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Leiosaurus bellii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON, 1837

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Higher TaxaLeiosauridae (Leiosaurinae), Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBell's Anole 
SynonymLeiosaurus Bellii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 242
Leiosaurus bellii — GRAY 1845: 124
Liosaurus [sic] bellii — BOULENGER 1885: 124
Liosaurus Belli — KOSLOWSKY 1896
Leiosaurus bellii — GALLARDO 1961: 22
Leiosaurus bellii — PETERS et al. 1970: 156
Leiosaurus bellii — BERNILS et al. 2007
Leiosaurus bellii — SCROCCHI et al. 2010: 72 
DistributionArgentina (Santa Cruz, Chubut, Rio Negro, Mendoza, Neuquen)

Type locality: see comment.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHN 2775 
Diagnosis 
CommentTerra typica: Mexico (in error)

Type Species: Leiosaurus Bellii DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837 is the type species of the genus Leiosaurus. the characters unique to the genus are: surface of the subdigital lamellae keeled; smooth tail scales; without caudal autotomy; tail slightly longer than body; no contact between orbital semi-circles; dorsal coloration pattern with defined vertebral spots, “shark teeth” or “fleur-de-lis” shaped (Cei, 1986; Frost et al., 2001).

Phylogenetics: The genera Diplolaemus, Leiosaurus, and Pristidactylus have been combined in the Leiosaurae clade (Morando et al. 2015). 
EtymologyNamed after Thomas Bell (1792-1880), a British naturalist and dental surgeon who worked at Guy's Hospital, London (1816-1860). He became Professor of Zoology at King's College (1834) and described many ofthe reptiles Darwin collected. He was a friend ofGray and President of the Linnean Society (Beolens et al. 2011).  
References
  • AVILA, LUCIANO JAVIER; LORENA ELIZABETH MARTINEZ & MARIANA MORANDO 2013. Checklist of lizards and amphisbaenians of Argentina: an update. Zootaxa 3616 (3): 201–238
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bérnils, R. S., A. R. Giraudo, S. Carreira & S. Z. Cechin. 2007. Répteis das porções subtropical e temperada da Região Neotropical. Ciência & Ambiente 35: 101-136
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Breitman, María Florencia; Minoli, Ignacio; Avila, Luciano Javier; Medina, Cintia Debora; Sites, Jr., Jack Walter; Morando, Mariana 2014. Lagartijas de la provincia de Santa Cruz (Argentina): distribución geográfica, diversidad genética y estado de conservación Cuad. herpetol. 28 (2): 83-110 - get paper here
  • Cei, J.M. 2003. SPECIFIC SUPRAOCULAR SCUTELLATION PATTERNS AS SIGNIFICANT DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS: A TAXONOMIC INTER AND INTRAGENERIC "FINGER-PRINT" IN LACERTILIA. Facena 19: 129-135 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Gallardo, J.M. 1972. Composicion faunistica de los saurios de la Provincia de la Pampa, Republica Argentina. Neotropica 17 (52): 44-48
  • Gallardo,J.M. 1961. Estudio zoogeografico del genero Leiosaurus (Reptilia, Sauria). Physis 22 (63): 113-118
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Laspiur, A.; Acosta, J.C. & Abdala, C.S. 2007. A new species of Leiosaurus (Iguania: Leiosauridae) from central-western Argentina. Zootaxa 1470: 47–57 - get paper here
  • Minoli I, Morando M, Avila LJ 2015. Reptiles of Chubut province, Argentina: richness, diversity, conservation status and geographic distribution maps. ZooKeys 498: 103-126. doi: 10.3897/zookeys.498.7476 - get paper here
  • Morando, Mariana; Melisa Olave, Luciano J. Avila, Eric Baker, and Jack W. Sites 2015. Molecular Phylogeny of the Lizard Clade Leiosaurae Endemic to Southern South America Herpetologica Dec 2015, Vol. 71, No. 4: 322-331. - get paper here
  • Perez, C.H.F.; N. Frutos; M. Kozykariski; M. Morando; D.R. Perez; L.J. Avila. 2011. Lizards of Rio Negro Province, northern Patagonia, Argentina. Check List 7 (3): 202-219 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A. & Donoso-Barros, Roberto 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part II. Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 293 pp. - get paper here
  • Scrocchi, Gustavo J.; Cristian S. Abdala,Javier Nori, Hussam Zaher 2010. Reptiles de la provincia de Río Negro, Argentina Fondo Ed. Rionegrino, 249 pp.
  • Tulli, M.J.; F.B. Cruz, A. Herrel, B. Vanhooydonck, V. Abdala 2009. The interplay between claw morphology and microhabitat use in neotropical iguanian lizards. Zoology 112 (5): 379-392 - get paper here
  • Van Devender, Thomas R. 1977. Observations on the Argentine iguanid lizard Leiosaurus bellii Dumeril and Bibron (Reptilia, Lacertilia, Iguanidae). Journal of Herpetology 11 (2): 238-241 - get paper here
 
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