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Lankascincus sripadensis MENDIS WICKRAMASINGHE, RODRIGO, DAYAWANSA & JAYANTHA, 2007

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Ristellidae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSinhala: Sripakandu duburu hekanala
Tamil: Sivanolipathmalai arene
E: Sripada forest skink 
SynonymLankascincus sripadensis MENDIS WICKRAMASINGHE, RODRIGO, DAYAWANSA & JAYANTHA 2007
Lankascincus cf. sripadensis — KOTTAWA-ARACHCHI & GAMAGE 2015 
DistributionSri Lanka

Type locality: Sripada Sanctuary (Adam’s peak), Nuwara Eliya District, Central Province. (N 06° 48’ 24.63, E 080° 30’ 41.21) Elevation 1825 m.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: NMSL 200705001. Adult male 58.27 mm SVL; Coll. R. K. Rodirigo, D. Jayantha, and L. J. M. Wickramasinghe. 07. 11. 2006. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Lankascincus sripadensis sp. nov. is distinguished from known congeners by possessing the following combination of characters: A large sized Lankascincus 56–58 mm SVL; Prefrontals are fused or narrowly in contact; three loreal scales, the anterior loreal is touching the prefrontal, frantonasal, nasal, 1st and 2nd supralabial scales; the posterior loreals are larger than the anterior loreal in longitudinal axis, the upper anterior loreal is touching the prefrontal and upper anterior preocular; the lower posterior loreal is touching 2nd, 3rd supralabials and 1st subocular scale; the nasal is not fused; 7 supralabials, the last supralabial scale is single, 5th at the mid orbit point; 26 smooth scale rows at mid body; 56 to 58 paravertebral scales; 56 – 57 scales between mental and vent; median preanals are enlarged, outer preanals overlap with inner; lamellae under the fourth finger 12–13, and fourth toe 17–19, the lamellae formulae including fingers and toes are 4>3>5>2>1 and 4>3>5>2>1.
 
CommentSize: Lankascincus sripadensis sp. nov. is the species having the largest SVL in the endemic genus Lankascincus. The specimen FMNH131358 female 58 mm SVL.

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe species epithet sripadensis is derived from the latin for “Sripada range” referring to the forest where the species nov. was found. 
References
  • Batuwita, Sudesh and Rohan Pethiyagoda 2007. Description of new species of Sri Lankan Litter Skink (Squamata: Scincidae: Lankascincus). Ceylon Journal of Science (Bio. Sci.) 36(2):80-87
  • Jayasekara, Duan; Chathuranga Dharmarathne 2018. Colour change as an anti-predatory mechanism in Green Forest Lizard (Calotes calotes) sighted at the Wasgamuwa National Park, Sri Lanka Herpetology Notes 11: 675-678 - get paper here
  • Kerney, R. 2018. Book Review: A Naturalist's Guide to the Reptiles of Sri Lanka. Herpetological Review 49 (1): 150-151.
  • Kottawa-Arachchi, J.D. & R. N. Gamage 2015. Herpetofaunal richness in Lippakelle Tea Estate, Sri Lanka TAPROBANICA 7 (4): 268–271 - get paper here
  • Kumara, D.M. Nayana Pradeep & Kanishka D.B. Ukuwela. 2009. A survey on the amphibians of Ambagamuwa, a tropical wet midland area in Sri Lanka. Herpetology Notes 2: 81-85. - get paper here
  • Manthey, S. 1980. Sri Lanka. Sauria 2 (3): 5-11
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Singh, H 2018. Book Review: A Naturalist's Guide to the Reptiles of India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka Herpetological Review 49 (3): 567-569 - get paper here
  • Somaweera, R. & Somaweera, N. 2009. Lizards of Sri Lanka: a colour guide with field keys. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 304 pp.
  • Wickramasinghe, L.J. MENDIS; Rodrigo, R.; Dayawansa, N. & Jayantha, U.L.D. 2007. Two new species of Lankascincus (Squamata: Scincidae) from Sripada Sanctuary (Peak Wilderness), in Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 1612: 1–24 - get paper here
  • Woerkom, Anton van 1991. Bookreview: Colour Guide to the Snakes of Sri Lanka, by Anslem de Silva. Litteratura Serpentium 11 (3): 54-55 - get paper here
 
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