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Lepidophyma zongolica GARCÍA-VÁZQUEZ, CANSECO-MARQUEZ & AGUILAR-LÓPEZ, 2010

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Higher TaxaXantusiidae (Lepidophyminae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymLepidophyma zongolica GARCÍA-VÁZQUEZ, CANSECO-MARQUEZ & AGUILAR-LÓPEZ 2010 
DistributionMexico (Puebla)

Type locality: at El Tepeyac, Municipality of Eloxochitlán, Puebla, México (18° 29 ́ 15.8 ́ ́ N, 96° 51 ́ 1.7 ́ ́ W), 94 m elevation.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: MZFC 22186 (original number, UOGV 1229), adult male collected on 30 June 2007. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. The new species differs from other members of the genus, except Lepidophyma smithii, L. flavimaculatum, L. reticulatum, L. micropholis, L. occulor and L. sylvaticum in having 100 or more dorsal scales along the paravertebral row (100-106 vs 53-98); from L. micropholis in having less than 107 dorsal scales along the paravertebral row (100-106 vs 107-140); from L. reticulatum, L. micropholis, and L. occulor in having fewer dorsals (174-184 vs 197-251); from L. dontomasi, L. gaigeae, L. lowei, L. radula, L. tarascae, and L. cuicateca in having a higher number of dorsals scales (174-184 vs 121-170); from L. dontomasi, L. gaigeae, L. lowei, L. radula, L. smithii, L. tarascae, L. lineri, L. tuxtlae, L. occulor and L. cuicateca, in having a greater number of total femoral pores (33-43 vs 21-31); from L. flavimaculatum in that the lateral tubercles are reduced to granular scales on the lower surfaces of the side of the body. Furthermore, L. zongolica may be easily separated from L. dontomasi, L. radula, L. lowei, L. tarascae, L. lineri, L. chicoasense, L. occulor, and L. cuicateca in having enlarged caudal whorls separated by four dorsal interwhorls (2-3 in the other species); from L. dontomasi, L. lowei, and L. radula in having more ventral interwhorls (2-3 vs 1); from L. lowei, L. radula, L. tarascae, L. lineri, L. mayae, L. pajapanense, L. tuxtlae, and L. lipetzi in having a higher number of scales in the paravertebral row (61-68 vs 37-60); from L. dontomasi, L. gaigeae, L. mayae, L. pajapanense, L. tuxtlae, L. chicoasense, L. lipetzi and L. cuicateca in having a lower number of lateral tubercles rows (21-28 vs 30-60) Additionally, L. zongolica sp. nov. is distinguished from L. dontomasi, L. lowei, L. radula, L. tarascae, L. lineri, L. occulor, and L. cuicateca in having more fourth toe lamellae (27-30 vs 10-25) and from L. chicoasense in having fewer fourth toe lamellae (35-36); from L. lineri, L. chicoasense, L. micropholis, L. occulor in having fewer gulars (40-45 vs 51-72) and from L. dontomasi, L. lowei and L. radula in having more gulars (28-37). 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe name zongolica is an adjective and refers to the type locality, Sierra Zongolica, were the species lives. 
References
  • GARCÍA-VÁZQUEZ, URI OMAR; LUIS CANSECO-MÁRQUEZ & JOSÉ LUIS AGUILAR-LÓPEZ 2010. A new species of night lizard of the genus Lepidophyma (Squamata: Xantusiidae) from southern Puebla, México. Zootaxa 2657: 47–54 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • Woolrich-Piña, G. A., E. García-Padilla, D. L. DeSantis, J. D. Johnson, V. Mata-Silva, and L. D. Wilson. 2017. The herpetofauna of Puebla, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(4): 791–884
 
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