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Lepidothyris hinkeli WAGNER, BÖHME, PAUWELS & SCHMITZ, 2009

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Lygosominae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesLepidothyris hinkeli hinkeli WAGNER, BÖHME, PAUWELS & SCHMITZ 2009
Lepidothyris hinkeli joei WAGNER, BÖHME, PAUWELS & SCHMITZ 2009 
Common NamesHinkel’s red-flanked skink 
SynonymLepidothyris hinkeli WAGNER, BÖHME, PAUWELS & SCHMITZ 2009
Lepidothyris hinkeli — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 155

Lepidothyris hinkeli joei WAGNER, BÖHME, PAUWELS & SCHMITZ 2009
Lepidothyris hinkeli joei — MARQUES et al. 2018: 242 
DistributionDemocratic Republic of Congo (Katanga) (Schmidt 1919), Rwanda (Fischer & Hinkel 1992), Uganda (Vonesh 2001), Kenya (Spawls et al. 2002; Wagner & Böhme 2007) and Zambia (IRSNB 4713)

Type locality: Cyamudongo, Nyungwe, Rwanda.

joei: Congo (Brazzaville) (ZFMK64410), DR Congo (MNHG 2539.071) and Angola (Laurent 1964); Type locality: Oyo, Bokouelé, Peoples Rep. Congo.  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: ZFMK 55701, leg. Paĉome & H. Hinkel; paratypes: ZFMK
Holotype: ZFMK 64410, leg. E. Fischer & H.Hinkel, 1993 [joei] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: The new species is distinguishable from L. fernandi by different aspects of morphology and colouration: L. hinkeli sp. n. is smaller in size than its sister taxon from West Africa; unlike L. fernandi the new species has small but distinct ear lobuli; there are between 34 and 38 scale rows around midbody, which is much higher than in L. fernandi with 31 to 34 rows; number of longitudinal ventral scales also higher (61 to 77) than in L. fernandi with 56 to 67 scales.

Diagnosis [joei]: The new subspecies differs from the nominotypic form in having a monochromatic back, without lateral bars continuing on the back. Lateral bars in most cases smaller and lower in number than in the nominate form, not bordered with white dots; lower lip is lighter than in L. hinkeli hinkeli and without any black markings on the first sublabial scales; body scales in most cases stronger keeled than in the nominate form. 
Comment 
Etymologynamed after Dr Harald Hinkel, a German naturalist whose doctorate (1994) in herpetology was awarded by Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz. He was drawn into the war in Rwanda (1992-1994) and became involved in disaster relief work (1996-2000), moving (2000) to do similar work in Somalia, where he was lucky to survive being shot through the throat. He co-edited Natur und Umwelt Ruandas – Einführung in die Flora und Fauna Ruandas (1992). 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Fischer E & HINKEL H (eds.) 1992. Natur und Umwelt Ruandas – Einführung in die Flora und Fauna Ruandas. Mainz: 452 S. (ISBN 3-920 615-15-8)
  • Hallowell,E. 1854. Remarks on the geographical distribution of reptiles, with descriptions of several species supposed to be new, and corrections of former papers. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 1854: 98-105 - get paper here
  • Laurent, R.F. 1964. Reptiles et batraciens de l'Angola (troisième note). Companhia de Di amantes de Angola (Diamang), Serviços Culturais, Museu do Dundo (Angola), No. 67, 165 pp.
  • Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840–2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
  • Schmidt, Karl Patterson 1919. Contributions to the Herpetology of the Belgian Congo based on the Collection of the American Congo Expedition, 1909-1915. Part I: turtles, crocodiles, lizards, and chamaeleons. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 39 (2): 385-624 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Wagner, P. & Böhme, W. 2007. Herpetofauna Kakamegensis – The amphibians and reptiles of Kakamega Forest, western Kenya. Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 55: 123–150 - get paper here
  • Wagner, Philipp; Wolfgang Böhme; Olivier S. G. Pauwels & Andreas Schmitz 2009. A review of the African red-flanked skinks of the Lygosoma fernandi (BURTON, 1836) species group (Squamata: Scincidae) and the role of climate change in their speciation. Zootaxa 2050: 1-30 - get paper here
 
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