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Letheobia uluguruensis (BARBOUR & LOVERIDGE, 1928)

IUCN Red List - Letheobia uluguruensis - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaTyphlopidae (Afrotyphlopinae), Typhlopoidea, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesUluguru gracile blind-snake, Uluguri Worm Snake 
SynonymTyphlops uluguruensis BARBOUR & LOVERIDGE 1928: 104
Typhlops uluguruensis — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 123
Typhlops uluguruensis — SPAWLS et al. 2001
Letheobia uluguruensis — BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007
Letheobia uluguruensis — HEDGES et al. 2014
Letheobia uluguruensis — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 360 
DistributionTanzania (Uluguru Mountains), elevation 760–850 m

Type locality: “Nyange, 850 m, Uluguru Mountains, Tanzania” (06°52’S, 37°46’E)  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: MCZ 23080. 
Diagnosis 
CommentHas been rediscovered only in 2004 (by GOWER et al.), 76 years after its first description.

Description: Snout rounded, prominent. Rostral moderate, oval; frontal subhexagonal; supraocular transverse, its lateral apex between preocular and ocular; eye not visible; ocular separated from subocular by two or three postoculars; nasal suture arising from second labial; SIP X (N1, P, S, PO) and SIP II–P (N1, N2, S, S); MSR 22, reduction A–B 2, reduction B–C O; MD 379–416; vertebrae 263–269; MD/V ratio 1.41–1.8; L/D ratio 2–7. Colourless. For abbreviations see L. caeca. From BROADLEY & WALLACH 2007.

Habitat: Two of the type series were taken under the rotting grass roof of a collapsed hut at the edge of the rain forest (Barbour & Loveridge 1928). In May 2002, four were dug out of loose soil in mixed, low intensity agriculture at Tegetero Mission (Gower et al. 2004). 
Etymology 
References
  • Barbour,T. & LOVERIDGE.A. 1928. A comparative study of the herpetological fauna of the Uluguru and Usambara mountains, Tanzania Territory with descriptions of new species. Mem. Mus. comp. Zool. Cambridge (Massachusetts), 50 (2): 85-265 - get paper here
  • Broadley, Donald G. & Wallach, V. 2007. A review of East and Central African species of Letheobia Cope, revived from the synonymy of Rhinotyphlops Fitzinger, with descriptions of five new species (Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Zootaxa 1515: 31–68 - get paper here
  • Gower, David J.; Simon P. Loader & Mark Wilkinson 2004. Assessing the conservation status of soil-dwelling vertebrates: insights from the rediscovery of Typhlops uluguruensis (Reptilia: Serpentes: Typhlopidae). Systematics and Biodiversity 2 (1): 79-82
  • Hedges, S.B., Marion, A.B., Lipp, K.M., Marin, J. & Vidal, N. 2014. A taxonomic framework for typhlopid snakes from the Caribbean and other regions (Reptilia, Squamata). Caribbean Herpetology 49: 1–61 - get paper here
  • Huff, T.A. 1984. The husbandry and propagation of the Madagascar ground boa, Acrantophis dumerili in captivity. Acta Zool. Pathol. Antverpiensia 78: 255-270
  • McDiarmid, R.W.; Campbell, J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. [type catalogue] Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Rovero, F., Menegon, M., Fjeldså, J., Collett, L., Doggart, N., Leonard, C., Norton, G., Owen, N., Perkin, A., Spitale, D., Ahrends, A., Burgess, N. D. 2014. Targeted vertebrate surveys enhance the faunal importance and improve explanatory models within the Eastern Arc Mountains of Kenya and Tanzania. Diversity and Distributions. doi: 10.1111/ddi.12246 - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Wallach, V. & Gemel, R. 2018. Typhlops weidholzi n. inedit., a new species of Letheobia from the republic of Cameroon, and a synopsis of the genus (Squamata: Serpentes: Scolecophidia: Typhlopidae). Herpetozoa 31 (1/2): 27 - 46 - get paper here
 
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