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Leptodeira frenata (COPE, 1886)

IUCN Red List - Leptodeira frenata - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesLeptodeira frenata frenata (COPE 1886)
Leptodeira frenata malleisi DUNN & STUART 1935
Leptodeira frenata yucatanensis (COPE 1887) 
Common NamesRainforest Cat-eyed Snake 
SynonymSibon frenatum COPE 1886: 184
Leptodeira frenatum — COPE 1892: 677
Leptodeira yucatanensis - SCHMIDT 1941 (fide VILLA et al. 1988)
Leptodeira frenata — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 154
Leptodeira frenata — LINER 1994
Leptodeira frenata frenata — LINER 2007
Leptodeira frenata — WALLACH et al. 2014

Leptodeira frenata malleisi DUNN & STUART 1935
Leptodeira yucatanensis malleisi DUNN & STUART 1935
Leptodeira yucatanensis malleisi — STUART 1935: 53
Leptodeira yucatanensis malleisi — GAIGE 1936
Leptodeira yucatanensis malleisi — SMITH 1943: 442
Leptodeira frenata malleisi — DUELLMAN & WERLER 1955: 1
Leptodeira frenata malleisi — DUELLMAN 1958: 62
Leptodeira frenata malleisi — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 154
Leptodeira frenata malleisi — LINER 2007

Leptodeira frenata yucatanensis (COPE 1887)
Sibon annulata yucatanensis COPE 1887
Leptodeira yucatanensis — BARBOUR & COLE 1906: 151
Leptodeira frenata yucatanensis — LINER 2007 
DistributionMexico (Oaxaca, Veracruz, Tabasco, Chiapas, Yucatan), Guatemala, Belize; elevation 150-450 m.

malleisi: México (Campeche, Chiapas, Quintana Roo); Belize, Guatemala; Type locality: Tuxpeña, Campeche, Mexico.

yucatanensis: Mexico (Yucatán); Type locality: Yucatán; restricted to Chichén Itzá, Yucatan, México by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.

Type locality: Jalapa, Veracruz, Mexico. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: lost; was number 298 in the collection of the Geographical Exploring Commission of México, Fernando-Perez, collector.
Holotype: UMMZ 73230 [malleisi]
Holotype: USNM 24887 [yucatanensis] 
  • Barbour, T., and L. J. Cole. 1906. Vertebrata from Yucatan. Reptilia, Amphibia and Pisces. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 50: 146-159 - get paper here
  • Campbell, J.A. 1998. Amphibians and reptiles of northern Guatemala, the Yucatán, and Belize. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, xiii + 380 pp. - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Cope, E.D. 1886. In: Ferrari-Perez: Catalogue of animals collected by the geographical and exploring commission of the Republic of Mexico, pp. 125-199 [Part III. Reptiles and Amphibians]. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 9: 182-199 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1887. Catalogue of batrachians and reptiles of Central America and México. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 32: 1-98 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1892. A critical review of the characters and variations of the snakes of North America. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 14: 589-694 - get paper here
  • Duellman, William E.; Werler, John E. 1955. Variation and relationships of the colubrid snake Leptodeira frenata. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (570): 1-9
  • Duellman,W.E. 1958. A monographic study of the colubrid snake genus Leptodeira. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 114 (1): 1-152
  • Dunn, E. R.; Stuart, L. C. 1935. A new race of Leptodeira from northern Central America. Occasional Papers of the Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (313): 1-3 - get paper here
  • Guerra Centeno, Dennis; Héctor Fuentes Rousselin & David Morán Villatoro 2012. Serpientes de Guatemala: Guía para didentificación de especies. Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, 186 pp.
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Köhler, Gunther, J. Rogelio Cedeño-Vázquez, Manuela Spaeth and Pablo M. Beutelspacher-García. 2016. The Chetumal Snake Census: generating biological data from road-killed snakes. Part 3. Leptodeira frenata, Ninia sebae, and Micrurus diastema. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3(4): 930–947 - get paper here
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The amphibians and reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Comstock, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 500 pp.
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Peters, James A.; Donoso-Barros, Roberto & Orejas-Miranda, Braulio 1970. Catalogue of the Neotropical Squamata: Part I Snakes. Part II Lizards and Amphisbaenians. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 297: 347 pp. - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1943. Summary of the collections of snakes and crocodilians made in Mexico under the Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship. Proceeding of the U. S. National Museum, 93 (3169): 393-504 - get paper here
  • Stuart, L. C. 1935. A contribution to a knowledge of the herpetology of a portion of the savanna region of Central Peten, Guatemala. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology Miscellaneous Publications 29: 1-56 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Weinstein, Scott A. 2017. Non-Front-Fanged Colubroid Snakes. In: J. Brent et al. (eds.), Critical Care Toxicology. Springer Verlag, pp. 2453-2492 - get paper here
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