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Lepidophyma mayae BEZY, 1973

IUCN Red List - Lepidophyma mayae - Near Threatened, NT

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Higher TaxaXantusiidae (Lepidophyminae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesG: Maya-Nachtechse
E: Mayan Tropical Night Lizard
S: Escorpión Nocturno Maya. 
SynonymLepidophyma mayae BEZY 1973
Lepidophyma mayae — KÖHLER 2000: 105
Lepidophyma mayae— BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002
Lepidophyma mayae — PIANKA & VITT 2003: 208
Lepidophyma mayae — SOLIS et al. 2014 
DistributionHonduras, Guatemala, Belize, S Mexico

Type locality: Guatemala, Alta Verapaz, nr. Chinaja, 140 m elevation.  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: KU 59554 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS (DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS). The species differs from L. radula, L. tarascae, L. lineri, L. pajapanense, L. tuxtlae, L. chicoasense, L. lipetzi, and L. reticulatum in having 2 or fewer pretympanics; from L. dontomasi, L. gaigeae, L. radula, and L. tarascae in having 162 or more dorsals; from L. reticulatum, L. micropholis, and L. occulor in having 188 or fewer dorsals; from L. lowei, L. radula, L. smithii, L. tarascae, L. lineri, L. chicoasense, and L. occulor in having 33 or more lateral tubercle rows; from L. sylvaticum in having a wider median prefrontal (RMW2 greater than 1.6); and from L. flavimaculatum in having 33 or more lateral tubercle rows and two or fewer pretympanics (99.6% of all L. flavimaculatum, 100% of Guatemalan specimens (from BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002).
 
CommentNot listed for Belize by KÖHLER (2000).

Although Lepidophyma mayae can be distinguished from all L. flavimaculatum only by a combination of 2 characters (lateral tubercle rows and pretympanics), where the two species are found in sympatry each of the two characters is nonoverlapping, indicating reproductive isolation.

Max. SVL: 75 mm. 
EtymologyNamed after the Maya, the indigenous people of the region of the type locality. 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bezy,R.L. 1973. A new species of the genus Lepidophyma (Reptilia: Xantusiidae) from Guatemala. Contrib. Sci. Los Angeles Co. Mus. 239: 1-7. - get paper here
  • Bezy,R.L. & Camarillo, J.L. 2002. SYSTEMATICS OF XANTUSIID LIZARDS OF THE GENUS LEPIDOPHYMA. Contributions in Science (493): 1–41 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. 1998. Amphibians and reptiles of northern Guatemala, the Yucatán, and Belize. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, xiii + 380 pp. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The amphibians and reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Comstock, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 500 pp.
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2018. The Lizards, Crocodiles, and Turtles of Honduras. Systematics, Distribution, and Conservation. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Special Publication Series (2): 1- 666 - get paper here
  • Pianka, E.R. & Vitt, L.J. 2003. Lizards - Windows to the Evolution of Diversity. University of California Press, Berkeley, 347 pp. [review in Copeia 2004: 955] - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
 
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