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Letheobia newtoni (BOCAGE, 1890)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Afrotyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common Names 
SynonymTyphlops (Onychocephalus) Newtonii BOCAGE 1890
Typhlops newtonii — BOULENGER 1893: 55
Typhlops naveli ANGEL 1920
Rhinotyphlops newtoni — ROUX-ESTÈVE 1974: 195
Rhinotyphlops newtoni — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 82
Letheobia newtoni — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007
Letheobia newtoni — HEDGES et al. 2014
Letheobia newtoni — WALLACH et al. 2014: 380
Letheobia newtoni — CERÍACO et al. 2023 
DistributionSao Tome I, Principe I ? (Gulf of Guinea).

Type locality: "I'Ilheo das Rolas, ilot situé au sud de l'Ile St. Thomé" [= Rolas Island, south of Sao Tomé Island, Gulf of Guinea, West Africa].  
TypesHolotype: MB (Museu Bocage) 1890. 
CommentNot on Principé according to HOFER (2002). 
Etymologynamed after Mr. F. Newton, the collector of the holotype. 
  • Angel, F. 1920. Sur une collection de reptiles et de batraciens de l’Ile de San Tomé et de l’Ile du Prince et description d’une espèce nouvelle du genre Typhlops. Bull. Mus. nation. Hist. nat., Paris, 26 : 197-199 - get paper here
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bocage, J.V.B. de 1890. Sur une espèce nouvelle à ajouter à la faune erpètologique de St. Thomé et Rolas. Jorn. Sci. math. phys. nat., Lisboa, (2) 2: 61 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2007. A review of East and Central African species of Letheobia Cope, revived from the synonymy of Rhinotyphlops Fitzinger, with descriptions of five new species (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Zootaxa 1515: 31–68 - get paper here
  • Ceríaco, L. M. P., Marques, M. P., de Sousa, A. C. A., Veríssimo, J., Beja, P., & Ferreira, S. 2023. Illustrated keys and a DNA barcode reference library of the amphibians and terrestrial reptiles (Amphibia, Reptilia) of São Tomé and Príncipe (Gulf of Guinea, West Africa). ZooKeys, 1168, 41-75
  • Chippaux, Jean-Philippe & Kate Jackson 2019. Snakes of Central and Western Africa. Johns Hopkins University Press, 448 pp. [detaileld review in HR 51 (1): 161] - get paper here
  • Franzen, M. & V. Wallach 2002. A new Rhinotyphlops from southeastern Turkey (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Journal of Herpetology 36 (2): 176-184 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Hofer, D. 2002. The São Tomé and Principé Handbook. D. Hofer Verlag, Bern, 152 pp.
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Pollo, César J. 2017. Guide of Amphibians and Reptiles of São Tomé and Príncipe. Smashwords / César J. Pollo, 156 pp. - get paper here
  • Roux-Estève, R. 1974. Révision systématique des Typhlopidae d'Afrique. Reptilia. Serpentes. Mém. nation. Hist. nat., Paris, (sér.A.) 87: 1-313
  • Ukuwela, K.D.B., de Silva, A., Sivaruban, A. et al. 2022. Diversity, distribution, and natural history of the marine snakes of Sri Lanka. Marine Biodiversity 52, 24 (2022) - get paper here
  • Wallach, V. & Gemel, R. 2018. Typhlops weidholzi n. inedit., a new species of Letheobia from the republic of Cameroon, and a synopsis of the genus (Squamata: Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopidae). Herpetozoa 31 (1/2): 27 - 46 - get paper here
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