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Leptotyphlops pungwensis BROADLEY & WALLACH, 1997

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Higher TaxaLeptotyphlopidae, Leptotyphlopinae, Leptotyphlopini, Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymLeptotyphlops pungwensis BROADLEY & WALLACH 1997
Leptotyphlops pungwensis — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007: 64
Leptotyphlops pungwensis — ADALSTEINSSON, BRANCH, TRAPE, VITT & HEDGES 2009
Leptotyphlops pungwensis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 369 
DistributionMozambique (Pungwe Flats)

Type locality: between Muda and Lamego railway sidings,
Pungwe Flats, Mozambique (19°22'S: 34°22'E). Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: NMZB-UM 7251 (juvenile female). Collected by D.G. Broadley on 8 November 1963. 
CommentLeptotyphlops pungwensis is sympatric with L. longicaudus (Peters) and L. scutifrons (Peters).

This is one of the smallest snakes with an adult total length of <105 mm.

Known only from the holotype.

Diagnosis: A Leptotyphlops of the scutifrons group (i.e. prefrontal fused with rostral; 10 scale rows round tail), differing from sympatric (scutifrons) and parapatric (conjunctus) species in its pale brown colouration, elongate wedge-shaped rostral and longitudinally bisected interparietal, whlch is followed by an enlarged inferoccipital. In its visceral anatomy this species differs from all other members of tlle scutifrons group, except L. sylvicolus of KwazuluiNatal, in its long hyoid and trachea, posteriorly situated heart and elongate right lung, vascularised for more than half its length. The wide gap between liver and gall bladder is not found in any other member of the group. 
Etymologynamed after its type locality. 
References
  • Adalsteinsson, S.A.; Branch, W.R.; Trapé, S.; Vitt, L.J. & Hedges, S.B. 2009. Molecular phylogeny, classification, and biogeography of snakes of the Family Leptotyphlopidae (Reptilia, Squamata). Zootaxa 2244: 1-50 - get paper here
  • Broadley D G. Wallach V. 1997. A review of the worm snakes of Mozambique (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae) with the description of a new species. Arnoldia Zimbabwe 10 (11): 111-119
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Broadley, Sheila 1999. A review of the Arican wormsnakes from South of Latitude 12°S (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Syntarsus 5: 1-36
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2007. A revision of the genus Leptotyphlops in northeastern Africa and southwestern Arabia (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae). Zootaxa 1408: 1–78 - get paper here
  • Hahn D. E. & V. WALLACH, 1998. Comments on the systematics of Old World Leptotyphlops (Serpentes: Leptotyphlopidae), with description of a new species. Hamadryad 23: 50-62 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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