary temporal, secondary temporals in contact, and 19–20 subdigital lamellae under fourth digit of pes; L. dorsicatenatus: 40–46 paravertebrals, supraoculars not subequal and catenated dorsal color pattern in females; L. taylori: single primary temporal, secondary temporals in contact, and last supralabial subequal to the preceding supralabial; L. gansi: single supradigital scale row, adpressed limbs non-overlapping, and 11–13 subdigital lamellae under fourth digit of pes; L. sripadensis: single primary temporal, secondary temporals in contact, and last supralabial subequal to the preceding supralabial; L. greeri: subocular pale spot, single primary temporal, secondary temporals in contact, and last supralabial subequal to the preceding supralabial (Batuwita 2019: 229). 
Comment 
Etymology 
References
  • Annandale, Nelson 1906. New and interesting lizards in the Colombo Museum. Spol. Zeyl. 3: 189-192
  • Batuwita, Sudesh 2019. A REVIEW OF THE LIZARDS OF THE ENDEMIC GENUS LANKASCINCUS (REPTILIA: SCINCIDAE: LYGOSOMINAE) FROM SRI LANKA. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 162(3), (8 April 2019) - get paper here
  • Batuwita, Sudesh and Rohan Pethiyagoda 2007. Description of new species of Sri Lankan Litter Skink (Squamata: Scincidae: Lankascincus). Ceylon Journal of Science (Bio. Sci.) 36(2):80-87
  • Greer A E 1991. Lankascincus, a new genus of scincid lizards from Sri Lanka, with descriptions of three new species. Journal of Herpetology 25 (1): 59-64 - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Somaweera, R. & Somaweera, N. 2009. Lizards of Sri Lanka: a colour guide with field keys. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 304 pp.
  • Taylor, E.H. 1953. A review of the lizards of Ceylon. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 35 (12): 1525-1585 - get paper here
 
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