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Leiocephalus cubensis (GRAY, 1840)

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Higher TaxaLeiocephalidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesLeiocephalus cubensis cubensis GRAY 1840
Leiocephalus cubensis gigas SCHWARTZ 1959
Leiocephalus cubensis minor VARONA & GARRIDO 1970
Leiocephalus cubensis pambasileus SCHWARTZ 1959
Leiocephalus cubensis paraphrus SCHWARTZ 1959 
Common NamesCuban Curlytail Lizard 
SynonymTropidurus (Leiolaemus) cubensis GRAY 1840: 110
Holotropis microlophus COCTEAU & BIBRON 1838 (part.)
Holotropis vittatus HALLOWELL 1856: 151
Liocephalus vittatus — BOULENGER 1885: 163 (part.)
Liocephalus [sic] vittatus — FISCHER 1888: 27
Leiocephalus cubensis - STEJNEGER 1917: 273
Leiocephalus raviceps — COCHRAN 1934: 39 (part.)
Leiocephalus cubensis — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 427
Leiocephalus cubensis — PREGILL 1992: 41
Leiocephalus cubensis — RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999: 123 
DistributionCuba, Isla de la Juventud, Cayos de San Felipe, Archipelago de los Canarreos,
Archipelago de Sabana-Camaguey

cubensis: Cuba; record for Cabo de San Antonio, Peninsula de Guanahacabibes, highly doubtful. Type locality: Cuba; restricted by Schwartz, 1959d, to vicinity of Guanabacoa, La Habana Province, Cuba.

gigas: Isla de la Juventud.

minor: Cayos de San Felipe.

pambasileus: Archipiélago de bs Canarreos.

paraphrus: Jardines de la Reina.

INCERTAE SEDIS: Material from Archipiélago de Sabana-Camagüey unassigned subspecifically. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: BMNH XXIII.98a
Holotype: AMNH 81056 [gigas]
Holotype: IZ 2754 [minor]
Holotype: AMNH 81068 [pambasileus]
Holotype: AMNH 78005 [paraphrus] 
CommentFor illustrations see Stejneger, 1917; Barbour and Ramsden, 1919; Schwartz, 1959d; Vogel, 1965; Vogel, 1966. Synonymy after RODRÍGUEZ SCHETTINO 1999. 
References
  • Barbour, T. and C. T. Ramsden. 1919. The herpetology of Cuba. Mem. Mus. Comp. Zool., Harvard Coll. 47: 69-213. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Fischer, J.G. 1888. Über eine Kollektion Reptilien und Amphibien von Hayti. Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst. 5: 23-45. - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1840. Catalogue of the species of reptiles collected in Cuba by W. S. MacLeay, esq.; with some notes on their habits extracted from his MS. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 5: 108-115. - get paper here
  • Kunz, K. 2005. Photogenic herpetofauna. Notes on Cuban Synanthropic species. Reptilia (GB) (43): 47-53 - get paper here
  • Pregill,G.K. 1992. Systematics of the West Indian Lizard Genus Leiocephalus (Squamata: Iguania: Tropiduridae). Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 84: 1-69 - get paper here
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes (ed.) 1999. The iguanid lizards of Cuba. University Press of Florida, 428 pp.
  • Rodríguez Schettino, Lourdes, Carlos A. Mancina & Vilma Rivalta González 2013. REPTILES OF CUBA: CHECKLIST AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTIONS. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (144): 1-96
  • Schwartz, A. 1959. Variation in lizards of the Leiocephalus cubensis complex in Cuba and the Isla de Pinos. Bull. Florida State Mus. 4: 97-143. - get paper here
  • Schwartz,A. & Henderson,R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Stejneger,L.H. 1917. Cuban amphibians and reptiles collected for the United States National Museum from 1899 to 1902. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 53: 259-291 - get paper here
  • Varona, Luis S.;Garrido, Orlando H. 1970. Vertebrados de los Cayos de San Felipe, Cuba, Inclyendo una nueva especie de Jutía. Poeyana (75): 1-26
  • Vogel, Z. 1965. Herpetologische Beobachtungen auf Kuba. Aquar. und Terrar. 12 (7):235-39.
  • Vogel, Z. 1966. Herpetologische waarnemingen op Cuba (II). Lacerta 24 (8): 59-60. - get paper here
 
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