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Lepidophyma smithii BOCOURT, 1876

IUCN Red List - Lepidophyma smithii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaXantusiidae (Lepidophyminae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Smith's Tropical Night Lizard
S: Lagartija Nocturna de Smith 
SynonymLepidophyma smithii BOCOURT 1876: 402
Lepidophyma flavimaculatum — STUART 1963 (fide VILLA et al. 1988)
Akleistops guatemalensis F. MÜLLER 1878: 390
Lepidophyma smithii tehuanae SMITH 1942: 377
Lepidophyma smithii smithii — H. M. SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 152
Lepidophyma flavimaculatum smithii — SAVAGE 1963: 35
Lepidophyma flavimaculatum smithii — WERMUTH 1965
Lepidophyma flavimaculatum tehuanae — WERMUTH 1965
Lepidophyma smithii — LINER 1994
Lepidophyma smithii — KÖHLER 2000: 105
Lepidophyma smithii — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015 
DistributionSE Mexico (Guerrero, Veracruz, Oaxaca, Chiapas), Guatemala, El Salvador

smithii: Pacific slopes of Chiapas and W Guatemala. Type locality: Tehuantepec, and west coast of Guatemala. Restricted (H. M. SMITH & TAYLOR 1950) to Mazatenango, Guatemala.

tehuanae: Pacific slopes of Oaxaca and Chiapas (? Tonalá) in the vicinity of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Reported from Tres Cruces, El Limón, Cerro Arenal, La Concepción, Santa Efigenia, mountains near Santo Domingo, near Tehuantepec, Cafetal Concordia. Type locality: Cerro Arenal, 30 km west of Tehuantepec, Oaxaca.  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesSyntypes: MNHN 4968, MNHN 4968A, MNHN 4323, MNHN 4323A, MNHN 4323B (5 specimens) (smithii)
Holotype: USNM 111488 [tehuanae]
Lecotype: NHMB [guatemalensis] 
CommentSynonymy after Wermuth 1965. Distribution partly after SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.
Lepidophyma smithii tehuanae SMITH 1942 has been renamed Lepidophyma flavimaculatum tehuanae SMITH 1942 (fide LINER 1994).

Max. SVL: 112 mm.

Habitat: rocks and decomposing plants.

Walker (1955) concluded that L. smithii is conspecific with L. flavimaculatum and this arrangement has been followed by several subsequent workers (e.g., Smith, 1973). The ranges of the two forms are separated by only ca. 20 km on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, with L. smithii extending north to Santo Domingo de Guzma´n (5 Santo Domingo Petapa; Goodwin, 1969) and L. flavimaculatum south to El Mogon˜ e´. In this region, the two species differ in number of femoral pores, lateral tubercle rows, and the presence of a pale interparietal spot. Although geographical variation among the localities of these 2 widely distributed species produces overlap in number of femoral pores, the two species consistently differ in two other scale features (Table 1) and in chromosome number (Bezy, 1972). The population of L. smithii found near Puerto Marque´s, Guerrero, is the most divergent in scalation and its systematic status warrants further study (from BEZY & CAMARILLO 2002). 
EtymologyNamed after Sir Andrew Smith, M.D. (1797–1872; founder of the South African Museum), whose description and figure of Poriodogaster grayi (a junior synonym of L. flavimaculatum) was used by Bocourt (1876) to compare with L. smithii. 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bezy,R.L. 1984. Systematics of xantusiid lizards of the genus Lepidophyma in northeastern Mexico. Contr. Sci. (Los Angeles) 349: 1-16 - get paper here
  • Bezy,R.L. & Camarillo, J.L. 2002. SYSTEMATICS OF XANTUSIID LIZARDS OF THE GENUS LEPIDOPHYMA. Contributions in Science (493): 1–41 - get paper here
  • Bocourt, F. 1876. Note sur quelques reptiles de l'Isthme de Tehuantepec (Mexique) donnés par M. Sumichrast au museum. Journal de Zoologie. Paris. 5 (5-6): 386-411 - get paper here
  • Brygoo, E. R. 1990. Les types d'Amphisbaenidés, Pygopodidés, Xantusiidés (Reptiles, Sauriens) du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle - Catalogue critique. Bull. Mus. Nat. Hist. Nat. 12 (ser. 4) A (3-4), suppl.: 3-18
  • Calzada-Arciniega, Rafael Alejandro; Ernesto Recuero, Mirna Grisel Garcia-Castillo, Gabriela Parra-Olea 2017. New records and an updated list of Herpetofauna from Cerro Piedra Larga, an isolated mountain massif in Oaxaca, Mexico Herpetology Notes 10: 651-658 - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Eisenberg, T. 2013. Amphibien und Reptilien im Energiesparhaus. Chancen und Möglichkeiten des Erneuerbare-Energien-Gesetzes für die Terrarientierhaltung. Reptilia (Münster) 18 (99): 32-40 - get paper here
  • Goldberg, Stephen R., Charles R. Bursey and Robert L. Bezy. 2015. A summary and discussion of helminth parasites reported from Xantusid lizards with a new nematode record from Lepidophyma smithii (Squamata: Xantusidae). Herpetological Review 46 (4): 501-505
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Kramer, Eugen 1979. Typenkatalog der Echsen im Naturhistorischen Museum Basel (BM), Stand 1978. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 86 (1): 159-166 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1952. Die Amphibien und Reptilien von El Salvador. Abh. senckenb. naturf. Ges. (Frankfurt) (No. 487): 120 pp.
  • Müller, F. 1878. Über einige seltene und neue Reptilien aus Guatemala. Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel, 6: 390-411 - get paper here
  • PALACIOS-AGUILAR, RICARDO & OSCAR FLORES-VILLELA 2018. An updated checklist of the herpetofauna from Guerrero, Mexico. Zootaxa 4422 (1): 1-24 - get paper here
  • Palacios-Aguilar, Ricardo;Rufino Santos-Bibiano, and Oscar Flores-Villela 2018. A New Species of Lepidophyma (Squamata: Xantusiidae) from the Pacific Lowlands of Guerrero, Mexico Journal of Herpetology Sep 2018, Vol. 52, No. 3: 327-331. - get paper here
  • Peterson, A.T. et al. 2004. A preliminary biological survey of Cerro Piedra Larga, Oaxaca, Mexico: Birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and plants. Anales del Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Serie Zoología 75(2): 439-466
  • Savage, Jay M. 1963. Studies on the lizard family Xantusidae IV. The Genera. Contributions in Science, Los Angeles (71): 1-38
  • Smith, Hobart 1942. Mexican herpetological miscellany. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 92 (3153): 349-395 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. & Taylor, Edward H. 1950. Type localities of Mexican reptiles and amphibians. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (8): 313-380 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2017. Der große Treck – Teil 5.Don’t mess with Texas. Reptilia (Münster) 22 (128): 68-79 - get paper here
 
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