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Leptophis mexicanus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL, 1854

IUCN Red List - Leptophis mexicanus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesLeptophis mexicanus mexicanus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854
Leptophis mexicanus hoeversi HENDERSON 1976
Leptophis mexicanus septentrionalis MERTENS 1972
Leptophis mexicanus yucatanensis OLIVER 1942 
Common NamesE: Mexican Parrot Snake
G: Mexikanische Dünnschlange 
SynonymLeptophis mexicanus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 536
Thrasops mexicanus — COPE 1866: 127
Leptophis mexicanus — GARMAN 1884: 20
Leptophis mexicanus — BOULENGER 1894: 108
Leptophis mexicanus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 164
Leptophis mexicanus — LINER 1994
Leptophis mexicanus — SAVAGE 2002
Leptophis mexicana — MEHRTENS 1987: 227
Leptophis mexicanus — MATA-SILVA et al. 2015
Leptophis mexicanus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 373

Leptophis mexicanus mexicanus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854
Leptophis mexicanus mexicanus — OLIVER 1942: 10
Thalerophis mexicanus mexicanus — OLIVER 1948: 211
Leptophis mexicanus mexicanus — PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970: 164
Leptophis mexicanus mexicanus — LINER 2007

Leptophis mexicanus septentrionalis MERTENS 1972
Leptophis mexicanus septentrionalis — LINER 2007

Leptophis mexicanus yucatanensis OLIVER 1942
Leptophis mexicanus yucatanensis — KLUGE 1984
Leptophis mexicanus yucatanensis — LINER 2007 
DistributionS Mexico (Chiapas, Veracruz, Oaxaca, Yucatan, Campeche, San Luis Potosi [HR 26: 156], Querétaro [HR 27: 213], Tamaulipas, Puebla, Hidalgo, Nuevo León [HR 48: 590]), Guatemala, Honduras, Belize, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica; elevation (Honduras): 60-940 m

Type locality: Mexico

yucatanensis: Mexico (Quintana Roo); Type locality: Cobá. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesLectotype: MNHN 3455, a 965 mm specimen, designated by Mertens, 1973: 146.
Holotype: UMMZ [yucatanensis] 
CommentSynonymy after PETERS & OREJAS-MIRANDA 1970, who also listed Ahaetulla modesta GÜNTHER 1872 as synonym of Leptophis mexicanus (but which has been revalidated to full species status; see Leptophis modestus).
Mostly arboricol.

