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Letheobia rufescens (CHABANAUD, 1916)

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Afrotyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesOubangui gracile blind-snake, Haut-Oubangui Beaked Snake 
SynonymTyphlops rufescens CHABANAUD 1916: 365
Typhlops vryjdaghi LAURENT 1956: 249
Typhlops vrijdaghi ROUX-ESTÈVE 1974: 230 (misspelling)
Rhinotyphlops rufescens - ROUX-ESTÈVE 1974
Rhinotyphlops rufescens — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 83
Letheobia rufescens — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2000
Letheobia rufescens — CHIRIO & INEICH 2006
Letheobia rufescens — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007
Letheobia rufescens — HEDGES et al. 2014 
DistributionCentral African Republic, N Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire).

Type locality: Type locality: Congo français [= Haut-Oubangui, Central African Republic]. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MNHN 1916.262, collected by J. Rouchet de Chazotte, 1908. 
CommentDescription: Snout with an angular horizontal edge. Rostral very broad, truncated posteriorly; frontal crescentic, just contacting nasals; supraocular transverse, its lateral apex wedged between nasal and ocular, which is separated from the subocular by a small temporal; eye not visible; nasal suture arising from first or second labial; SIP II (N1, P, S, S); scale rows 22-20-20, 20-20-20 or 22-20-22; MD 585-656; vertebrae 442-448; MD/V ratio 1.2–1.8; L/D ratio 69–90. Colourless. For abbreviations see L. caeca (from BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007).

Habitat: Lowland rain forest. 
References
  • Broadley, D.G. & Van Wallach 2000. A new blind snake (Serpentes: Typhlopidae) from montane forests of the Eastern Arc Mountains in Tanzania. African Journal of Herpetology 49 (2): 165-168 - get paper here
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2007. A review of East and Central African species of Letheobia Cope, revived from the synonymy of Rhinotyphlops Fitzinger, with descriptions of five new species (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Zootaxa 1515: 31–68 - get paper here
  • Chabanaud,P. 1916. Enumération des Ophidiens non encore étudiés de l'Afrique occidentale, appartenant aux Collections du Muséum avec le description des espèces et des variétés nouvelles. Bull. Mus. natn. Hist. nat. Paris 22: 362-382 - get paper here
  • Chifundera, K. 1990. Snakes of Zaire and their bites. Afr. Stud. Monogr. (Kyoto) 10(3): 137-157.
  • Chirio, Laurent and Ivan Ineich 2006. Biogeography of the reptiles of the Central African Republic. African Journal of Herpetology 55(1):23-59. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • JACOBSEN, N.H.G. 2009. A contribution to the herpetofauna of the Passendro Area, Central African Republic. African Herp News (47): 2-20
  • Laurent 1956. Notes herpétologiques africaines. Rev. Zool. Bot. afr., Bruxelles, 53: 229-256
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Perret 1961. Bull. Soc. neuchâtel. Sci. nat., 84: 133.
  • Roux-Estève, R. 1974. Révision systématique des Typhlopidae d'Afrique. Reptilia. Serpentes. Mém. nation. Hist. nat., Paris, (sér.A.) 87: 1-313
 
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