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Lepidophyma micropholis WALKER, 1955

IUCN Red List - Lepidophyma micropholis - Vulnerable, VU

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Higher TaxaXantusiidae (Lepidophyminae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Cave Tropical Night Lizard
S: Lagartija Nocturna de Cueva 
SynonymLepidophyma micropholis WALKER 1955
Lepidophyma micropholis — SAVAGE 1963
Lepidophyma micropholis — LINER 1994
Lepidophyma micropholis— BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002
Lepidophyma micropholis — JOHNSON et al. 2017 
DistributionMexico (Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosi).

Type locality: cave, El Pachón, 5 mi NNE Antiguo Morelos, Tamaulipas, México, estimated elevation 600–700 feet.  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesHolotype: UMMZ 101298 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS (DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS). The species differs from all other Lepidophyma except L. occulor in having 230 or more dorsal scales. It differs from L. occulor, L. dontomasi, L. radula, L. tarascae, and L. lineri in having 28 or more femoral pores; and from all except L. smithii, L. flavimaculatum, L. chicoasense, L. occulor, and L. sylvaticum in having 55 or more gulars (from BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002). 
Comment 
EtymologyNamed after the Greek “mikros” = small and “pholis” = scale, and presumably refers to the small size of the dorsal scales. 
References
  • Bezy,R.L. 1984. Systematics of xantusiid lizards of the genus Lepidophyma in northeastern Mexico. Contr. Sci. (Los Angeles) 349: 1-16 - get paper here
  • Bezy,R.L. 1989. Morphological differentiation in unisexual and bisexual xantusiid lizards of the genus Lepidophyma in Central America. Herpetological Monographs 3: 61-80 - get paper here
  • Bezy,R.L. & Camarillo, J.L. 2002. SYSTEMATICS OF XANTUSIID LIZARDS OF THE GENUS LEPIDOPHYMA. Contributions in Science (493): 1–41 - get paper here
  • Johnson, J. D., L. D. Wilson, V. Mata-Silva, E. García-Padilla, and D. L. DeSantis. 2017. The endemic herpetofauna of Mexico: organisms of global significance in severe peril. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(3): 544–620
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Savage, J. M. 1963. 'Studies on the Lizard Family Xantusiidae IV. The Genera. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles County Museum (71): 1 - 38 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A.; Elí García-Padilla, Francisco E. Leyto-Delgado, and Leccinum J. García- Morales 2015. New records and distributional range extensions for amphibians and reptiles from Tamaulipas, Mexico. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (2): 208-214 - get paper here
  • Walker, Charles F. 1955. Two new lizards of the genus Lepidophyma from Tamaulipas. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (564): 1-10
 
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