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Leptodeira maculata (HALLOWELL, 1861)

IUCN Red List - Leptodeira maculata - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae (Dipsadinae), Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesSouthwestern Cat-eyed Snake 
SynonymMegalops maculatus HALLOWELL 1861: 488
Leptodeira albofusca STEJNEGER 1926 (not BOULENGER 1896)
Leptodeira septentrionalis maculata — DUNN 1936
Leptodeira smithi TAYLOR 1938
Leptodeira smithi — SCHMIDT 1947
Leptodeira maculata — TAYLOR 1949: 211
Leptodeira annulata cussiliris DUELLMAN 1958
Leptodeira annulata cussiliris DUELLMAN 1958
Leptodeira annulata cussiliris — LINER 1969
Leptodeira maculata — LINER 1994
Leptodeira maculata — LINER 2007
Leptodeira cussiliris — MULCAHY 2007
Leptodeira maculata — PIZZATTO et al. 2008
Leptodeira cussiliris — ARÉCHAGA-OCAMPO et al. 2008 
DistributionMexico (Colima, Guerrero, Michoacán, Nayarit, Sinaloa, Tamaulipas, San Luis Potosí, Morelos)

Type locality: see comment

cussiliris: México (Tamaulipas [Sierra Madre], to Chiapas, Guerrero, Oaxaca, Hidalgo, Puebla, Veracruz, Morelos); elevation from 0-2000 m; Type locality: Rancho Poso Rio, 6 kilometers south of Tehuantepec, Oaxaca, Mexico. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: USNM 7367
Holotype: UMMZ, an adult male, collected by Norman Hartweg and James A. Oliver, August 20, 1936. [cussiliris] 
CommentSynonymy mostly after DUELLMAN 1958. Not listed by WALLACH et al. 2014 (although its index lists Megalops maculatus with page 360 where it is not found).

Distribution: endemic to Mexico fide Wilson et al. 2010. Not in Jalisco fide CRUZ-SÁENZ et al. 2017. The type locality is “probably Nicaragua” (fide SMITH 1944) but according to Wilson et al. 2010 this is most likely wrong. The original type locality (”Tahiti”) is erroneous.

cussiliris: México (Tamaulipas [Sierra Madre], to Chiapas, Guerrero, Oaxaca, Hidalgo, Puebla, Veracruz); elevation from 0-2000 m; Type locality: Rancho Poso Rio, 6 kilometers south of Tehuantepec, Oaxaca, Mexico. 
References
  • ARÉCHAGA-OCAMPO, Samuel; Carlos A. MONTALBÁN HUIDOBRO & Rubén CASTRO-FRANCO 2008. NUEVOS REGISTROS Y AMPLIACION DE LA DISTRIBUCION DE ANFIBIOS Y REPTILES EN EL ESTADO DE MORELOS, MÉXICO. Acta Zoológica Mexicana (n.s.) 24 (2): 231-233
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Cruz-Sáenz, Daniel, Ángeles Penilla-Juarez and David Lazcano. 2013. Notes on the Herpetofauna of Western Mexico 10: Herpetofauna of the Protected Natural Area “Estero El Salado” and Adjacent Areas in Puerto Vallarta, Jalisco, Mexico. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 48 (9):117-119
  • Duellman,W.E. 1958. A monographic study of the colubrid snake genus Leptodeira. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 114 (1): 1-152
  • García, A. & Ceballos, G. 1994. GUIA DE CAMPO DE LOS 'REPTILES Y ANFIBIOS DE LA COSTA DE JALISCO, MEXICO. FUNDACION ECOLOGICA DE CUIXMALA, A.C. INSTITUTO DE BIOLOGIA, UNAM
  • Hall, Charles W. 1951. Notes on a small herpetological collection from Guerreo. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 34 (4): 201-212 - get paper here
  • Hallowell, E. 1861. Report upon the Reptilia of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under command of Capt. John Rogers, U. S. N. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 12 [1860]: 480 - 510 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Martin, Plul S. 1958. A biogeography of reptiles and amphibians in the Gomez Farias Region, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (101): 1-102 + 7 plates - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, V., E. García-Padilla, D. L. DeSantis, A. Rocha, L. D. Wilson, P. R. Simón-Salvador, C. Mayoral-Halla, B. F. Montiel-Altamirano, and A. Ramírez-Bautista. 2017. New herpetofaunal distribution records for the state of Oaxaca, Mexico. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(3): 679–683 - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, Karl P.;Shannon, Frederick A. 1947. Notes on amphibians and reptiles of Michoacan, Mexico. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 31 (9): 63-85
  • Shine, Richard 1994. Sexual size dimorphism in snakes revisited. Copeia 1994 (2): 326-346 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1944. Snakes of the Hoogstraal Expeditions to northern Mexico. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 29 (8): 135-152 - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1936. Notes on the Herpetological fauna of the Mexican state of Sinaloa. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 24 (20): 505-537 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1949. A preliminary account of the herpetology of the state of San Luis Potosi, Mexico. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (2): 169-215 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Webb, R.G. 1984. Herpetogeography in the Mazatlán-Durango Region of the Sierra Madre Occidental, Mexico. Vetrebrate Ecology and Systematics - A ribute to Henry S. Fitch; Museum of Natural History, University of Kansas, Lawrence, pp. 217-241
  • Wilson, L. D.; J. H. Townsend, and J. D. Johnson (eds.) 2010. Conservation of Mesoamerican Amphibians and Reptiles. Eagle Mountain Publishing LC, Eagle Mountain, Utah, 812 pp.
 
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