Max. total length: 1.2 m

Relative abundance in Honduras: rare 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality. 
  • Boulenger, George A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume II., Containing the Conclusion of the Colubridæ Aglyphæ. British Mus. (Nat. Hist.), London, xi, 382 pp. - get paper here
  • Camarillo,R.J.L. 1995. Distribution records for some amphibians and reptiles from Mexico. Bull. Maryland Herp. Soc. 31 (4): 195-197
  • Campbell, J.A. 1998. Amphibians and reptiles of northern Guatemala, the Yucatán, and Belize. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, xiii + 380 pp. - get paper here
  • Casas-Andreu, G., F.R. Méndez-De la Cruz and X. Aguilar-Miguel. 2004. Anfibios y Reptiles; pp. 375–390, in A.J.M. García-Mendoza, J. Ordoñez and M. Briones-Salas (ed.). Biodiversidad de Oaxaca. Instituto de Biología, UNAM-Fondo Oaxaqueño para la Conservación de la Naturaleza-World Wildlife Fund, México, D. F.
  • Diener, E. 2007. Die Erdspitznatter Oxybelis aeneus und die Lianennatter Leptophis mexicanus als Prädatoren der Schwarzleguane Ctenosaura similis und C. bakeri. Elaphe 15 (3): 59-62
  • Dixon, James R. and Julio A. Lemos-Espinal 2010. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Queretaro, Mexico. Tlalnepantla UNAM, 428 pp.
  • Duméril, A.M.C., G. BIBRON & A.H.A. DUMÉRIL 1854. Erpétologie générale ou Histoire Naturelle complète des Reptiles. Vol. 7 (partie 1). Paris, xvi + 780 S. - get paper here
  • Espinal, Mario; José M. Solís, Carlos M. O’Reilly, Leonel Marineros, and Hermes Vega 2014. New distributional records for amphibians and reptiles from the department of Santa Bárbara, Honduras. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 300 - get paper here
  • Espinal, Mario; José Mario Solís, Carlos O’Reilly, and Rony Valle 2014. New distributional records for amphibians and reptiles from the department of Choluteca, Honduras. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 298 - get paper here
  • Fernández-Badillo, Leonardo and Gonzalo Hernández-Hernández. 2016. Leptophis mexicanus (Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854). Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (2): 514 - get paper here
  • Gaige,H. 1936. Some reptiles and amphibians from Yucatan and Campeche, Mexico. Carnegie Inst. Wash. Publ., (457): 289-304.
  • González-Sánchez, V. H., J. D. Johnson, E. García-Padilla, V. Mata-Silva, D. L. DeSantis and L. D. Wilson. 2017. The Herpetofauna of the Mexican Yucatan Peninsula: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(2): 264–380 - get paper here
  • Guerra Centeno, Dennis; Héctor Fuentes Rousselin & David Morán Villatoro 2012. Serpientes de Guatemala: Guía para didentificación de especies. Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala, 186 pp.
  • Hallmen, M. 2011. Mit Schülerpraktikanten in der Iguana-Station auf der Insel Utila, Honduras Teil 1: Eine neue Herausforderung. Reptilia (Münster) 16 (90): 73-78 - get paper here
  • Heimes, P. 2016. Snakes of Mexico. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 572 pp
  • Henderson, C.L. 2010. Mammals, Amphibians, and Reptiles of Costa Rica - A field guide. University of Texas Press, Austin, 198 pp.
  • Henderson,R. W. 1976. A new insular subspecies of the colubrid snake Leptophis mexicanus (Reptilia: Serpentes: Colubridae) from Belize. Journal of Herpetology 10: 329-331 - get paper here
  • Jansen, M. & G. Koehler 2002. Biogeographische Analyse der Herpetofauna von ausgewählten Hochlandgebieten Nicaraguas Salamandra 38 (4): 269-286 - get paper here
  • Johnson, Jerry D.; Vicente Mata-Silva, Elí García Padilla, and Larry David Wilson 2015. The Herpetofauna of Chiapas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (3): 272–329. - get paper here
  • Juárez-Peña, Carlos, Ángel Sosa Bartuano and Silvia Sigüenza-Mejia. 2016. New herpetofaunal records for Parque Nacional Montecristo, El Salvador. El Salvador, Santa Ana. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3(4): 1107–1113 - get paper here
  • Kabisch, K. 2003. Zur Nahrung der Mexikanischen Schlanknatter, Leptophis mexicanus, DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL , 1854. Sauria 25 (4): 3-5 - get paper here
  • Köhler, G. 1996. Additions to the known herpetofauna of the Isla de Utila (Islas de la Bahia, Honduras) with description of a new species of the genus Norops (Reptilia: Iguanidae). Senckenbergiana biologica 76 (1/2): 19-28.
  • Köhler, G. 2008. Reptiles of Central America. 2nd Ed. Herpeton-Verlag, 400 pp.
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Lee, J.C. 1996. The amphibians and reptiles of the Yucatán Peninsula. Comstock, Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 500 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A. and James R. Dixon 2013. Amphibians and Reptiles of San Luis Potosí. Eagle Mountain Publishing, xii + 300 pp.
  • Lemos-Espinal, Julio A., Geoffrey R. Smith 2015. Amphibians and reptiles of the state of Hidalgo, Mexico. Check List 11 (3): 1642 - get paper here
  • Liner, Ernest A. 2007. A CHECKLIST OF THE AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES OF MEXICO. Louisiana State University Occasional Papers of the Museum of Natural Science 80: 1-60 - get paper here
