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Letheobia pallida COPE, 1868

IUCN Red List - Letheobia pallida - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Afrotyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesZanzibar Beaked Snake 
SynonymLetheobia pallida COPE 1868: 322
Typhlops pallidus - BOULENGER 1893: 54
Typhlops pallidus — LOVERIDGE 1955
Rhinotyphlops pallidus - ROUX-ESTÈVE 1974: 217
Typhlops pallidus — PITMAN 1974
Rhinotyphlops pallidus — LARGEN & RASMUSSEN 1993
Rhinotyphlops pallidus — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 83
Rhinotyphlops pallidus — SPAWLS et al. 2001
Letheobia pallida — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007
Letheobia pallida — HEDGES et al. 2014 
DistributionZanzibar, Tanzania (Pemba Island), E Kenya, S Sudan, Ethiopia, Uganda

Type locality: Zanzibar. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesSyntype: ANSP 3300
Holotype: formerly in Essex Institute, Salem, Massachusetts; now MCZ 5723.
Lectotype: MCZ (5723), designated by BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007 
CommentDescription: Snout rounded, prominent. Rostral very broad, truncated posteriorly; frontal crescentic; supraocular transverse, its lateral apex between nasal and ocular, the latter separated from the lip by a large subocular; eye not visible; nasal suture arising from second labial; SIP X (N1, P, O, O); scale rows 24-22-22; MD 418–4; vertebrae 274; MD/V ratio 1.54–1.58; L/D ratio 5–62. Colourless. For abbreviations see L. caeca. From BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007.

Habitat: Coastal mosaic. One of the types was taken from a well (Cope 1869). 
EtymologyNamed after Latin “pallidus” = pale or yellow(ish). 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D.G.; Broadley, S. 1996. Geographical Distribution - Rhinotyphlops pallidus. African Herp News (25): 45-45
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2007. A review of East and Central African species of Letheobia Cope, revived from the synonymy of Rhinotyphlops Fitzinger, with descriptions of five new species (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Zootaxa 1515: 31–68 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1869. Observations on Reptiles of the old world. Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1868: 316-323 - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Largen,M.J. & Rasmussen,J.B. 1993. Catalogue of the snakes of Ethiopia (Reptilia Serpentes), including identification keys. Tropical Zoology 6: 313-434 - get paper here
  • Loveridge, A. 1956. On snakes collected in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan by J.S. Owen, Esq. Sudan Notes Rec. 36: 37-56 [1955]
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Pitman,C.R.S. 1974. A guide to the snakes of Uganda. Codicote, Wheldon & Wesley, L., 290 pp.
  • Roux-Estève, R. 1974. Révision systématique des Typhlopidae d'Afrique. Reptilia. Serpentes. Mém. nation. Hist. nat., Paris, (sér.A.) 87: 1-313
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
 
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