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Lerista lineopunctulata (GRAY, 1839)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesDotted-line Robust Slider, West Coast Line-spotted Lerista 
SynonymRhodona punctata GRAY 1839: 335 (non Lacerta punctata LINNAEUS 1758)
Brachystopus lineopunctulata DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 779
Ronia catenulata GRAY 1841: 87
Rhodona lineopunctulata — SMITH 1937: 231
Lygosoma (Rhodona) lineopunctulatum — GLAUERT 1960: 96
Lygosoma (Rhodona) lineopunctulatum — FORD 1963
Lerista lineopunctulata — GREER 1967
Lerista lineopunctulata — COGGER 1983: 174
Lerista lineopunctulata — GANS & FUSARI 1994
Lerista lineopunctulata — COGGER 2000: 525
Rhodona punctata — WELLS 2012: 2
Rhodona lineopunctulata — WELLS 2012: 30
Lerista lineopunctulata — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Lerista lineopunctulata — AMEY & EDWARDS 2017 
DistributionAustralia (Western Australia)

Type locality: Australia (but see note below).  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHP 1246, from Australia (original description cites Cape of Good Hope, southern Africa), see Guibé (1954) [Brachystopus lineopunctulata].
Holotype: BMNH (not found), from W. A. [Ronia catenulata]
Syntypes: BMNH 1946.9.4.73-77, from Australia. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. A species of Lerista with forelimb only a short stump (L1 = 0.7–1.2% SVL), two digits on a relatively short hindlimb (L2 <14% SVL), fused frontoparietals, four or five supraciliaries and a free eyelid (vs. fused into a transparent spectacle) (AMEY & EDWARDS 2017).

Comparisons. Only three other species of Lerista, L. connivens, L. miopus and L. varia, have the combination of forelimb with a nubbin or stump, two digits on the hindlimb, free eyelid and interparietal fused to the frontoparietals. Lerista lineopunctulata differs from L. connivens in a more developed forelimb (a stump 0.7–1.2% SVL vs. usually a depression only or a nubbin no more than 0.6% SVL), a reduced hindlimb (up to 14% SVL vs. 13–23% SVL, 7–10 subdigital lamellae on longest toe, homologous to digit IV, see Greer (1987, 1990) vs. 11–14, 5–7 supradigital scales on longest toe vs. 8–11), more supraciliaries (5 vs. 4) and colour pattern (brown-grey dorsally with lines of dark brown spots, pattern fading laterally vs. two irregular lines of dark brown enclosing a paler brown vertebral stripe and a solid dark brown upper lateral stripe). From L. miopus, it differs in a more developed forelimb (a stump 0.7–1.2% SVL vs. usually a depression only or a nubbin no more than 0.7% SVL) and more distinct colour pattern (lines of dark brown spots vs. often so indistinct as to appear patternless). From L. varia, it differs in a more developed forelimb (a stump 0.7–1.2% SVL vs. usually a depression only or a nubbin no more than 0.4% SVL), a reduced hindlimb (up to 14% SVL vs. 13–24% SVL, 5–7 supradigitals on the longest toe vs. 8–10), more paravertebrals (76–88 vs. 63–73) and a generally bolder colour pattern (usually brown-grey with lines of dark brown spots dorsally vs. usually 2–4 indistinct lines of dark brown spots) (AMEY & EDWARDS 2017). 
CommentSynonymy partly after COGGER 1983.

Type species: Rhodona punctata Gray, 1839 is the type species of the genus Rhodona Gray, 1839. This genus was resurrected by WELLS 2012: 22, who also provides a diagnosis of the genus. Unfortunately WELLS did not provide a phylogenetic analysis of the genera, into which he broke up Lerista, hence we leave the current genus Lerista intact for the time being. 
Etymology 
References
  • AMEY, ANDREW P.; DANIELLE L. EDWARDS 2017. Taxonomy of the Sand Sliders of Western Australia’s central coast (genus Lerista, Squamata: Scincidae): recognition of Lerista miopus (Günther, 1867) Zootaxa 4317 (1): - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Ford, J. 1963. The Reptilian Fauna of the Islands between Dongara and Lancelin, Western Australia. Western Australian Naturalist 8 (6): 135-142
  • Gans C; Fusari M 1994. Locomotor analysis of surface propulsion by three species of reduced-limbed fossorial lizards (Lerista: Scincidae) from Western Australia. Journal of Morphology 222 (3): 309-326
  • Glauert, L. 1960. Herpetological miscellanea. XII. The family Scincidae in Western Australia. Pt. 2. The genus Lygosoma. Western Australian Naturalist 7 (4): 81-99
  • Glauert, L. 1962. Herpetological miscellanea. XIII. A new skink from the North-west Cape, Western Australia. Western Australian Naturalist 8: 86-87
  • Gray, J. E. 1841. Description of some new species and four new genera of reptiles from Western Australia, discovered by John Gould, Esq. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 7: 86-91 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1839. Catalogue of the slender-tongued saurians, with descriptions of many new genera and species. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (1) 2: 331-337 (287-293) [1838] - get paper here
  • Greer, Allen E. 1967. A new generic arrangement for some Australian scincid lizards. Breviora (267): 1-19 - get paper here
  • Guibé, J. 1954. Catalogue des Types de Lézards du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle Naturelle. Paris, Imprimerie Nationale, 119 pp.
  • Günther, A. 1867. Additions to the knowledge of Australian reptiles and fishes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 20: 45-57 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1873. Notes on and descriptions of some lizards with rudimentary limbs, in the British Museum. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 12: 145-148 - get paper here
  • HAACKE, W.D. 2005. Konstriktionsverhalten bei einer australischen Elapide. Ein persönliches Erlebnis. Sauria 27 (3): 19-22 - get paper here
  • Skinner, Adam; Michael S Y Lee and Mark N Hutchinson 2008. Rapid and repeated limb loss in a clade of scincid lizards. [Lerista]. BMC Evolutionary Biology 8:310 - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Storr, G. M. 1971. The genus Lerista (Lacertilia: Scincidae) in Western Australia. J R. Soc. West. Aust. 54: 59-75
  • Storr, G. M., Smith, L. A. & Johnstone, R. E. 1981. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Perth: University of Western Australia Press and Western Australian Museum, 200 pp.
  • Storr, G. M.; L. A. Smith, and R. E. Johnstone 1999. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Revised Edition. Western Australian Museum
  • Werner, F. 1910. Reptilia (Geckonidae und Scincidae). In: Michaelsen, W., and R. Hartmeyer: Die Fauna Südwest-Australiens. Vol. 2. G. Fischer, Jena, pp. 451-493. - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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