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Lepidophyma inagoi PALACIOS-AGUILAR, SANTOS-BIBIANO & FLORES-VILLELA, 2018

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Higher TaxaXantusiidae (Lepidophyminae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymLepidophyma inagoi PALACIOS-AGUILAR, SANTOS-BIBIANO & FLORES-VILLELA 2018
Lepidophyma smithii — MENDOZA-HERNÁNDEZ & SANTOS-BARRERA 2004
Lepidophyma smithii — CANSECO-MÁRQUEZ et al. 2008
Lepidophyma smithii — GARCÍA-VÁZQUEZ et al. 2010 
DistributionMexico (Guerrero)

Type locality: Carretera Omitlán-La Venta, municipality of Juan R. Escudero (17.13458N, 99.54458W; Datum = WGS-84), elevation 145 m, Guerrero, Mexico.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype. MZFC 30706 (field number: RPA-179); adult female obtained by Ricardo Palacios-Aguilar (Figs. 1, 2) on 15 September 2016. The vegetation at this locality is dominated by tropical deciduous forest. Paratypes.—Five specimens, all from the same region as the holotype. MZFC 16183–16184 from Cerro El Tepehuaje, ~10 km SE Tierra Colorada (17.118568N, 99.5218568W), elevation 234 m; MZFC 30707, a juvenile specimen from Cerro de Tierra Colorada, Potrero Oriental (17.1637648N, 99.50387238W), elevation 670 m; MZFC 30712, adult male from Garrapatas, municipality of Juan R. Escudero (17.194678N, 99.528W), elevation 523 m; MZFC 31979, an adult female from Palo Gordo, municipality of Juan R. Escudero, Guerrero, Mexico (17.15368N, 99.54618W), elevation 245 m. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. The new species differs from L. dontomasi, L. gaigeae, L. lowei, L. radula, L. tarascae, L. mayae, L. pajapanense, L. lipetzi, L. cuicateca, and L. zongolica in having ‡190 dorsal scales (190–215 vs. 120–190); from L. chicoasense, L. reticulatum, and L. tuxtlae in having more gulars (58–63 vs. 37–56) and fewer lateral tubercle rows (25–27 vs. 28–47); from L. smithii in having more paravertebrals (71–91 vs. 35–69); from L. micropholis and L. occulor in having fewer dorsals (190–215 vs. 213–265); from L. flavimaculatum in that the size of enlarged tubercles on the dorsal and lateral surfaces is smaller (bigger), by the absence of a parietal spot in adults and juveniles, and by having one broad temporal scale between postoculars and the suture between the sixth and seventh supralabials (vs. ‡2 small scales in L. flavimaculatum; Fig. 2).
Furthermore, L. inagoi is readily distinguished from L. dontomasi, L. lowei, and L. radula in having more ventral interwhorls (2 vs. 1); from L. cuicateca, L. dontomasi, L. lineri, L. lipetzi, L. lowei, L. mayae, L. pajapanense, L. radula, L. tarascae, L tuxtlae, and L. zongolica in having more paravertebrals (71–91 vs. 37–68); from L. chicoasense, L. cuicateca, L. lipetzi, L. lowei, L. mayae, L. pajapanense, L. reticulatum, and L. tuxtlae in having fewer lateral tubercle rows (25–27 vs. 28–73); and from L. chicoasense, L. gaigeae, L. lipetzi, L. mayae, L. micropholis, L. pajapanense, L. reticulatum, and L. zongolica in having fewer femoral pores (total, both legs, 20–24 vs. 28–43). 
CommentHabitat: tropical deciduous forest; saxicolous, restricted to cave systems, rock walls, and holes at the base of rocks. During the day, individuals can be found inside caves formed by large granitic boulders or rock crevices. During the afternoon and at night the species apparently shifts to a preferred microhabitat at cave entrances.

Sympatry: Anolis dunni, A. gadovii, A. subocularis, Aspidoscelis sacki, As. gutatta, Boa sigma, Leptodeira nigrofasciata, Marisora brachypoda, Sceloporus horridus, S. stejnegeri, Phyllodactylus delcampoi, P. tuberculosus, Indotyphlops braminus, and Urosaurus bicarinatus.

Similar species: Lepidophyma smithii; L. inagoi differs from Puerto Marquéz L. smithii in having more gulars, paravertebrals, and lateral tubercle rows. The only other congeneric taxa known from Guerrero is L. tarascae (Palacios-Aguilar and Flores-Villela, 2018), from which the new species can be differentiated by having more gulars (58–63 vs. 40–49), dorsals (190–215 vs. 145–162), and reduced size of dorsal body tubercles. 
Etymology“The name inagoi is a patronym honoring our friend and colleague, Iván Nava González, who passed away in late December 2014.” 
References
  • CANSECO-MARQUEZ, LUIS; GUADALUPE GUTIIEREZ-MAYEN & ANDRES ALBERTO MENDOZA-HERNANDEZ 2008. A new species of night-lizard of the genus Lepidophyma (Squamata: Xantusiidae) from the Cuicatlan Valley, Oaxaca, Mexico. Zootaxa 1750: 59-67 - get paper here
  • GARCÍA-VÁZQUEZ, URI OMAR; LUIS CANSECO-MÁRQUEZ & JOSÉ LUIS AGUILAR-LÓPEZ 2010. A new species of night lizard of the genus Lepidophyma (Squamata: Xantusiidae) from southern Puebla, México. Zootaxa 2657: 47–54 - get paper here
  • MENDOZA-HERNÁNDEZ, A. A., & G. SANTOS-BARRERA 2004. Geographic distribution: Lepidophyma smithii. Herpetological Review 35: 289 - get paper here
  • Palacios-Aguilar, Ricardo;Rufino Santos-Bibiano, and Oscar Flores-Villela 2018. A New Species of Lepidophyma (Squamata: Xantusiidae) from the Pacific Lowlands of Guerrero, Mexico Journal of Herpetology 52 (3): 327-331. - get paper here
 
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