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Liolaemus chavin AGUILAR, WOOD, CUSI, GUZMÁN, HUARI, LUNDBERG, MORTENSEN, RAMÍREZ, ROBLES, SUÁREZ, TICONA, VARGAS, VENEGAS & SITES, 2013

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Higher TaxaLiolaemidae, Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymLiolaemus chavin AGUILAR, WOOD, CUSI, GUZMÁN, HUARI, LUNDBERG, MORTENSEN, RAMÍREZ, ROBLES, SUÁREZ, TICONA, VARGAS, VENEGAS & SITES 2013
Liolaemus alticolor — LEHR 2002
Liolaemus incaicus — LOBO et al. 2007
Liolaemus aff. walkeri — LANGSTROTH 2011 
DistributionPeru (Ancash, Huánuco), elevation 3535–4450 m

Type locality: Conococha, Recuay Province, Ancash Department, Peru, -10.123S, -77.293W, elevation 4100 m Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: MUSM 25417, adult male collected on 31 March 2006 by Mikael Lundberg.
Paratypes: MUSM, BYU, CORBIDI. 
CommentDiagnosis. Small (61.7 mm maximum SVL), slender Liolaemus closely related to L. walkeri, L. tacnae, L. pachacutec sp. n. and L. wari sp. n. (described below) (Fig. 1). It differs from L. walkeri, L. pachacutec sp. n. and L. wari sp. n. in the absence of precloacal pores in males. It differs from L. tacnae in having a melanistic belly in adult males (not melanistic in adult L. tacnae males). In comparison with other species assigned to the L. alticolor group, L. chavin sp. n. differs from L. bitaeniatus and L. pagaburoi in having a smooth dorsal surface of the head (rough to slightly rough dorsal surface). It differs from L. alticolor, L. aparicioi, L. incaicus, L. paulinae, L. pyriphlogos, L. puna, and L. variegatus in the absence of precloacal pores in males. Liolaemus chaltin also lacks precloacal pores in males, but L. chavin sp. n. differs in having also a mela- nistic belly in adult males.

Sexual dimorphism: Adult males exhibit melanistic belly, cloacal region and throat, or melanistic belly only; adult females exhibit black and white spots on belly, cloacal region and throat, or yellowish belly and tail. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet chavin refers to the pre-Inca culture Chavin, which had its center close to the type locality and frequently depicted reptile figures on some of its most remarkable sculptures. The species name is in the nominative singular. 
References
  • Aguilar, Cesar; Perry Wood, Juan Carlos Cusi, Alfredo Guzman, Frank Huari, Mikael Lundberg, Emma Mortensen, César Ramirez, Daniel Robles, Juana Suarez, Andres Ticona, Victor Vargas, Pablo J. Venegas, Jack Sites 2013. Integrative taxonomy and preliminary assessment of species limits in the Liolaemus walkeri complex (Squamata, Liolaemidae) with descriptions of three new species from Peru. ZooKeys 364 (2013): 47-91; doi: 10.3897/zookeys.364.6109 - get paper here
 
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