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Leiocephalus psammodromus BARBOUR, 1920

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Higher TaxaLeiocephalidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesLeiocephalus psammodromus psammodromus BARBOUR 1920
Leiocephalus psammodromus aphretor SCHWARTZ 1967
Leiocephalus psammodromus apocrinus SCHWARTZ 1967
Leiocephalus psammodromus cacodoxus SCHWARTZ 1967
Leiocephalus psammodromus hyphantus SCHWARTZ 1967
Leiocephalus psammodromus mounax SCHWARTZ 1967 
Common NamesBastion Cay Curlytail Lizard 
SynonymLiocephalus (sic) arenarius BARBOUR 1916: 217
Leiocephalus psammodromus BARBOUR 1920 (nom. subst.)
Leiocephalus psammodromus — SCHWARTZ & HENDERSON 1991: 443

Leiocephalus psammodromus psammodromus BARBOUR 1920
Leiocephalus psammodromus psammodromus — PREGILL 1992: 50

Leiocephalus psammodromus aphretor SCHWARTZ 1967
Leiocephalus psammodromus aphretor — PREGILL 1992: 50

Leiocephalus psammodromus apocrinus SCHWARTZ 1967
Leiocephalus psammodromus apocrinus — PREGILL 1992: 50

Leiocephalus psammodromus cacodoxus SCHWARTZ 1967
Leiocephalus psammodromus cacodoxus — PREGILL 1992: 50

Leiocephalus psammodromus hyphantus SCHWARTZ 1967
Leiocephalus arenarius hyphantus SCHWARTZ 1967
Leiocephalus psammodromus hyphantus — KLUGE 1984
Leiocephalus psammodromus hyphantus — PREGILL 1992: 50

Leiocephalus psammodromus mounax SCHWARTZ 1967
Leiocephalus psammodromus mounax — PREGILL 1992: 50 
DistributionTurks I, Caicos I, scatteren on associated Cays

psammodromus: Turks Is.: "Bastion Cay," Big Sand Cay; Type locality: 'Bastion Cay," Turks Islands (unlocatable).

aphretor: Turks Is.: Long Cay, SE of Grand Turk I.

apocrinus: Caicos Is.: Big Ambergris and Little Ambergris cays.

cacodoxus: Caicos Is.: Ft. George Cay, Providenciales I., Sugar Loaf I.

hyphantus: Caicos Is.: Pine Cay, Water Cay, Stubb Cay.

mounax: Caicos Is.: Long Cay off Cockburn Harbour, South Caicos I.

INCERTAE SEDIS: The species is also known from (Caicos Is.) West Caicos I., Dellis Cay, Little Water Cay, Parrot Cay, North Caicos I., Middle Caicos I., East Caicos I., and (Turks Is.) Gibbs Cay, East Cay, Pear Cay; all are unassigned subspecifically.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MCZ 11948.
Holotype: CM 40602 [aphretor]
Holotype: CM 40601 [apocrinus]
Holotype: MCZ 54185 [cacodoxus]
Holotype: UMMZ 126624 [hyphantus]
Holotype: CM 40603 [mounax] 
CommentFor illustrations see Schwartz, 1967.

Nomenclature: Liocephalus (sic) arenarius BARBOUR 1916 is preoccupied by Steironotus [Ophryoesoides = Leiocephalus] arenarius TSCHUDI 1845.

Subspecies: Genetic data suggests that subspecies names do not reflect actual units of variation and need revision (Reynolds et al. 2012). 
References
  • Barbour, T. 1916. Additional notes on West Indian reptiles and amphibians. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 29: 215-220. - get paper here
  • Pregill,G.K. 1992. Systematics of the West Indian Lizard Genus Leiocephalus (Squamata: Iguania: Tropiduridae). Misc. Publ. Univ. Kans. Mus. Nat. Hist. 84: 1-69 - get paper here
  • Reynolds, R. Graham; Matthew L. Niemiller; Benjamin M. Fitzpatrick 2012. Genetic analysis of an endemic archipelagic lizard reveals sympatric cryptic lineages and taxonomic discordance. Conserv Genet 13:953–963 - get paper here
  • Schwartz, A. 1967. The Leiocephalus (Lacertilia, Iguanidae) of the southem Bahama Islands. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 39 (12): 153-84.
  • Schwartz,A. & Henderson,R.W. 1991. Amphibians and Reptiles of the West Indies. University of Florida Press, Gainesville, 720 pp.
  • Smith, Geoffrey R. 1992. Sexual dimorphism in the curly-tailed lizard, Leiocephalus psammodromus. Carib. J. Sci. 28 (1-2): 99-101
 
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