  • Martin, Plul S. 1958. A biogeography of reptiles and amphibians in the Gomez Farias Region, Tamaulipas, Mexico. Miscellaneous publications, Museum of Zoology, University of Michigan (101): 1-102 + 7 plates - get paper here
  • Mata-Silva, Vicente, Jerry D. Johnson, Larry David Wilson and Elí García-Padilla. 2015. The herpetofauna of Oaxaca, Mexico: composition, physiographic distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (1): 6–62 - get paper here
  • McCranie J R 2011. The snakes of Honduras. SSAR, Salt Lake City, 725 pp.
  • McCranie, J. & Castañeda, F.E. 2005. The herpetofauna of Parque Nacional Pico Bonito, Honduras. Phyllomedusa 4 (1): 3-16 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. 2015. A checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with additions, comments on taxonomy, some recent taxonomic decisions, and areas of further studies needed. Zootaxa 3931 (3): 352–386 - get paper here
  • McCranie, James R. and Alexander Gutsche. 2013. Geographic Distribution: Leptophis mexicanus (Mexican parrot snake; ranera Mexicana). Herpetological Review 44 (3): 477
  • Mertens, R. 1971. Beobachtungen an Schlanknattern der Gattung Leptophis. Salamandra 7 (3-4): 117-122 - get paper here
  • Mertens, R. 1973. Bemerkenswerte Schlanknattern der neotropischen Gattung Leptophis. Stud. Neotrop. Fauna 8: 141-154.
  • Mertens,R. 1972. Eine neue Schlanknatter der Gattung Leptophis aus Mexico. Senckenbergiana biologica 53: 341-342
  • Nevárez-de Los Reyes, M., Lazcano, D. & Bonilla-Vega, A. 2017. Geographic Distribution: Leptophis mexicanus (Mexican Parrot Snake). Herpetological Review 48 (3): 590.
  • Oliver, J. A. 1942. A check list of the snakes of the genus Leptophis, with descriptions of new forms. Occ. Pap. Mus. Zool., Univ. Michigan (No. 462): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Oliver, J. A. 1948. The relationships and zoogeography of the genus Thalerophis Oliver. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 92: 157-280.
  • Padilla-García, Ulises;Mendoza-Quijano, Fernando 1996. Geographic Distribution. Leptophis mexicanus septentrionalis. Herpetological Review 27 (4): 213-214 - get paper here
  • Pfistner, W.-D. 1980. Anmerkungen zur Pflege von Leptophis mexicanus und L. ahaetulla. Herpetofauna 2 (7): 12-14 - get paper here
  • Pfistner, Wolf-Dieter 1981. Literature: Anmerkungen zur Pflege von Leptophis mexicanus und L. ahaetulla. Litteratura Serpentium 1 (4): 164 - get paper here
  • Platt, Steven G., Thomas R. Rainwater, Jan C. Meerman and Stanlee M. Miller. 2016. Nature Notes. Notes on the diet, foraging behavior, and venom of some snakes in Belize. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 162–170 - get paper here
  • Savage, J.M. 2002. The Amphibians and Reptiles of Costa Rica: A Herpetofauna Between Two Continents, Between Two Seas. University of Chicago Press, 934 pp. [review in Copeia 2003 (1): 205]
  • Schmidt, Dieter 2012. Giftbisse von giftigen und „harmlosen“ Schlangen. Teil 1. Terraria-Elaphe 2012 (2): 78-82 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P, & ANDREWS, E. W. 1936. Notes on snakes from Yucatán. Field Mus. Nat Hist. Zool. Ser. 20: 167-187. - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M. 1944. Snakes of the Hoogstraal Expeditions to northern Mexico. Zoological Series of Field Museum of Natural History 29 (8): 135-152 - get paper here
  • Solís, J. M., L. D. Wilson, and J. H. Townsend. 2014. An updated list of the amphibians and reptiles of Honduras, with comments on their nomenclature. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1: 123–144 - get paper here
  • Solorzano, A. 2004. Serpientes de Costa Rica - Snakes of Costa Rica. Editorial INBio, Costa Rica, 792 pp.
  • Stuart, L. C. 1935. A contribution to a knowledge of the herpetology of a portion of the savanna region of Central Peten, Guatemala. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology Miscellaneous Publications 29: 1-56 - get paper here
  • Sunyer, Javier 2014. An updated checklist of the amphibians and reptiles of Nicaragua. Mesoamerican Herpetology 1 (2): 186–202. - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1949. A preliminary account of the herpetology of the state of San Luis Potosi, Mexico. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (2): 169-215 - get paper here
  • Terán-Juárez, Sergio A., Elí García Padilla, Vicente Mata-Silva, Jerry D. Johnson and Larry David Wilson. 2016. The herpetofauna of Tamaulipas, Mexico: composition, distribution, and conservation status. Mesoamerican Herpetology 3 (1): 43–113 - get paper here
  • Uzzell, T. M., & STARRETT, P. 1958. Snakes from El Salvador. Copeia 1958 (4): 339-342. - get paper here
  • Vences M., Franzen M., Flaschendräger A., Schmitt R. & Regös J. 1998. Beobachtungen zur Herpetofauna von Nicaragua: kommentierte Artenliste der Reptilien. Salamandra 34 (1): 17-42 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Wehrenberg, Gerrit 2013. Schlangenbeobachtungen während einer Reise durch Costa Rica. Ophidia 7 (2): 27-33 - get paper here
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